Princess Anne Thérèse of Savoy

Anne Thérèse of Savoy (1 November 1717 – 5 April 1745) was a Savoyard princess born in Paris, France. She was the second wife of Charles de Rohan, Prince de Soubise, a military leader and friend of Louis XV.

Anne Thérèse
Princess of Soubise
Born(1717-11-01)1 November 1717
Hôtel de Soissons, Paris, France
Died5 April 1745(1745-04-05) (aged 27)
Hôtel de Soubise, Paris, France
SpouseCharles de Rohan, Prince of Soubise
Issue
Detail
Victoire, Duchess of Montbazon
Full name
Italian: Anna Teresa di Savoia
French: Anne Thérèse de Savoie
HouseHouse of Savoy-Carignano (by birth)
FatherVictor Amadeus of Savoy, Prince of Carignano
MotherMaria Vittoria Francesca of Savoy

Biography

Born at the Parisian Hôtel de Soissons, she was a member of a cadet branch of the House of Savoy. Her father was the Prince di Carignano.

Through her mother, she was a granddaughter of the then king Victor Amadeus of Sicily.[1] Her mother was Maria Vittoria Francesca, legittimata di Savoia, Marchesa di Susa, a legitimised daughter of Victor Amadeus II and his maîtresse-en-titre, Jeanne Baptiste d'Albert de Luynes.

She grew up in Paris, their parents fleeing the court of Savoy due to embarrassingly large debts. Their parents arrived in Paris during the regency of Philippe d'Orléans (1715–1723), regent of the Kingdom for the infant Louis XV.

Her husband to be was Charles de Rohan, the widower of Anne Marie Louise de La Tour d'Auvergne, a granddaughter of Marie Mancini. As head of the cadet branch of the House of Rohan, Charles bore the titles Prince de Soubise and Duke of Rohan-Rohan. He became a Marshal of France in 1758, and served as a minister to Louis XV and Louis XVI. Orphaned at the age of 9, he was a notorious libertine.

The couple married in the original (vieux) donjon of the château de Rohan in the town of Saverne on 6 November 1741. Presiding over the ceremony was the bridegroom's brother, Armand de Rohan, bishop of Strasbourg. Anne Thérèse had a step-daughter, Charlotte de Rohan, future wife of Louis Joseph de Bourbon, prince de Condé and grandmother of Louis Antoine Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Enghien, an émigré whose seizure and execution by personal order of Napoleon I would shock Europe in 1804.

Anne Thérèse died in childbirth at the Hôtel de Soubise. In December 1745, her widowed husband married again; this time to Landgravine Anna Viktoria of Hesse-Rotenburg.

Issue

NamePortraitLifespanNotes
Victoire Armande Josèphe de Rohan
Duchess de Montbazon
28 December 1743 –
20 September 1807
Born at the Hôtel de Soubise; married Henri de Rohan, Duke de Montbazon and had issue; was the governess of Madame Royale and Monsieur le Dauphin, children of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette;

Ancestry

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 1 November 1717 – 6 November 1741 Her Highness Princess Anne Thérèse of Savoy
  • 6 November 1741 – 5 April 1745 Her Highness the Princess of Soubise

References and notes

  1. The Kingdom of Sicily was exchanged for the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1720 when Anne Thérèse was three years old
  2. Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 97.

See also

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