Princess Marie of Prussia (1855–1888)
Princess Marie of Prussia (Marie Elisabeth Louise Frederika; 14 September 1855, Marmorpalais, Potsdam – 20 June 1888, Dresden), was a princess of the House of Hohenzollern. She was the daughter of Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia and later became second wife of Prince Henry of the Netherlands then the first wife of Prince Albert of Saxe-Altenburg. She was also the great-niece of Wilhelm I, German Emperor.
Princess Marie was the eldest daughter of Prussian field-marshal Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia (1828–1885) and his wife, Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau (1837–1906). Marie's mother was the youngest daughter of Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt and Princess Friederike of Prussia.
On 23 August 1878 Princess Marie married Prince Henry of Orange-Nassau at the Neuen Palais (1820–1879), who had since 1850 been Governor of Luxembourg and Admiralleutnant zur See. He was the third son of the King William II of the Netherlands and his wife Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia. The marriage between Marie and Henry was arranged in an attempt to save the House of Orange-Nassau from extinction. Unfortunately, it was to prove childless: barely five months later, in January 1879, Prince Henry died after contracting measles.
Six years later, on 6 May 1885, Princess Marie married Prince Albert of Saxe-Altenburg in Berlin (1843–1902), a son of Prince Eduard of Saxe-Altenburg and his second wife, Princess Luise Caroline Reuss zu Greiz. This marriage was to all reports a harmonious one and produced two children:
- Princess Olga Elisabeth Carola Victoria Maria Anna Agnes Antoinette of Saxe-Altenburg (1886–1955); married on 20 May 1913 Karl Frederick, Count of Pückler-Burghauss and Freiherr von Groditz (1886–1945).
- Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg (1888–1947); married in 1911 Heinrich XXXV, Prince von Reuss of Köstritz (1887–1936); they divorced in 1921, and Heinrich remarried to Princess Marie Adelheid of Lippe-Biesterfeld.
The princess died at Schloss Abrechtesberg in 1888 from the effects of puerperal fever and was buried in the Saxe-Altenburg family vault. Her second husband remarried in 1891 to Duchess Helene of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in Remplin (1857–1936), a niece of Friedrich Wilhelm, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and granddaughter of Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia.
Titles and styles
- 14 September 1855 – 23 August 1878: Her Royal Highness Princess Marie of Prussia
- 23 August 1878 – 6 May 1885: Her Royal Highness Princess Henry of Orange-Nassau; Princess of the Netherlands
- 6 May 1885 – 20 June 1888: Her Royal Highness Princess Albert of Saxe-Altenburg
- C. Arnold McNaughton: The Book of Kings: A Royal Genealogy, in 3 volumes (London, U.K.: Garnstone Press, 1973), volume 1, page 66. Hereinafter cited as The Book of Kings.
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