Princess Ludovika of Bavaria

Princess Ludovika of Bavaria (Marie Ludovika Wilhelmine; Mary Louise Wilhelmina; 30 August 1808 – 25 January 1892) was the sixth child of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and his second wife, Karoline of Baden, and the mother of Empress Elisabeth of Austria. She was born and died in Munich.

Princess Ludovika
Duchess in Bavaria
BornPrincess Ludovika of Bavaria
(1808-08-30)30 August 1808
Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria
Died25 January 1892(1892-01-25) (aged 83)
Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire
Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria
(m. 1828; died 1888)
IssueLudwig Wilhelm, Duke in Bavaria
Wilhelm Karl, Duke in Bavaria
Helene, Hereditary Princess of Thurn and Taxis
Elisabeth, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary
Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria
Marie Sophie, Queen of the Two Sicilies
Mathilde Ludovika, Countess of Trani
Maximilian, Duke in Bavaria
Sophie Charlotte, Duchess of Alençon
Maximilian Emanuel, Duke in Bavaria
FatherMaximilian I Joseph, King of Bavaria
MotherKaroline of Baden
ReligionRoman Catholicism



Ludovika married Maximilian Joseph, Duke in Bavaria (December 4, 1808 - November 15, 1888), whose father Duke Pius August in Bavaria was her cousin, on September 9, 1828, in Tegernsee. Ludovika was always frustrated that, unlike her elder sisters (who married kings and Austrian archdukes), she would not be marrying someone with a grand title, but rather a peculiar and childish duke who had a fondness for circuses. However, Ludovika was determined to create dynastic marriages for her daughters. She and her husband had ten children, including Empress Elisabeth of Austria and Queen Maria Sofia of the Two Sicilies.[1]


Ludwig Wilhelm, Duke in Bavaria ("Louis")21 June 18316 November 1920(1920-11-06) (aged 89)married Henriette, Freiin von Wallersee (morganatically) on 28 May 1859. They have two children included Countess Marie Larisch von Moennich.
Wilhelm Karl, Duke in Bavaria24 December 183213 February 1833(1833-02-13) (aged 0)died in childhood.
Helene Caroline Therese, Duchess in Bavaria ("Néné")4 April 183416 May 1890(1890-05-16) (aged 56)married Maximilian Anton Lamoral, Hereditary Prince of Thurn and Taxis on 24 August 1858. They have four children.
Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie, Duchess in Bavaria (Sisi)24 December 183710 September 1898(1898-09-10) (aged 60)married Franz Josef of Austria on 24 April 1854. They have four children.
Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria "Gackl"9 August 183930 November 1909(1909-11-30) (aged 70)married Sophie of Saxony 11 February 1865. They have one daughter. He remarried Maria Josepha of Portugal on 29 April 1874. They have five children.
Marie Sophie Amalie, Duchess in Bavaria4 October 184119 January 1925(1925-01-19) (aged 83)married Francis II of the Two Sicilies on 3 February 1859. They have one daughter.
Mathilde Ludovika, Duchess in Bavaria30 September 184318 June 1925(1925-06-18) (aged 81)married Lodovico, Count of Trani, son of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies on 5 June 1861. They have one daughter.
Maximilian, Duke in Bavaria8 December 18458 December 1845(1845-12-08) (aged 0)stillborn.
Sophie Charlotte Augustine, Duchess in Bavaria23 February 18474 May 1897(1897-05-04) (aged 50)married Ferdinand Philippe Marie, duc d'Alençon (1844–1910) on 28 September 1868. They have two children.
Duke Maximilian Emanuel in Bavaria "Mapperl"7 December 184912 June 1893(1893-06-12) (aged 43)married Princess Amalie of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha on 20 September 1875. They have three sons.



  1. See the biography of her son Karl-Theodor: Sexau, Richard. Fürst und Arzt, Dr. med. Herzog Carl Theodor in Bayern: Shicksal zwischen Wittelsbach und Habsburg. Graz: Verlag Styria, 1963.
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