Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment
The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment (or PWRR, also known as 'the Tigers') is the senior English line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queen's Division, and second only in line infantry order of precedence to the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
|Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment|
(Queen's and Royal Hampshires)
Cap Badge of the Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment
|Active||9 September 1992 – present|
|Role||1st Battalion — Armoured infantry|
2nd Battalion — Light Infantry
3rd Battalion — Army Reserve
4th Battalion — Army Reserve
|Part of||Queen's Division|
|Garrison/HQ||RHQ - London |
1st Battalion - Alexander Barracks, Cyprus
2nd Battalion - Cottesmore
3rd Battalion - Canterbury
4th Battalion - Crawley
|Motto(s)||"Honi Soit Qui Mal Y'Pense".|
|March||Quick - The Farmer's Boy/Soldiers of the Queen|
Slow - The Minden Rose
|Colonel in Chief||HM Queen Margrethe II of Denmark|
|Tactical recognition flash|
The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment was formed on 9 September 1992 by the amalgamation of the Queen's Regiment and the Royal Hampshire Regiment and holds the earliest battle honour in the British Army (Tangier 1662–80). Through its ancestry via the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) (2nd Regiment of Foot), the PWRR is the most senior English line infantry regiment. The current regiment was named in honour of Diana, Princess of Wales.
Upon its creation, the Princess of Wales and the Queen of Denmark were Allied Colonels-in-Chief of the PWRR. When the Princess divorced the Prince of Wales, she resigned as Colonel-in-chief and the Queen of Denmark has remained its Colonel-in-Chief since.
The 1st Battalion served a seven-month tour of Iraq in 2004 with a second tour following in 2006, and finally a tour in 2009 where the battalion was split between Afghanistan and Iraq (last combat operation in Iraq). Many of the operations carried out by the battalion during the first tour were named after stations on the London Underground. Elements of 1 PWRR helped train the Iraqi National Army and oversaw the withdrawal of UK Forces from Basra. 1st Battalion was deployed to Afghanistan again in August 2011 to form the nucleus of the Police Mentoring Advisory Group (PMAG) with individual companies detached to other battlegroups around Helmand province. The 1st Battalion under Army 2020 will move from Paderborn, Germany to be stationed at Bulford Camp.
The regiment's 2nd Battalion were based in Shackleton Barracks, Northern Ireland, the last resident battalion deployed in this role under Operation Banner. After two years at Alexandria Barracks in Dhekelia in Cyprus, they moved to Woolwich Garrison, London, to take up a public duties role in August 2010, a role they performed for three years. 2nd Battalion deployed to Cyprus again in 2014. It remains one of the infantry units rotating between the UK and British Forces Cyprus. In August 2017, the battalion returned to the UK, based at Kendrew Barracks in Cottesmore, where they are reconfiguring two companies into a Light Mechanised Infantry force.
The regimental headquarters (RHQ) is at the Tower of London, whilst the regiment itself comprises four battalions:
- 1st Battalion — Armoured Role Infantry serving in Cyprus on a two year rotation
- 2nd Battalion — Light Infantry serving in UK The battalion will convert to a Specialised Infantry battalion, to provide an increased contribution to countering terrorism and building stability overseas.
- 3rd Battalion — Army Reserve Light Infantry serving with 11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East
- 4th Battalion — Army Reserve
The Queen's & Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment Regimental Museum is based at Dover Castle.
Victoria Cross and other decorations
Medals and awards awarded to the regiment's 1st Battalion for their service during operations in Iraq in 2004 included a Victoria Cross, two Distinguished Service Orders, two Conspicuous Gallantry Cross, one Member of the Order of the British Empire for gallantry, ten Military Crosses, and seventeen were Mentioned in Despatches, making the regiment the most highly decorated serving regiment in the British Army at that time.
- (combined battle honours of the Queen's Regiment, and the Royal Hampshire Regiment, with the following emblazoned:)
- Regimental Colours1: Tangier 1662-80, Namur 1695, Gibraltar 1704-5, Blenheim, Ramillies, Oudenarde, Malplaquet, Dettingen, Minden, Louisburg, Guadeloupe 1759, Quebec 1759, Belleisle, Tournay, Barrosa, Martinique 1762, Seringapatam, Maida, Corunna, Talavera, Albuhera, Almaraz, Vittoria, Peninsula, Punniar, Moodkee, Sobraon, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Lucknow, Taku Forts, Pekin 1860, New Zealand, Afghanistan 1879-80, Nile 1884-85, Burma 1885-87, Relief of Ladysmith, Paardeberg, South Africa 1899-1902, Korea 1950-51
- Queen's Colours: Mons, Retreat from Mons, Aisne 1914, Ypres 1914 '15 '17 '18, Hill 60, Festubert 1915, Somme 1916 '18, Albert 1916 '18, Arras 1917 '18, Cambrai 1917 '18, Hindenburg Line, Italy 1917–18, Doiran 1917-18, Landing at Helles, Gaza, Jerusalem, Palestine 1917–18, Kut al Amara 1915 '17, Mesopotamia 1915–18, North West Frontier India 1915 1916-17, Dunkirk 1940, Normandy Landing, Caen, Rhine, North-West Europe 1944-45, Abyssinia 1941, El Alamein, Tebourba Gap, Hunt's Gap, Longstop Hill, North Africa 1940–43, Sicily 1943, Salerno, Anzio, Cassino, Gothic Line, Italy 1943-45, Malta 1940–42, Malaya 1941–42, Hong Kong, Defence of Kohima, Burma 1943–45
- 1. also emblazoned:
- The Naval Crown superscribed "1st June 1794" - from the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey)
- The Sphinx superscribed "Egypt 1801" - from the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) & Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment
- The cypher of Queen Catherine "1661", (wife of Charles II), intertwined/reversed letter "C" at the base of the laurel wreath from The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey), in memory of the raising of the Regiment in 1661 when sent to garrison Tangier, part of Catherine of Braganza's dowery
- The Royal Tiger superscribed "India 1085-1826" - from the Royal Hampshire Regiment
Order of precedence
Royal Regiment of Scotland
|Infantry Order of Precedence||Succeeded by|
Duke of Lancaster's Regiment
Canada - The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment) Canada - The South Alberta Light Horse Canada - 49th (Sault Ste Marie) Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery Canada - The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada Canada - The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment Canada - 1st Battalion, Royal New Brunswick Regiment (Carleton and York) Canada - The Essex and Kent Scottish Regiment Australia - The Royal New South Wales Regiment Australia - The Royal Western Australia Regiment Australia - University of New South Wales Regiment New Zealand - Hauraki Regiment New Zealand - Waikato Mounted Rifles Pakistan - 12th, 14th, 15th, and 17th Battalions, The Punjab Regiment Royal Navy - HMS Excellent Royal Navy - 40 Commando Royal Marines - Bond of friendship France - Le 35e Régiment d'Infanterie - Bond of Friendship Denmark - Den Kongelige Livgarde - Bond of Friendship
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