Provinces of Laos

Laos, officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic, is divided into provinces (Lao ແຂວງ, pronounced [kʰwɛ̌ːŋ], khoeng, qwang or khoueng) and 1 prefecture (kampheng nakhon) plus the Vientiane Capital city municipality (ນະຄອນຫຼວງ, nakhon louang, or Na Kone Luang Vientiane). The special administrative zone (ເຂດພິເສດ, khet phiset), Xaisomboun, created in 1994, was dissolved on January 13, 2006.[1] In 2013, parts of the former special administrative zone was reestablished as Xaisomboun Province.

CategoryUnitary state
Location Lao People's Democratic Republic
Populations85,168 (Xaisomboun) – 8,262,864 (Savannakhét)
Areas3,920 km2 (1,510 sq mi) (Vientiane) – 21,774 km2 (8,407 sq mi) (Savannakhét)
GovernmentMarxist-Leninist single party provincial government
Administrative divisions
of Laos
  • Village

Provinces and Prefecture of Laos

Location Name Capital Population (2015 census) Area (km²) Population density ISO
Attapeu Province
Samakkhixay District
139,628 10,320 14 LA-AT
Bokèo Province
Houayxay District
(Ban Houayxay)
179,243 6,196 29 LA-BK
Bolikhamxai Province
Paksane District
273,691 14,863 18 LA-BL
Champasak Province
Pakse District
694,023 15,415 45 LA-CH
Houaphan Province
Xamneua District
(Xam Neua)
289,393 16,500 18 LA-HO
Khammouan Province
Thakhek District
392,052 16,315 24 LA-KH
Luang Namtha Province
Namtha District
(Luang Namtha)
175,753 9,325 19 LA-LM
Louangphabang Province
Louangphrabang District
(Luang Prabang)
431,889 16,875 26 LA-LP
Oudômxai Province
Xay District
(Muang Xay)
307,622 15,370 20 LA-OU
Phôngsali Province
Phongsaly District
177,989 16,270 11 LA-PH
Salavan Province
Salavan District
396,942 10,691 37 LA-SL
Savannakhét Province Khanthabouly District
969,697 21,774 45 LA-SV
Vientiane Province Phonhong District
419,090 18,526 23 LA-VI
Vientiane Prefecture Vientiane 820,940 3,920 209 LA-VT
Xaignabouli Province
Xayabury District
381,376 16,389 23 LA-XA
Xékong Province
Lamarm District
113,048 7,665 15 LA-XE
Xaisomboun Province
Anouvong District
85,168 4,506 19 LA-XS
Xiangkhouang Province
Pek District
244,684 15,880 15 LA-XI


The population of each province in 2015 is given in the census data.[2]


In 1989 Vientiane prefecture was split from Vientiane province and the capital of Vientiane province moved from Vientiane to Muang Phôn-Hông. In 1994 Xaisômboun khetphiset (special region) was formed from parts of the Bolikhamxai, Vientiane, and Xiangkhoang provinces. In 2006 Xaisomboun special region was dissolved and the Longsan, Xaysomboun, Phun, and Hom districts added to Vientiane province, while Thathon district was transferred to Xiengkhuang province.

Further divisions

The provinces are then subdivided into districts (muang) and villages (baan).


The provinces are grouped geographically into 3 strata, North (from Phongsaly to Saiyabouly, Luang Prabang and Xiengkhuang), Central (Vientiane and Bolikhamxay) and South (from Khammuane to Champasack).

See also


  1. "Laos Provinces". Retrieved 2019-11-10.
  2. "Results of Population and Housing Census 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 2019-11-10.

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.