Prix de Rome

The Prix de Rome (pronounced [pʁi də ʁɔm]) or Grand Prix de Rome[1] was a French scholarship for arts students, initially for painters and sculptors, that was established in 1663 during the reign of Louis XIV of France. Winners were awarded a bursary that allowed them to stay in Rome for three to five years at the expense of the state. The prize was extended to architecture in 1720, music in 1803, and engraving in 1804. The prestigious award was abolished in 1968 by André Malraux, the Minister of Culture.

History

The Prix de Rome was initially created for painters and sculptors in 1663 in France, during the reign of Louis XIV. It was an annual bursary for promising artists having proved their talents by completing a very difficult elimination contest. To succeed, a student had to create a sketch on an assigned topic while isolated in a closed booth with no reference material to draw on.[2] The prize, organised by the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture (Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture), was open to their students. From 1666, the award winner could win a stay of three to five years at the Palazzo Mancini in Rome at the expense of the King of France. In 1720, the Académie Royale d’Architecture began a prize in architecture. Six painters, four sculptors, and two architects[3] would be sent to the French Academy in Rome founded by Jean-Baptiste Colbert from 1666.

Expanded after 140 years into five categories, the contest started in 1663 as two categories: painting and sculpture. Architecture was added in 1720. In 1803, music was added, and after 1804 there was a prix for engraving as well. The primary winner took the "First Grand Prize" (called the agréé),[4] and the "Second Prizes" were awarded to the runners-up.

In 1803, Napoleon Bonaparte moved the French Academy in Rome to the Villa Medici, with the intention of preserving an institution once threatened by the French Revolution. At first, the villa and its gardens were in a sad state, and they had to be renovated in order to house the winners of the Prix de Rome. In this way, he hoped to retain for young French artists the opportunity to see and copy the masterpieces of antiquity and the Renaissance.

Jacques-Louis David, having failed to win the prize three years in a row, considered suicide. Édouard Manet, Edgar Degas, Ernest Chausson, and Maurice Ravel attempted the Prix de Rome but did not gain recognition. Ravel tried a total of five times to win the prize, and the last failed attempt in 1905 was so controversial that it led to a complete reorganization of the administration at the Paris Conservatory.

During World War II (1939–45), the prize winners were accommodated in the Villa Paradiso in Nice.[5] The Prix de Rome was abolished in 1968 by André Malraux, who was Minister of Culture at the time. Since then, a number of contests have been created, and the academies, together with the Institut de France, were merged by the State and the Minister of Culture. Selected residents now have an opportunity for study during an 18-month (sometimes 2-year) stay at The Academy of France in Rome, which is accommodated in the Villa Medici.

The heyday of the Prix de Rome was during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.[6] It was later imitated by the Prix Abd-el-Tif and the Villa Abd-el-Tif in Algiers, 1907–1961, and later Prix d'Indochine including a bursary to visit the École des Beaux-Arts de l'Indochine in Hanoi, 1920–1939, and bursary for residence at the Casa de Velázquez in Madrid, 1929–present.

Winners in the Architecture category

The Prix de Rome for Architecture was created in 1720.

18th century (architecture)

