Provinces of Indonesia

The Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 largest subdivisions of the country and the highest tier of the local government (formerly called Daerah Tingkat I – level 1 region). Provinces are further divided into regencies and cities (formerly called Daerah Tingkat II – level 2 regions), which are in turn subdivided into districts (kecamatan).

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Provinces of Indonesia
CategoryProvince
LocationIndonesia
Number34 Provinces
PopulationsSmallest: 622,350 (North Kalimantan) Largest: 43,053,732 (West Java)
AreasSmallest: 664 km2 (256 sq mi) (Jakarta) Largest: 319,036 km2 (123,180 sq mi) (Papua)
GovernmentGovernor
SubdivisionsRegency and city

Background

Each province has a local government headed by a governor, and a legislative body. The governor and members of local representative bodies are elected by popular vote for five-year terms.

Current provinces

Indonesia has 34 provinces, eight of which have been created since 1999, namely: North Maluku, West Papua, Banten, Bangka Belitung Islands, Gorontalo, Riau Islands, West Sulawesi and (in late 2012) North Kalimantan.[1]

Five provinces have special status:

The provinces are officially grouped into seven geographical units.[2]

Click on a province name to go to its main article.

Table of provinces

Provinces of Indonesia[3][4]
Arms Province Indonesian acronym ISO[5] Capital Population (2015)[6] Area (km²) Population density
per km²
(2010)
Geographical unit Number
of cities
(kota) and
regencies
(kabupaten)
Number
of cities
(kota)
Number of
regencies
(kabupaten)
AcehAcehID-ACBanda Aceh4,993,38557,95677Sumatra23518
BaliBaliID-BADenpasar4,148,5885,780621Lesser Sunda Islands918
Bangka Belitung IslandsBabelID-BBPangkalpinang1,370,33116,42464Sumatra716
BantenBantenID-BTSerang11,934,3739,662909Java844
BengkuluBengkuluID-BEBengkulu1,872,13619,91984Sumatra1019
Central JavaJatengID-JTSemarang33,753,02340,800894Java35629
Central KalimantanKaltengID-KTPalangka Raya2,490,178153,56414Kalimantan14113
Central SulawesiSultengID-STPalu2,872,85761,84141Sulawesi13112
East JavaJatimID-JISurabaya38,828,06147,799828Java38929
East Kalimantan[7]KaltimID-KISamarinda3,422,676139,46222Kalimantan1037
East Nusa TenggaraNTTID-NTKupang5,112,76048,71892Lesser Sunda Islands22121
GorontaloGorontaloID-GOGorontalo1,131,67011,25794Sulawesi615
Special Capital Region of JakartaDKIID-JKJakarta[lower-alpha 1]10,154,13466412,786Java651
JambiJambiID-JAJambi3,397,16450,05857Sumatra1129
LampungLampungID-LABandar Lampung8,109,60134,623226Sumatra15213
MalukuMalukuID-MAAmbon1,683,85646,91432Maluku Islands1129
North KalimantanKaltaraID-KUTanjung Selor639,63972,27510Kalimantan514
North MalukuMalutID-MUSofifi1,160,27531,98231Maluku Islands1028
North SulawesiSulutID-SAManado2,409,92113,851162Sulawesi15411
North SumatraSumutID-SUMedan13,923,26272,981188Sumatra33825
PapuaPapuaID-PAJayapura3,143,088319,0368Western New Guinea29128
RiauRiauID-RIPekanbaru6,330,94187,02352Sumatra12210
Riau IslandsKepriID-KRTanjung Pinang1,968,3138,201208Sumatra72
Southeast SulawesiSultraID-SGKendari2,495,24838,06751Sulawesi17215
South KalimantanKalselID-KSBanjarmasin3,984,31538,74496Kalimantan13211
South SulawesiSulselID-SNMakassar8,512,60846,717151Sulawesi24321
South SumatraSumselID-SSPalembang8,043,04291,59286Sumatra17413
West JavaJabarID-JBBandung46,668,21435,3771,176Java27918
West KalimantanKalbarID-KBPontianak4,783,209147,30730Kalimantan14212
West Nusa TenggaraNTBID-NBMataram4,830,11818,572234Lesser Sunda Islands1028
West PapuaPBID-PB[8]Manokwari868,81997,0248Western New Guinea13112
West SulawesiSulbarID-SRMamuju1,279,99416,78773Sulawesi606
West SumatraSumbarID-SBPadang5,190,57742,012110Sumatra19712
Special Region of YogyakartaDIYID-YOYogyakarta3,675,7683,1331,138Java514

