Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex
Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex, (born Henry Charles Albert David; 15 September 1984) is a member of the British royal family. He is the younger son of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Diana, Princess of Wales, and is sixth in the line of succession to the British throne.
|Duke of Sussex (more)|
Prince Harry at the 2017 Invictus Games
|Born||15 September 1984|
London, United Kingdom
Meghan Markle (m. 2018)
|Father||Charles, Prince of Wales|
|Mother||Lady Diana Spencer|
|Years of service||2005–2015 (active service)|
|Service number||Army – 564673|
|Unit||Blues and Royals|
Army Air Corps
|Battles/wars||War in Afghanistan|
• Operation Herrick
|Royal family of|
the United Kingdom and the
other Commonwealth realms
Harry was educated at Wetherby Preparatory School, Ludgrove School and Eton College. He spent parts of his gap year in Australia and Lesotho. He then underwent officer training at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. He was commissioned as a cornet (i.e. second lieutenant) into the Blues and Royals, serving temporarily with his brother, Prince William, and completed his training as a troop leader. In 2007–08, he served for over ten weeks in Helmand, Afghanistan, but was pulled out after an Australian magazine revealed his presence there. He returned to Afghanistan for a 20-week deployment in 2012–13 with the Army Air Corps. He left the army in June 2015.
Harry launched the Invictus Games in 2014 and remains patron of its foundation. He also gives patronage to several other organisations, including the HALO Trust, the London Marathon Charitable Trust, and Walking With The Wounded. On 19 May 2018, he married the American actress Meghan Markle. Hours before the wedding, his grandmother Queen Elizabeth II conferred on him the titles Duke of Sussex, Earl of Dumbarton and Baron Kilkeel, all in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The couple's son, Archie Mountbatten-Windsor, was born on 6 May 2019.
Harry was born in the Lindo Wing of St Mary's Hospital in Paddington, London, on 15 September 1984 at 4:20 pm as the second child of Charles, Prince of Wales—heir apparent to Queen Elizabeth II—and Diana, Princess of Wales. He was baptised with the names Henry Charles Albert David, on 21 December 1984, at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Robert Runcie.
His parents announced their second son's name would officially be Prince Henry Charles Albert David, but that he would be known as Harry to his family and friends. As the prince grew up, he was referred to by Kensington Palace, and therefore the Press and the public at large, as Prince Harry. As a son of the Prince of Wales, he was called Prince Henry of Wales. Diana wanted Harry and his older brother, Prince William, to have a broader range of experiences than previous royal children. She took them to venues that ranged from Walt Disney World and McDonald's to AIDS clinics and homeless shelters. Harry began accompanying his parents on official visits at an early age; his first overseas tour was with his parents to Italy in 1985.
Harry's parents divorced in 1996. His mother died in a car crash in Paris the following year. Harry and William were staying with their father at Balmoral at the time, and the Prince of Wales told his sons about their mother's death. At his mother's funeral, Harry, then 12, accompanied his father, brother, paternal grandfather, and maternal uncle, Charles Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer, in walking behind the funeral cortège from Kensington Palace to Westminster Abbey. In a 2017 interview with The Daily Telegraph, the prince acknowledged that he sought counselling after two years of "total chaos" while struggling to come to terms with the death of his mother.
Like his father and brother, Harry was educated at independent schools. He started at London's Jane Mynors' nursery school and the pre-preparatory Wetherby School. Following this, he attended Ludgrove School in Berkshire. After passing the entrance exams, he was admitted to Eton College. The decision to place Harry at Eton went against the past practice of the Mountbatten-Windsors to send children to Gordonstoun, which Harry's grandfather, father, two uncles, and two cousins had attended. It did, however, see Harry follow in the Spencer family footsteps, as both Diana's father and brother attended Eton.
In June 2003, Harry completed his education at Eton with two A-Levels, achieving a grade B in art and D in geography, having decided to drop history of art after AS level. He excelled in sports, particularly polo and rugby union. One of Harry's former teachers, Sarah Forsyth, has asserted that Harry was a "weak student" and that staff at Eton conspired to help him cheat on examinations. Both Eton and Harry denied the claims. While a tribunal made no ruling on the cheating claim, it "accepted the prince had received help in preparing his A-level 'expressive' project, which he needed to pass to secure his place at Sandhurst."
After school, Harry took a gap year, during which he spent time in Australia working (as his father had done in his youth) on a cattle station, and participating in the Young England vs Young Australia Polo Test match. He also travelled to Lesotho, where he worked with orphaned children and produced the documentary film The Forgotten Kingdom.
Sandhurst; Blues and Royals; deployment to Afghanistan
Harry entered the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst on 8 May 2005, where he was known as Officer Cadet Wales, and joined the Alamein Company. In April 2006, Harry completed his officer training and was commissioned as a Cornet (second lieutenant) in the Blues and Royals, a regiment of the Household Cavalry in the British Army. On 13 April 2008, when he reached two years' seniority, Harry was promoted to lieutenant.