Year Premier Prix Deuxième Prix Troisieme Prix Competition project
1720Antoine DerisetAn entry to a Doric palace
1721Philippe BuacheGuillot-AubryJean PinardA plan of a church measuring 20 toises [40 metres] square
1722Jean-Michel ChevotetJolivetA triumphal arch
1723Jean PinardPierre MouretA mansion for a great nobleman
1724Jean-Pierre Le Tailleur de BoncourtPierre-Étienne Le BonA high altar for a cathedral
1725Pierre-Étienne Le Bon [a 1]ClairetA convent church
1726François CarlierAufraneClairetA portal of a church
1727François GallotJoseph Eustache de BourgePierre MouretA mansion for a great nobleman
1728Antoine-Victor DesmaraisJoseph Eustache de BourgeQuéauA chateau for a great nobleman
1729Joseph Eustache de BourgeDevillardQuéauA cathedral
1730Claude-Louis d'AvilerPierre Laurentde DevilliardA triumphal arch
1731Jean-Baptiste MarteauPierre RoussetCourtilliéA building 25 toises [50 metres] across
1732Jean-Laurent Le Geayde MercyPierre RoussetA portal of a church
1733Jacques HaneuseBailleulJean-Baptiste CourtonneA public square
1734VattebledPierre LaurentLafondA high altar of a church
1735Pierre LaurentJean-Louis PollevertLindetA gallery with a chapel
1736Jean-Louis PollevertMaximilien BrébionGabriel Pierre Martin DumontA country house
1737Gabriel Pierre Martin DumontLindetDatifTwo staircases and a vestibule of a palace
1738Nicolas Marie PotainLancretJean-Baptiste CourtonneA gallery with a chapel
1739Nicolas DorbayMaximilien BrébionLecamusA great stable for a royal chateau
1740Maximilien BrébionCordierde DreuxA garden 400 toises [800 metres] long
1741Nicolas-Henri JardinArmandBourdetA choir of a cathedral
1742ArmandLecamusBourdetA façade of a city hall
1743Jean MoreauCordierBrébionA garden 400 toises [800 metres] long
1744No prize awarded, due to the low quality of entries
1745Ennemond Alexandre PetitotHazon (recorded as "Hazin")Deveau and LeluA lighthouse
1746Charles-Louis Clérisseau and Brébion J., ex-aequoLelu and Nicolas de PigageTurgisA mansion for a great nobleman
1747Jérôme Charles BellicardGirouxLieutautA triumphal arch
1748ParvisLeluDuvivierAn exchange
1749François Dominique Barreau de ChefdevilleJulien-David Le RoyPierre-Louis Moreau-DesprouxA temple to peace
1750Julien-David Le RoyPierre-Louis Moreau-DesprouxCharles De WaillyAn orange garden
1751Marie-Joseph PeyrePierre-Louis Moreau-DesprouxPierre-Louis HelinA public fountain
1752Charles De WaillyPierre-Louis HelinMoreauA façade of a palace
1753Louis-François TrouardJardinA gallery 50 toises [100 metres] long
1754Pierre-Louis HelinBillaudetJardinAn art salon
1755Victor Louis et Charles Maréchaux, ex-aequoBoucartRousseauA funereal chapel
1756Henri-Antoine LemaireHoudonAn isolated chapel
1757Competition canceled[a 2]A concert hall
1758Mathurin Cherpitel[a 3] and Jean-François-Thérèse Chalgrin, ex-aequoJacques Gondouin and Claude Jean-Baptiste Jallier de Savault[a 3][a 4]Houdon and GérendoA pavilion at the corner of a terrace
1759Antoine Le RoyJoseph Elie Michel LefebvreCauchois and Jacques GondouinA horse-riding school
1760Joseph Elie Michel LefebvreClaude Jean-Baptiste Jallier de SavaultGabrielA parish church
1761Antoine-Joseph de BourgeBoucherAntoine-François PeyreA concert hall
1762Antoine-François PeyrePierre d'OrléansAdrien MoutonA covered market
1763Charles François DarnaudinBoucherLouis-François Petit-RadelA triumphal arch
1764Adrien MoutonPierre d'OrléansNaudinA school
1765Jean-François HeurtierBoucuParisA dome of a cathedral
1766Jean-Arnaud RaymondPierre d'OrléansParisA portal of a cathedral
1767Pierre d'Orléans[a 5]Le MoyneMarquisA customs house
1768Jean-Philippe Lemoine de Couzon[a 5]Bernard PoyetParisA theater
1769Jacob Guerne[a 5]LussaultParisA public festival for a prince
1770Jean-Jacques Huvé[a 5]RenardPanseronAn arsenal
1771Not awardedA city hospital
1772Claude-Thomas de Lussault and Jean-Auguste Marquis[a 5][a 6]RenardNicolas-Claude GirardinA palace for the parent of a sovereign
1773Jean Augustin Renard[a 7]Mathurin Crucy and Coutouly[a 6]Thierry and Herbelot[a 6]A pavilion for a sovereign
1774Mathurin CrucyBonnetCharles Joachim Bénard,Mineral baths
1775Paul Guillaume Le Moine le RomanLouis-Étienne de SeineDoucet[a 8]Schools of medicine
1776Louis-Jean DesprezCharles Joachim BénardA chateau for a great nobleman
1777Louis-Étienne de SeineGuy de GisorsA water tower
1778First and second prizes carried over to 1779Public prisons
1779Guy de Gisors[a 9] and Père François Jacques LannoyDurand[a 9] and BarbierAn art museum
1780Louis Alexandre TrouardDurandA school on a triangular plot
1781Louis CombesMoitteA cathedral
1782Pierre BernardCathalaA courthouse
1783Antoine VaudoyerCharles PercierA menagerie
1784Auguste Cheval de Saint-HubertMoreauA lazaret
1785Jean-Charles Alexandre MoreauPierre-François-Léonard Fontaine[a 10]A funeral chapel
1786Charles PercierLouis-Robert GoustA meeting house for all the Académies
1787First and second prizes carried over to 1788A city hall
1788Jacques-Charles Bonnard[a 11] and Jean Jacques Tardieu, ex-aequoLouis-Robert Goust and Romain[a 11]A public treasury
1789Jean-Baptiste Louis François Le FebvreGaucherA school of medicine
1790No competition[a 12]
1791Claude-Mathieu DelagardetteNormandA gallery of a palace
1792Pierre-Charles-Joseph NormandBergognionA public market for a great city
1793No first prize awardedConstant ProtainA barracks
1794No competition[a 13]
1795
1796
1797Louis Ambroise Dubut and Cousin, ex-aequoÉloi Labarre and Maximilien Joseph HurtaultPublic granaries
1798Joseph ClémenceJoseph PomponA maritime exchange
1799Louis-Sylvestre Gasse and Auguste Henri Victor Grandjean de Montigny, ex-aequoJean-Baptiste GuignetA cemetery 500 meters long
1800Simon Vallot and Jean-François-Julien Mesnager, ex-aequoJean-Baptiste Dedeban and Hubert RohaultAn institute of sciences and arts or a national school of fine arts

