Provincial park

A provincial park (or territorial park) is a park administered by one of the provinces of a country, as opposed to a national park. They are similar to state parks in other countries. They are typically open to the public for recreation. Their environment may be more or less strictly protected. Argentina, Belgium, Canada and South Africa are among the countries that have provincial parks.


Provincial parks (Spanish: Parques Provinciales) in the Misiones Province of Argentina include the Urugua-í Provincial Park and Esmeralda Provincial Park.[1][2] The Ischigualasto Provincial Park, also called Valle de la Luna ("Valley of the Moon" or "Moon Valley"), due to its otherworldly appearance, is a provincial protected area in the north-east of San Juan Province, north-western Argentina.[3] The Aconcagua Provincial Park is in Mendoza Province. The highest point is the north summit of the Cerro Aconcagua at 6,962 metres (22,841 ft).[4] The Parque Provincial Pereyra Iraola is the largest urban park in the Buenos Aires Province.[5] It is the richest center of biodiversity in the province.[6]


Provincial parks in Belgium (French: domaines provinciaux) include Bois des Rêves,[7] Chevetogne,[8] Hélécine,[9] Palogne[10] and Wégimont.[11] These are typically public areas administered by the province for outdoor recreation such as swimming, canoeing, hiking and camping, with few or no fully protected portions.


Provincial parks in Canada are protected areas of land and/or water designated by one of the provincial governments to protect nature or historical sites and to support recreation, tourism and education. The first provincial park, Queen Victoria Park in Niagara Falls, opened in 1888.[12] The largest is the 2,355,200-hectare (5,820,000-acre) Polar Bear Provincial Park on Hudson Bay.[13]

Although provincial parks in Canada are not the same as national parks, their structures and purposes are very similar. The provincial and territorial parks systems generally have various park categories. Parks may be ecological reserves without facilities for use by the general public, day use parks or recreational parks that offer many services to visitors, often including bicycle, canoe, or kayak rentals, camping sites, hiking trails and beaches. In the province of Quebec, the provincial parks are labelled "national parks" and are all IUCN category II protected areas (like at the federal level, and as opposed to many provincial parks), and are managed by Société des établissements de plein air du Québec. Many parks in the other provinces have the IUCN designation.

South Africa

Nwanedi Provincial Park is a scenic nature and game reserve on the foothills of the Venda mountains in the northern part of the Limpopo province of South Africa.[14] Mokolo Dam Provincial Park almost surrounds the Mokolo Dam on the Mokolo River. It is located 32 km south of Lephalale, just northeast of the Marakele National Park and not far from the Lapalala Game Reserve.[15] Letaba Ranch Provincial Park in Limpopo Province is north of Phalaborwa, next to the Kruger Park and has an area of about 42,000 ha. The Letaba River, runs through the park.[16]


  1. Important Bird Areas factsheet: Parque Provincial Urugua-í (in Spanish), BirdLife International, 2016, retrieved 2016-11-09
  2. Parque Provincial Esmeralda-R.B.Yaboty (in Spanish), SIB: Administración de Parques Nacionales, retrieved 2016-11-09
  3. "Around the Valley of the Moon", Welcome Argentina, retrieved 2016-11-09
  4. El Parque Provincial Aconcagua (in Spanish), Secretaría de AMBIENTE Y ORDENAMIENTO TERRITORIAL - Gobierno de Mendoza, retrieved 2016-11-09
  6. "Parque Provincial y Reserva de la Biosfera PEREYRA IRAOLA".
  7. Le Brabant wallon: Domaine provincial du Bois des Rêves, retrieved 2016-11-10
  8. Domaine provincial de Chevetogne (in French), retrieved 2016-11-10
  9. Le Brabant wallon: Hélécine Domaine Provincial, retrieved 2016-11-10
  10. Domaine de Palogne (in French), retrieved 2016-11-10
  11. Domaine de Wégimont (in French), retrieved 2016-11-10
  12. "First provincial park was in Niagara Falls". Niagara Falls Review. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  13. "Welcome to Polar Bear Provincial Park", Ontario Parks, Queen's Printer for Ontario, retrieved 2019-08-19
  15. State of Rivers Report: the Mokolo River
  16. Letaba Ranch Provincial Park
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