In 2006, it was announced that Harry's unit was scheduled to be deployed in Iraq the following year. A public debate ensued as to whether he should serve there. Defence Secretary John Reid said that he should be allowed to serve on the front line of battle zones. Harry agreed saying, "If they said 'no, you can't go front line' then I wouldn't drag my sorry ass through Sandhurst and I wouldn't be where I am now." The Ministry of Defence and Clarence House made a joint announcement on 22 February 2007 that Harry would be deployed with his regiment to Iraq, as part of the 1st Mechanised Brigade of the 3rd Mechanised Division – a move supported by Harry, who had stated that he would leave the army if he was told to remain in safety while his regiment went to war. He said: "There's no way I'm going to put myself through Sandhurst and then sit on my arse back home while my boys are out fighting for their country."
The head of the British army at the time, General Sir Richard Dannatt, said on 30 April 2007 that he had personally decided that Harry would serve with his unit in Iraq, and Harry was scheduled for deployment in May or June 2007, to patrol the Maysan Governorate. By 16 May, however, Dannatt announced that Harry would not serve in Iraq; concerns included Harry being a high-value target (as several threats by various groups had already been made against him) and the dangers the soldiers around him would face should any attempt be made on his life or if he was captured. Clarence House made public Harry's disappointment with the decision, though he said he would abide by it.
In early June 2007, it was reported that Harry had arrived in Canada to train alongside soldiers of the Canadian Forces and British Army, at CFB Suffield, near Medicine Hat, Alberta. It was said that this was in preparation for a tour of duty in Afghanistan, where Canadian and British forces were participating in the NATO-led Afghan War.
This was confirmed in February of the following year, when the British Ministry of Defence revealed that Harry had been secretly deployed as a Forward Air Controller to Helmand Province in Afghanistan for the previous ten weeks. The revelation came after the media – notably, German newspaper Bild and Australian magazine New Idea – breached the blackout placed over the information by the Canadian and British authorities. It was later reported that Harry helped Gurkha troops repel an attack from Taliban insurgents, and performed patrol duty in hostile areas while in Afghanistan.
His tour made Harry the first member of the Royal Family to serve in a war zone since his uncle, Prince Andrew, flew helicopters during the Falklands War. For his service, his aunt, Princess Anne, presented Harry with an Operational Service Medal for Afghanistan at the Combermere Barracks in May 2008.
Army Air Corps and second deployment to Afghanistan
In October 2008, it was announced that Harry was to follow his brother, father and uncle in learning to fly military helicopters. After passing the initial aptitude test, he was to undertake a month-long course; if he passed that, he would begin full flight training in early 2009.
Harry had to pass his flying assessment at the Army Air Corps Base (AAC), Middle Wallop, the result of which would determine whether he would continue on to train as a pilot of the Apache, Lynx, or Gazelle helicopter. Having reached the requisite standard, Harry attended the Defence Helicopter Flying School at RAF Shawbury, where he joined his brother.
Prince Charles presented him with his flying brevet (wings) on 7 May 2010 at a ceremony at the Army Air Corps Base (AAC), Middle Wallop. Harry had let it be known he intended to fly Apache attack helicopters if he was successful in passing the rigorous Apache training course. This would allow him to see active military service again on the frontline in Afghanistan.
On 10 March 2011, it was revealed that Harry had passed his Apache flying test and he was awarded his Apache Flying Badge on 14 April 2011. There was speculation he would return to Afghanistan before the withdrawal in 2015. On 16 April 2011, it was announced that Harry had been promoted to captain.
In June 2011, Clarence House announced that on completion of his training conversion course to use Apache helicopters in the war arena, Harry would be available for deployment, including in current operations in Afghanistan, as an Apache helicopter pilot. The final decision rested with the Ministry of Defence's senior commanders, including principally the Chief of the Defence Staff in consultation with the wishes of Harry, the Prince of Wales, and the Queen. In October, he was transferred to a US military base in California to complete his helicopter gunship training. This final phase included live-fire training and "environmental and judgment training" at naval and air force facilities in California and Arizona. Most of those completing the two-month Apache training were deployed to the front lines in Afghanistan. In the same month, it was reported that Harry was said to be a natural pilot who was top of his class in the extensive training he had undertaken at the Naval Air Facility, El Centro, California; while training in Southern California, he spent time in San Diego. In November 2011, Harry returned to England. He went to Wattisham Airfield in Suffolk, in the east of England, to complete his training to fly Apache helicopters.