Notes

  1. Though sent to Rome in 1741.
  2. "After the students present for the architecture competition left, only eight returned to make an esquisse, but none were admitted to continue"
  3. Carried over from 1757.
  4. Noted as Jollivet.
  5. From 1767 through 1772, the winners of the Prix de Rome were deprived of the usual scholarship that funded their trips to Rome; this occurred because of the vengeance exacted by Abel-François Poisson de Vandières in an enormous abuse of his power. Having quarreled with the Académie d'Architecture, Poisson de Vendières sent his personal manservants instead to Rome instead of the winners of the Grand Prix.
  6. Carried over from 1771.
  7. In 1773 the funding for the scholarship to Rome was reestablished for architects through the generosity of the Abbé Terray, successor of the Marquis de Marigny.
  8. 1775 was the last year that a third prize (Troisieme Prix) was awarded.
  9. Carried over from 1778.
  10. Fontaine would never win the Prix de Rome; however, a space at the Mancini Palace opened up in 1787 due to the delay in awarding the prize for that year, and Fontaine became the resident pensionnaire, remaining in Rome until 1790.
  11. Carried over from 1787.
  12. "The projected entrants boycotted the contest by renouncing their status of students until the Académie adopted the changes they demanded in the old regulations.
  13. From 1794–96 no competitions were held, since the Académies established by the Ancien Régime had been abolished by the Republican government. They were re-established by decree of 28 October 1796 under a new body known as the Institut de France.

19th century (architecture)