Former provinces

Upon the independence of Indonesia, eight provinces were established: West Java, Central Java, East Java, and Maluku still exist as of today despite later divisions, while Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Lesser Sunda were fully liquidated. The province of Central Sumatra existed from 1948 to 1957, while East Timor was annexed as a province from 1976 until its independence as a country in 1999.

Province Capital Period Successor(s)
Sumatra[9] Bukittinggi / Medan 1945–1948 Central Sumatra
North Sumatra
South Sumatra
Kalimantan[10] Banjarmasin 1945–1956 East Kalimantan
South Kalimantan
West Kalimantan
Lesser Sunda
(Sunda Kecil)[11]
Singaraja 1945–1958 Bali
East Nusa Tenggara
West Nusa Tenggara
Sulawesi[12] Makassar / Manado 1945–1960 North Sulawesi
South Sulawesi
Central Sumatra
(Sumatera Tengah)[9][13]
Bukittinggi 1948–1957 Jambi
Riau
West Sumatra
East Timor
(Timor Timur)[14]
Dili 1976–1999 Timor Leste (country)

See also

General:

Notes

  1. Jakarta is a provincial-level city

References

  1. "House Agrees on Creation of Indonesia's 34th Province: 'North Kalimantan'". The Jakarta Post. 2012-10-22. Archived from the original on 2013-01-12. Retrieved 2014-10-26.
  2. ISO 3166-2:ID
  3. Data Wilayah – Kementerian Dalam Negeri – Republik Indonesia
  4. http://www.kemendagri.go.id/media/documents/2015/02/25/l/a/lampiran_i.pdf Archived 2016-11-19 at the Wayback Machine BUKU INDUK KODE DAN DATA WILAYAH ADMINISTRASI PEMERINTAHAN PER PROVINSI, KABUPATEN/KOTA DAN KECAMATAN SELURUH INDONESIA
  5. ISO 3166-2:ID (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of Indonesia)
  6. Statistics Indonesia (November 2015). "Result of the 2015 Intercensal Population Census" (PDF). Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  7. figures adjusted to take account of the separation of Tarakan City and four regencies, as confirmed by Biro Pusat Statistik, to form the new province of North Kalimantan, listed separately in this table.
  8. West Papua was created from the western portion of Papua province in February, 2003, initially under the name of Irian Jaya Barat, and was renamed Papua Barat (West Papua) on 2007-02-07. The split remains controversial. In November 2004, an Indonesian court agreed that the split violated Papua's autonomy laws. However, the court ruled that because the new province had already been created, it should remain separate from Papua. The ruling also prohibited the creation of another proposed province, Central Irian Jaya, because the split was not yet completed. As of June, 2008, an ISO 3166-2 code has not yet been published for West Papua. If one were to follow precedent, it would be ID-PB. Note: ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-1 (corrected 2010-02-19) page 18-19 confirms this as ID-PB. See http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_3166-2_newsletter_ii-1_corrected_2010-02-19.pdf . The code ID-IJ now refers to the larger geographical region including Papua and West Papua.
  9. hukum.unsrat.ac.id/pp/pp_21_1950.pdf
  10. "Undang-Undang Nomor 25 Tahun 1956". hukumonline.com. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  11. "Undang-Undang Nomor 64 Tahun 1958". hukumonline.com. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  12. "Peraturan Pemerintah Pengganti Undang-Undang Nomor 47 Tahun 1960". hukumonline.com. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  13. "Undang-Undang Darurat Nomor 19 Tahun 1957". hukumonline.com. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  14. http://www.bphn.go.id/data/documents/76uu007.pdf
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