Progreso, Yucatán

Progreso (Spanish pronunciation: [pɾoˈɣɾeso]) is a port city in the Mexican state of Yucatán, located on the Gulf of Mexico in the north-west of the state some 30 minutes north of state capital Mérida (the biggest city on the Yucatán Peninsula) by highway. As of the Mexican census of 2010, Progreso had an official population of 37,369 inhabitants, the sixth largest community in the state in population. The city is also the municipal seat of the surrounding municipality of the same name. The municipality's area is 270.10 km2 (104.29 sq mi) and its population at the census was 49,454 inhabitants. It includes Scorpion Reef with its five islets 130 km offshore (north) on the outer edge of Campeche Bank.[1] Its largest other towns are Chicxulub, Campestre Flamboyanes, and Chelem.

Progreso
City
Progreso Beach

Coat of arms
Location of Progreso in Yucatán
Progreso
Location of Progreso in Yucatán
Progreso
Progreso (Mexico)
Coordinates: 21°16′48″N 89°40′12″W
Government
  Municipal PresidentJulián Zacarías Curi (2018-2021)
Area
  Total270.10 km2 (104.29 sq mi)
Elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
  Total53,958
  Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Codigo Postal
97320
Area code(s)969
Major AirportMerida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA CodeMID
ICAO CodeMMMD

Progreso is a center for both the fishing industry and the container industry. All containers arrive in Progreso and are distributed to Yucatán, Campeche and Quintana Roo.

Progreso also is one of the newest ports for large cruise ships and an emerging balneario resort destination. Passengers disembark on a very long pier, the Terminal Remota opened in 1989[2] that juts out 6.5 km (4.0 mi) into the Gulf of Mexico. Passengers are taken to shore to visit Progreso, Mérida or the Maya civilization archaeological sites of Uxmal and Dzibilchaltun.

During the months of July and August the beaches fill with thousands of mostly local tourists, as it is traditional in these months for residents of Mérida to leave the city and spend the summer in the cooler seaside environment.

History

Progreso was founded in 1872, to create a sea port closer to Mérida than the older port of Sisal, Yucatán. [3]

Climate

Despite its coastal location and fairly humid climate (average humidity around 70–80%), Progreso has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh)[4]. There is little variation in average temperatures though the winter months from December to March are noticeably more cool. Precipitation is scarce throughout the year but is more abundant from June to October. On average, there are 36 days with measureable rainfall.

Climate data for Progreso, Yucatan (1951–1980)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.5
(92.3)
34.4
(93.9)
38.6
(101.5)
38.0
(100.4)
39.2
(102.6)
35.0
(95.0)
34.6
(94.3)
33.5
(92.3)
33.6
(92.5)
33.0
(91.4)
33.6
(92.5)
33.0
(91.4)
39.2
(102.6)
Average high °C (°F) 25.5
(77.9)
26.2
(79.2)
28.6
(83.5)
29.9
(85.8)
30.2
(86.4)
30.0
(86.0)
29.5
(85.1)
29.6
(85.3)
29.6
(85.3)
28.4
(83.1)
27.1
(80.8)
25.8
(78.4)
28.4
(83.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.9
(73.2)
23.1
(73.6)
24.9
(76.8)
26.2
(79.2)
27.1
(80.8)
27.3
(81.1)
27.2
(81.0)
27.3
(81.1)
27.2
(81.0)
26.5
(79.7)
24.9
(76.8)
23.5
(74.3)
25.7
(78.3)
Average low °C (°F) 20.1
(68.2)
20.0
(68.0)
21.6
(70.9)
22.9
(73.2)
24.1
(75.4)
24.7
(76.5)
24.6
(76.3)
24.8
(76.6)
24.8
(76.6)
24.2
(75.6)
22.5
(72.5)
20.9
(69.6)
22.9
(73.2)
Record low °C (°F) 10.0
(50.0)
9.2
(48.6)
13.8
(56.8)
14.8
(58.6)
17.6
(63.7)
19.2
(66.6)
18.8
(65.8)
19.6
(67.3)
19.8
(67.6)
17.6
(63.7)
15.0
(59.0)
14.0
(57.2)
9.2
(48.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 15.4
(0.61)
19.5
(0.77)
3.5
(0.14)
6.9
(0.27)
25.3
(1.00)
64.6
(2.54)
44.5
(1.75)
48.5
(1.91)
93.6
(3.69)
64.2
(2.53)
20.1
(0.79)
17.1
(0.67)
423.2
(16.66)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.60 1.70 0.66 0.80 1.96 4.60 4.30 4.26 6.96 4.30 2.46 2.51 36.11
Average relative humidity (%) 75 73 72 72 75 79 81 81 82 76 75 76 76
Mean monthly sunshine hours 199.6 193.0 203.4 188.7 221.1 218.7 234.8 233.3 200.4 207.8 194.0 198.0 2,492.8
Source: Colegio de Postgraduados (humidity and sun)[5]

References

  1. "Instituto Nacional de Ecología" (in Spanish). Parque Marino Nacional Arrecife Alacranes. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
  2. "XVII Aniversario de la Terminal Remota de Puerto Progreso" (in Portuguese). Administracion Portuaria Integral de Progreso S.A. de C.V. 6 October 2006. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  3. Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification" (PDF). Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. "Normales climatológicas para Progreso, Yuc" (in Spanish). Colegio de Postgraduados. Archived from the original on 13 April 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
  • Yucatán Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.