Year Premier Prix Deuxième Prix Troisieme Prix/
Honorable Mention
Competition project
1801Auguste FaminDedebanA forum
1802Hubert Rohault de FleuryBuryA trade fair with exhibition pavilion for industrial products
1803François-Narcisse PagotAndré ChatillonA maritime port
1804Jules LesueurAndré ChatillonA palace of a sovereign
1805Auguste GuenepinHuyotSix houses for six families
1806Jean-Baptiste DesdebanLouis-Hippolyte LebasA palace for a legion of honor
1807Jean-Nicolas HuyotLeclèreGiroust[b 1]A palace for the education of princes
1808Achille-François-René LeclèreFrançois-Auguste JollyPublic baths for Paris
1809André ChatillonGrillonA cathedral
1810Martin-Pierre GauthierVauchelet and Jacques LacornéeAn exchange for a coastal city
1811Jean-Louis ProvostReniéA palace for a university
1812Tilman-François SuysBaronPoisson[b 2]A private hospital
1813Auguste CaristieFedel and LandonA city hall
1814Charles Henri Landon and Louis Destouches, ex-aequoLouis ViscontiVaucheletA museum and library
1815Pierre Anne DedreuxLouis-Julien-Alexandre VincentA technical college
1816Lucien Van CleemputteJean-Baptiste-Cicéron Le SueurA palace for the Institut [de France]
1817Antoine GarnaudAbel BlouetA musical conservatory
1818No first prize awardedFélix-Emmanuel CalletDesplans (mentioned)A public promenade
1819Félix-Emmanuel Callet and Jean-Baptiste Lesueur, ex-aequoFrançois VillainA cemetery
1820François VillainAuguste-Théophile Quantinet and Émile Jacques GilbertA medical school
1821Guillaume-Abel BlouetHenri LabrousteA courthouse
1822Émile GilbertFontaine and Jules BouchetLéon VaudoyerAn opera house
1823Félix DubanAlphonse de Gisors et Jean-Louis Victor GrisartA customs house
1824Henri LabrousteLépreux et Léon VaudoyerAugustin BurdetA court of cassation
1825Joseph-Louis DucFelix FrièsDommeyA city hall
1826Léon VaudoyerMarie Antoine DelannoyDommeyA palace for the Academy [of architecture] of France in Rome
1827Théodore LabrousteFrançois-Alexis CendrierA natural history museum
1828Marie DelannoyBourguignonAbricA public library
1829Simon-Claude Constant-DufeuxPierre-Joseph GarrezA lazaret
1830Pierre-Joseph GarrezAlphonse-François-Joseph GirardA house of entertainment for a prince
1831Prosper MoreyJean-Arnoud LéveilA establishment for thermal waters
1832Jean-Arnoud LéveilFrançois-Joseph NolauA museum
1833Victor BaltardHector-Martin LefuelChargrasseA military academy
1834Paul-Eugène LequeuxNicolas-Auguste ThumeloupAlphonse-Augustin FinielsAn Atheneum
1835Charles Victor FaminJean-Baptiste Guenepin and Alexis PaccardA medical school
1836François-Louis-Florimond Boulanger and Jean-Jacques ClergetAntoine Isidore Eugène GodebœufA hall for the exhibition of works of art and industrial products
1837Jean-Baptiste GuenepinAntoine-Julien Hénard and Jules DuruA Pantheon
1838Toussaint UchardAuguste-Joseph MagneA cathedral church
1839Hector LefuelFrançois-Marie PéronA Town Hall
1840Théodore BalluPhilippe-Auguste TiteuxA palace of the House of Lords
1841Alexis PaccardJacques-Martin TétazAn overseas French ambassadorial palace
1842Philippe-Auguste TiteuxProsper Desbuisson and Louis-Etienne LebelinAlbert-François-Germain DelaageA palace of the archives
1843Jacques-Martin TétazPierre-Joseph Dupont and Louis-Jules AndréA palace of the Institute
1844Prosper DesbuissonCharles Jean Lainé and Agis-Léon LedruAgis-Léon Ledru and Eugène DémangeatA palace for the French Academy
1845Félix ThomasPierre Trémaux and Charles-Auguste-Philippe LainéA cathedral church
1846Alfred-Nicolas NormandThomas-Augustin Monge and Jacques-Louis-Florimond PonthieuA Natural History museum
1847Louis-Jules AndréCharles-Mathieu-Quirin ClaudelA palace for the Chamber of Deputies
1848Charles GarnierAchille-Aimé-Alexis HueDenis LebouteuxA Conservatory for Arts and Crafts
1849Denis LebouteuxGabriel-Jean-Antoine DavioudPaul-Renè-Léon GinainA school of Fine Arts
1850Victor LouvetEdouard-Auguste VillainA large public square
1851Gabriel-Auguste AnceletMichel-Achille TriquetJoseph-Alfred ChapelainA hospice in the Alps
1852Léon GinainLouis-François Douillard the elder and Michel Douillard the youngerA Gymnasium
1853Arthur-Stanislas DietGeorges-Ernest CoquartPierre Jérôme Honoré DaumetA museum for a capital city
1854Paul Émile Bonnet and Joseph Auguste Émile Vaudremer jointlyFrançois-Philippe BoitteA monument dedicated to the burial of the sovereign of a great empire
1855Honoré DaumetEdmond-Jean-Baptiste Guillaume and Joseph-Eugène Heim the youngerConservatory of Music and Declamation
1856Edmond GuillaumeConstant MoyauxPalace of the Ambassador at Constantinople
1857Joseph HeimErnest MoreauA Faculty of Medicine
1858Georges-Ernest Coquart, Eugène TrainImperial Hotel for Naval invalids
1859Charles Thierry and Louis Boitte jointlyA Court of Cassation
1860Joseph Louis Achille JoyauBénardJulien GuadetAn Imperial Residence at Nice
1861Constant MoyauxFrançois-Wilbrod ChabrolAn establishment for thermal waters
1862François-Wilbrod ChabrolA palace for the Governor of Algeria
1863Emmanuel BruneA main staircase
1864Julien Guadet and Arthur Dutert jointlyA hospice in the Alps
1865Louis Noguet and Gustave Gerhardt jointlyA hostel for travellers
1866Jean-Louis PascalA banking house
1867Henri Jean Émile BénardAn exhibition of Fine Art
1868Charles Alfred LeclercA calvary
1869Ferdinand DutertA French Embassy
1870Albert-Félix-Théophile ThomasA Medical School
1871Émile UlmannA Palace of Representatives
1872Stanislas Louis BernierA Natural History Museum
1873Marcel LambertA water tower
1874Benoît Édouard LoviotA Palace of Faculties
1875Edmond PaulinJean BréassonA Palace of Justice for Paris
1876Paul BlondelA Palace of Arts
1877Henri-Paul NénotAdrien ChancelAn Atheneum for a capital city
1878Victor LalouxLouis-Marie-Théodore Dauphin and Victor-Auguste BlavetteA cathedral church
1879Victor-Auguste BlavetteA Conservatory
1880Louis GiraultJacques HermantA hospice for sick children on the Mediterranean
1881fr:Henri DeglaneA Palace of Fine Art
1882Pierre EsquiéA Palace for the Council of State
1883Gaston RedonA necropolis
1884Hector d’EspouyA thermal establishment
1885François Paul AndréA Medical Academy
1886Alphonse DefrasseAlbert LouvetA Palace for the Court of Auditors
1887Georges ChedanneHenri Eustache and Charles HeubèsA gymnasium
1888Albert TournaireA Parliamentary Palace
1889Constant-Désiré DespradelleDemerléA casino by the sea
1890Emmanuel PontremoliA monument to Joan of Arc
1891Henri EustacheFrançois-Benjamin ChaussemicheA central railway station
1892Émile BertoneGuillaume TronchetAn Artillery Museum
1893François-Benjamin ChaussemichePaul DusartAlfred-Henri RecouraA Palace for Academics
1894Alfred-Henri RecouraAuguste-René-Gaston Patouillard Gabriel HéraudA central School of Arts and Manufacture in the capital of a large country
1895René Patouillard-DemorianeAn Exhibition Palace
1896Louis-Charles-Henri PilleGustave UmbdenstockA Naval School
1897Eugène DuquesneA votive church
1898Léon ChifflotAndré ArfvidsonA palace
1899Tony GarnierHenri SirotA central bank building
1900Paul BigotThermal baths and a casino

