Proving ground

A proving ground (US), training area (Australia, Ireland, UK) or training centre (Canada) is a military installation or reservation where weapons or other military technology are experimented with or are tested, or where military tactics are tested.

While these types of facilities are usually military or government establishments, some civilian industries have their own proving grounds for testing prototypes and new technologies.

Military and Government

Asia

Republic of Korea

Australasia

Australia

Europe

Austria

Czech Republic

There are five proving grounds in the Czech Republic with the total area of 1296 km2.

Denmark

  • Borris Skydeterræn (47 km2)

Finland

Germany

Ireland

Italy

Poland

  • Drawsko Pomorskie (340 km2) belongs to the Polish Army and Air Force (since 1946), and has also been used by NATO since 1996. This facility is internationally known as DPTA - Drawsko Pomorskie Training Area. It is also an important site of archeological excavations.
  • Ośrodek Szkolenia Poligonowego Wojsk Lądowych Żagań (about 34,000 ha) in Żagań County and Bolesławiec County; belongs to Polish Land Forces also used by NATO

Portugal

Spain

United Kingdom

Russia/former Soviet Union

In Russia a designated area is usually called a "polygon" (Полигон).

North America

Canada

United States

In the United States, there are several military facilities that have been designated as Proving Grounds.

Automotive proving grounds

Automotive proving ground[4] or also called automotive test track serves automotive industry for road vehicle testing. In automotive development process, vehicle manufacturers typically test the behaviour of the vehicle in various environments and traffic situations. Conventional vehicle test cases are usually focus on the dynamic properties of vehicles. Test tracks generally compass the engineering tasks of vehicle testing, validation and proving. By the advent of autonomous cars, new proving grounds specially dedicated for self-driving cars appear as well as traditional test fields are transformed for highly automated or autonomous vehicle tests.

Automakers

Independent automotive proving grounds[5]

  • ZalaZone Automotive Proving Ground, Hungary
  • fr:UTAC CERAM, France
  • Applus IDIADA, Spain
  • de:Automotive Testing Papenburg, Germany
  • HORIBA MIRA, United Kingdom
  • Bruntingthorpe Airfield & Proving Ground, United Kingdom
  • Millbrook Proving Ground, United Kingdom
  • TRIWO Automotive Testing Center, vehicle testing proving grounds close to Frankfurt and Saarbruecken, Germany[6]

Footnotes

  1. Lewis, Jeffrey (June 28, 2017). "Anheung Proving Ground". Arms Control Wonk. Archived from the original on June 28, 2017.
  2. Lewis, Jeffrey (June 24, 2017). "South Korean President Moon watched a missile test. We don't pay enough attention to South Korea's missiles. 1/". Twitter. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  3. Poligono Sperimentale e di Addestramento Interforze del Salto di Quirra
  4. Szalay, Zs.; Nyerges, Á.; Hamar, H.; Hesz, M. (2017). "Technical Specification Methodology for an Automotive Proving Ground Dedicated to Connected and Automated Vehicles". Periodica Polytechnica Transportation Engineering. 45 (3): 168–174. doi:10.3311/PPtr.10708.
  5. Szalay, Zs.; Nyerges, Á.; Hamar, H.; Hesz, M. (2017). "Technical Specification Methodology for an Automotive Proving Ground Dedicated to Connected and Automated Vehicles". Periodica Polytechnica Transportation Engineering. 45 (3): 168–174. doi:10.3311/PPtr.10708.
  6. KFZ-Testcenter, Triwo. "Teststrecken-Kalender | Triwo KFZ-Testcenter". www.triwo-testcenter.de (in German). Retrieved 17 January 2018.

Further reading

  • Edwin A. Martini (ed.), Proving Grounds: Militarized Landscapes, Weapons Testing, and the Environmental Impact of US Bases. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 2015.
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