Notes

  1. Medal of encouragement.
  2. Troisieme Prix restored in 1812.

20th century (architecture)

Year Premier Prix Deuxième Prix Troisieme Prix/
Honorable Mention
Competition project
1901Jean HulotAn American Academy
1902Henri ProstEugène ChifflotA national print house
1903Léon JausselyJean Wielhorski and Henri JoulieA public square
1904Ernest Michel HébrardPierre Leprince-RinguetA carpet manufactory
1905Camille LefèvreA water tower
1906Patrice BonnetA French college
1907Charles NicodAn observatory and scientific station
1908Charles Louis Boussois
1909Maurice BoutterinA colonial palace
1910Georges-Fernand JaninA sanatorium on the Mediterranean coast
1911René MirlandPaul TournonA monument to the glory of the independence of a large country
1912Jacques Debat-PonsanRoger-Henri ExpertA casino in a spa town
1913Roger SéassalGaston Castel
1914Albert FerranA military college
1919Jacques Carlu and Jean-Jacques HaffnerEugène-Alexandre Girardin and Louis Sollier ; André JacobA palace for the League of Nations at Geneva
1920Michel Roux-SpitzMarc Brillaud de Laujardière
1921Léon AzémaMaurice MantoutA manufactory of tapestries and art fabrics
1922Robert GiroudA large Military development college
1923Jean-Baptiste MathonGeorges FerayThe residence of the French ambassador in Marocco
1924Marcel PéchinAn institute of general botany
1925Alfred AudoulMarcel ChappeyA National School of Applied Arts
1926Jean-Baptiste HourlierA summer residence for a Chief of State
1927André LecomteAndré-Albert DubreuilAn Institute of Archaeology and Art
1928Eugène BeaudouinGaston Glorieux and Roger HummelAn embassy in a large Far Eastern country
1929Jean NiermansGermain Grange and André HiltA palace for the Institute of France
1930Achille CarlierNoël Le Maresquier and Alexandre CourtoisA college of fine arts
1931Georges DenglerGeorges BovetA French intellectual centre of propaganda abroad
1932Camille MontagnéAndré Aubert and Robert PommierA summer residence in the mountains
1933Alexandre CourtoisRobert Camelot and Charles-Gustave StoskopfA church of pilgrimage
1934André HiltGeorges Letélié and Pierre-Jean GuthA permanent exhibition of contemporary art
1935Paul DomencAn institute of intellectual cooperation
1936André RemondetGeorges Noël and Pierre LablaudeA naval museum
1937Georges NoëlOthello Zavaroni and Paul Jacques GrilloA French Pantheon
1938Henry BernardPierre Dufau and GonthierA sports organisation centre
1939Bernard ZehrfussSachs and SergentA palace of the French colonial empire
1942 (?)Raymond Gleize
1943André Chatelin and Jean Dubuisson
1944Claude BéraudHenry Pottier
1945Jean Dubuisson and Jean de Mailly jointlyPalace for the Court of Justice
1946Guillaume GilletGrand Foyer of the crews of the Fleet
1947Jacques CordonnierPaul La MacheMinistry of Arts
1948Yves Moignet
1949Paul VimondA French college
1950Jacques Perrin-FayollePoutu, Audoul and Castel jointly, Xavier Arsène-HenryA Mediterranean university
1951Louis-Gabriel de Hoÿm de MarienBergerioux and MarriageA conference and congress centre
1952Louis BlanchetPierre-André Dufétel and LevardCommunal home of a large city
1953Olivier-Clément CacoubChaudonneret and BourdonMount of Martyrs
1954Michel MarotMarty and ChauvinA centre of African Research in Kano
1955Ngô Viết ThụPouradier Duteil and MaréchalA votive sanctuary
1956Serge MenilMichel FolliassonAn Acropolis
1957Jean-Marie BrasilierDelb and RobertA Palace of Natural Science
1958Gérard CartonClaude Bach and MenartA Pantheon for Europe
1959Gérard CartonTournier and HardyAn international conference centre for drama and opera
1960Jean-Claude BernardDoucet and CacautBusiness centre of large capital city
1961Jacques LabroA monastery
1962Jean-Loup Roubert and Christian Cacault
1963Jean-Louis Girodet
1964Bernard SchoebelAn artificial island with arts centre and water sports
1965Jean-Pierre PoncabaréA foundation for the study of modern architecture
1967Daniel KahaneMichel Longuet and Aymeric Zublena(last award)A house for Europe in the event of a transformation of the center of Paris

First Prize Winners in the Painting category

17th century (painting)

18th century (painting)

19th century (painting)

20th century (painting)

  • 1901 – Laurent Jacquot-Defrance
  • 1902 – Paul Sieffert and Victor-Oscar Guétin
  • 1903 – André-Jean Monchablon and Yves Edgar Muller d'Ecars
  • 1904 – No award
  • 1905 – No award
  • 1906 – Georges Paul Leroux and François-Maurice Roganeau
  • 1907 – Louis Léon Eugène Billotey and Émile Aubry
  • 1908 – Jean Lefeuvre
  • 1909 – Pierre Bodard
  • 1910 – Jean Dupas
  • 1911 – Marco de Gastyne
  • 1912 – Gabriel Girodon
  • 1913 – No award
  • 1914 – Jean-Blaise Giraud, Jean Despujols and Robert Poughéon
  • 1915–18 – No award
  • 1919 – André Louis Pierre Rigal
  • 1920 – No award
  • 1921 – Emile-Marie Beaume and Constantin Font
  • 1922 – Pierre-Henri Ducos de La Haille
  • 1923 – Pierre Dionisi
  • 1924 – René-Marie Castaing
  • 1925 – Odette Pauvert (the first woman to receive the "First Grand Prize" in painting)
  • 1926 – No award
  • 1927 – No award
  • 1928 – Paul-Robert Bazé, Daniel-Jules-Marie Octobre and Nicolas Untersteller
  • 1929 – Alfred Giess
  • 1930 – Yves Brayer
  • 1931 – André Tondu
  • 1932 – Georges Cheyssial
  • 1933 – Roland-Marie Gérardin
  • 1934 – Pierre Emile Henri Jérôme
  • 1935 – No award
  • 1936 – Lucien Fontanarosa and Jean Pinet
  • 1937 – Pierre Robert Lucas
  • 1938 – Madeleine Lavanture
  • 1939 – Reynold Arnould
  • 1940–42 – No award
  • 1943 – Pierre-Yves Trémois and Yves Trévédy
  • 1944 – Georges Marcel Jean Pichon
  • 1945 – Pierre-Marie-Joseph Guyenot
  • 1946 – José Fabri-Canti
  • 1947 – Eliane Beaupuy
  • 1948 – François Orlandini
  • 1949 – No award
  • 1950 – Françoise Boudet and Robert Savary
  • 1951 – Daniel Sénélar
  • 1952 – Paul Guiramand
  • 1953 – André Brasilier
  • 1954 – Armand Sinko
  • 1955 – Paul Ambille
  • 1956 – Henri Thomas
  • 1957 – Arnaud d'Hauterives
  • 1958 – Raymond Humbert
  • 1959 – Arlette Budy
  • 1960 – Pierre Carron
  • 1961 – Joël Moulin
  • 1962 – Freddy Tiffou
  • 1963 – Roger Blaquière
  • 1964 – Claude-Jean Guillemot
  • 1965 – Jean-Marc Lange
  • 1966 – Gérard Barthélemy
  • 1967 – Thierry Vaubourgoin
  • 1968 – Joël Froment (last award)

First Prize Winners in the Sculpture category

17th century (sculpture)

18th century (sculpture)

19th century (sculpture)

20th century (sculpture)

  • 1901 – Henri Bouchard
  • 1902 – Alphonse Camille Terroir
  • 1903 – Eugène Désiré Piron
  • 1904 – Jean-Baptiste Larrivé
  • 1905 – Lucien Brasseur
  • 1906 – François-Maurice Roganeau
  • 1907 – Not awarded
  • 1908 – Marcel Gaumont and Henri Camille Crenier
  • 1909 – Felix Benneteau-Desgrois
  • 1910 – Louis Lejeune
  • 1911 – Lucienne Heuvelmans (the first woman to receive the "First Grand Prize")
  • 1912 – Siméon Charles Joseph Foucault
  • 1913 – Armand Martial
  • 1914 – Marc Leriche
  • 1919 – Alfred Janniot and Raymond Delamarre jointly
  • 1920 – Charles Georges Cassou
  • 1921 – Élie-Jean Vézien
  • 1922 – Jean Dominique Aubiné
  • 1923 – Louis Bertola
  • 1924 – André Augustin Sallé
  • 1925 – Victor Jules Évariste Jonchère
  • 1926 – René Letourneur
  • 1927 – Raymond Couvègnes
  • 1928 – Pierre Honoré
  • 1929 – Félix Joffre
  • 1930 – André Bizette-Lindet
  • 1931 – Louis Leygue
  • 1932 – Henri Lagriffoul
  • 1933 – Ulysse Gémignani
  • 1934 – Albert Bouquillon
  • 1935 – Claude Bouscau
  • 1936 – André Greck
  • 1937 – Raymond Granville Barger?
  • 1937 – Maurice de Bus
  • 1938 – Adolphe Charlet
  • 1939 – René Leleu
  • 1942 – Maurice Gambier d'Hurigny
  • 1943 – Lucien Fenaux
  • 1944 – Francis Pellerin
  • 1945 – Pierre Thézé
  • 1946 – Gaston Watkin
  • 1947 – Léon Bosramiez
  • 1948 – Jacques Gotard
  • 1949 – Jean Lorquin
  • 1950 – Maurice Calka
  • 1951 – Albert Féraud
  • 1952 – Henri Derycke
  • 1953 – Alain Métayer
  • 1954 – Jacqueline Bechet-Ferber
  • 1955 – Kenneth Ford
  • 1956 – Claude Goutin
  • 1957 – Cyrille Bartolini
  • 1958 – Bruno Lebel
  • 1959 – Georges Jeanclos
  • 1960 – No award
  • 1961 – Glynn Williams
  • 1961 – Georges Maurice Dyens and André Barelier jointly
  • 1962 – No award
  • 1963 – Philippe Thill and Jacqueline Deyme jointly
  • 1964 – Louis Lutz
  • 1965 – No award
  • 1966 – Joséphine Chevry
  • 1967 – Michel Fargeot and Anne Houllevigue jointly
  • 1968 – Maryse Voisin (last award)

First Prize Winners in the Engraving category

The engraving prize was created in 1804.

19th century (engraving)

  • 1804 – Claude-Louis Masquelier (first award)
  • 1805 – Nicolas-Pierre Tiolier
  • 1806 – Théodore Richomme
  • 1807 – Jacques-Édouard Gatteaux
  • 1810 – Durand
  • 1811 – Armand Corot
  • 1812 – Benjamin-Eugène Bourgeois
  • 1813 – Henri-François Brandt
  • 1814 – François Forster
  • 1815 –
  • 1816 – Jacques Joseph Coiny
  • 1817 – Joseph-Sylvestre Brun
  • 1818 – André-Benoit Taurel
  • 1819 – Ursin-Jules Vatinelle
  • 1820 – Constantin-Louis-Antoine Lorichon
  • 1823 –
  • 1824 – Antoine-François Gelée
  • 1826 – Pierre François Eugène Giraud
  • 1827 – No award
  • 1828 – Joseph-Victor Vibert
  • 1830 – Achille-Louis Martinet
  • 1831 – Eugène-André Oudiné
  • 1832 –
  • 1834 – François Augustin Bridoux and Louis Adolphe Salmon
  • 1835 – Jean-Baptiste Eugène Farochon
  • 1836 – First prize not awarded
  • 1838 – Charles-Victor Normand and Victor Florence Pollet, jointly
  • 1839 – André Vauthier
  • 1840 – Jean-Marie Saint-Eve
  • 1842 – Louis-Désiré-Joseph Delemer
  • 1843 – Louis Merley
  • 1844 – Jean-Ernest Aubert
  • 1846 – Joseph-Gabriel Tourny
  • 1848 – Jacques-Martial Devaux; Louis-Félix Chabaud (postponed from 1847)
  • 1850 – Gustave-Nicolas Bertinot
  • 1852 – Charles-Alphonse-Paul Bellay
  • 1854 – Joseph-Paul-Marius Soumy
  • 1855 – Alphée Dubois
  • 1856 – Claude-Ferdinand Gaillard
  • 1860 – Jean Lagrange
  • 1861 – Jules-Clément Chaplain
  • 1866 – Charles-Jean-Marie Degeorge
  • 1868 – Charles-Albert Waltner
  • 1869 – Arthur Soldi
  • 1870 – Achille Jacquet
  • 1872 – Daniel Dupuis
  • 1875 – Oscar Roty
  • 1878 – Louis-Alexandre Bottée; Charles Théodore Deblois
  • 1881 – Henri-Auguste-Jules Patey
  • 1883 – William Barbotin
  • 1886 – Jean Patricot
  • 1887 – Frédéric-Charles-Victor de Vernon
  • 1888 – Henri Le Riche
  • 1890 – Charles Pillet
  • 1892 – Hippolyte Lefebvre
  • 1894 – Jean Antonin Delzers
  • 1896 – Arthur Mayeur
  • 1898 – Jean Coraboeuf
  • 1899 – René Grégoire
  • 1900 – Jean Antonin Delzers

20th century (engraving)

  • 1902 – Lucien Pénat; Pierre-Victor Dautel
  • 1903 – Eugène Piron
  • 1904 – Louis Busiére
  • 1905 – Julien-Louis Mérot
  • 1906 – Henry Cheffer; Raoul Serres
  • 1908 –
  • 1910 – Jules Piel
  • 1912 –
  • 1914 – André Lavrillier
  • 1919 – Albert Decaris; Gaston Lavrillier
  • 1920 – Pierre Matossy
  • 1921 – Pierre Gandon
  • 1922 – Raymond-Jacques Brechenmacher
  • 1923 – Lucien Bazor
  • 1927 – Frederick George Austin
  • 1928 – Robert Cami ; Charles-Émile Pinson
  • 1929 – Aleth Guzman-Nageotte
  • 1930 – Jules Henri Lengrand
  • 1931 – Arthur Henderson Hall
  • 1932 – Louis Muller
  • 1934 – Paul Lemagny
  • 1935 – Albert de Jaeger
  • 1936 –
  • 1942 – Raymond Joly
  • 1945 – Raymond Tschudin
  • 1946 – Paul Guimezanes
  • 1948 – Jean Delpech
  • 1950 – Georges Arnulf
  • 1952 – Claude Durrens
  • 1957 – Émile Rousseau
  • 1960 – Jean Asselbergs ; Pierre Béquet
  • 1964 – Brigitte Courmes (the only woman to receive the "First Grand Prize" in engraving)
  • 1966 – Jean-Pierre Velly
  • 1968 – Michel Henri Viot (last award)

First Prize Winners in the Musical Composition category

19th century (musical composition)

20th century (musical composition)

Prix de Rome (Netherlands)

A Prix de Rome was also established in the Kingdom of Holland by Lodewijk Napoleon to award young artists and architects. During the years 1807–1810 prize winners were sent to Paris and onwards to Rome for study. In 1817, after the Netherlands had gained its independence, King Willem I restarted the prize; though it took until 1823 before the new "Royal Academies" of Amsterdam and Antwerp could organize the juries. Suspended in 1851 it was reinstated in 1870 by William III of the Netherlands. Since then the winners have been selected by the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam under the main headings of architecture and the visual arts.

Prix de Rome (Belgium)

The Belgian Prix de Rome (Dutch: Prijs van Rome) is an award for young artists, created in 1832, following the example of the original French Prix de Rome. The Royal Academy of Fine Arts Antwerp organised the prize until 1920, when the national government took over. The first prize is also sometimes called the Grand Prix de Rome. There were distinct categories for architecture, painting, sculpture and music.

See also

References

  1. "Grand orx". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. Gurney, James (2009). Imaginative Realism (1st ed.). Kansas City Missouri: Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-7407-8550-4.
  3. Lee, S. "Prix de Rome", Grove Dictionary of Art online
  4. Clarke, Michael. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms, Oxford University Press, 2001
  5. Moulin, Jean (2014). "Nice, cité-refuge ?". Conseil général des Alpes-Maritimes. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
  6. Lee, ibid
  7. "FAVANNE Henri Antoine de". Inventaire du département desArts graphiques. Musée du Louvre. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  8. artnet.com: Resource Library: Durameau, Louis-Jacques retrieved 25 October 2009 (in English)
  9. The Field of Cultural Production: Essays on Art and Literature, Pierre Bourdieu, p. 215, ISBN 0-231-08287-8, 1993, Columbia University Press
  10. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Regnault, Henri" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 23 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 46.
  11. The Legacy of Homer: Four Centuries of Art from the Ecole Nationale Superieure Des Beaux-arts, Paris, 2005, Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-10918-0
  12. The New International Year Book, Published 1966. Dodd, Mead and Co. P 86
  13. Grove's Fifth Edition 1954; Vol 6 p936
  14. François RASSE ON bnf
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