On 7 September 2012, Harry arrived at Camp Bastion in southern Afghanistan as part of the 100-strong 662 Squadron, 3 Regiment, Army Air Corps, to begin a four-month combat tour as a co-pilot and gunner for an Apache helicopter. On 10 September, within days of arriving in Afghanistan, it was reported that the Taliban had threatened his life. Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid spoke to Reuters and was quoted as saying: "We are using all our strength to get rid of him, either by killing or kidnapping." He added, "We have informed our commanders in Helmand to do whatever they can to eliminate him."
On 21 January 2013, it was announced that Harry was returning from a 20-week deployment in Afghanistan, where he served as an Apache co-pilot/gunner. On 8 July 2013, the Ministry of Defence announced that Harry had successfully qualified as an Apache aircraft commander. Harry compared operating the Apache's weapons systems in Afghanistan to playing video games.
HQ London District and Invictus Games
On 17 January 2014, the Ministry of Defence announced that Harry had completed his attachment to 3 Regiment Army Air Corps, and would take up a staff officer role, SO3 (Defence Engagement), in HQ London District. His responsibilities would include helping to co-ordinate significant projects and commemorative events involving the Army in London. He was based at Horse Guards in central London.
On 6 March 2014, Harry launched Invictus Games, a Paralympic-style sporting event for injured servicemen and women, which was held on 10–14 September 2014. Harry met British hopefuls for the Invictus Games at Tedworth House in Wiltshire for the start of the selection process on 29 April 2014. On 15 May 2014, Harry attended a ticket sale launch for Invictus Games at BT Tower, from where he tweeted on the Invictus Games' official Twitter account as the president of the Games. To promote the Games, he was interviewed by BBC Radio 2's Chris Evans along with two Invictus Games hopefuls. He said: "This (Invictus Games) is basically my full-time job at the moment, making sure that we pull this off." The show aired on 31 July 2014. Harry later wrote an article in The Sunday Times about his experiences in Afghanistan: how they had inspired him to help injured personnel and how, after the trip to the Warrior Games, he had vowed to create the Invictus Games. Harry and officials attended the British Armed Forces Team announcement for Invictus Games at Potters Field Park in August 2014. As president of the Invictus Games, he attended all events related to the Games from 8 to 14 September 2014.
In January 2015, it was reported that Harry would take a new role in supporting wounded service personnel by working alongside members of the London District's Personal Recovery Unit for the MOD's Defence Recovery Capability scheme to ensure that wounded personnel have adequate recovery plans. The palace confirmed weeks later that the scheme was established in partnership with Help for Heroes and the Royal British Legion.
In late January 2015, Harry visited The Battle Back Centre set up by the Royal British Legion, and Fisher House UK at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham. A partnership between Help for Heroes, the Fisher House Foundation and the Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham (QEHB) Charity created the Centre. Fisher House Foundation is one of the Invictus Games' sponsors.
In February and March 2015, Harry visited Phoenix House in Catterick Garrison, North Yorkshire, a recovery centre run by Help for Heroes. He also visited Merville Barracks in Colchester, where Chavasse VC House Personnel Recovery Centre is located, run by Help for Heroes in partnership with the Ministry of Defence and Royal British Legion.
Secondment to Australian Defence Force and end of active service
On 17 March 2015, Kensington Palace announced that Harry would leave the Armed Forces in June. Before then, he would spend four weeks throughout April and May at army barracks in Darwin, Perth and Sydney whilst seconded to the Australian Defence Force (ADF). After leaving the Army, while considering his future, he would return to work in a voluntary capacity with the Ministry of Defence, supporting Case Officers in the Ministry's Recovery Capability Programme. He would be working with both those who administer and receive physical and mental care within the London District area.
On 6 April 2015, Harry reported for duty to Australia's Chief of the Defence Force, Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin at the Royal Military College, Duntroon in Canberra, Australia. Harry flew to Darwin later that day to begin his month-long secondment to the ADF's 1st Brigade. His visit included detachments to NORFORCE as well as to an aviation unit. While in Perth, he trained with Special Air Service Regiment (SASR), participating in the SASR selection course, including a fitness test and a physical training session with SASR selection candidates. He also joined SASR members in Perth for live-fire shooting exercises with numerous Special Forces weapons at a variety of ranges. Harry completed an insertion training exercise using a rigid-hull inflatable boat. In Sydney, he undertook urban operations training with the 2nd Commando Regiment. Training activities included remotely detonating an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) and rappelling from a building. He also spent time flying over Sydney as co-pilot of an Army Black Hawk helicopter and participated in counter-terrorism training in Sydney Harbour with Royal Australian Navy clearance divers.
Since leaving active service with the army, Harry has been closely involved with the armed forces through the Invictus Games, honorary military appointments and other official engagements. On 19 December 2017 he succeeded his grandfather Prince Philip as the Captain General of the Royal Marines. In May 2018, he was promoted to the substantive ranks of Lieutenant Commander of the Royal Navy, Major of the British Army and Squadron Leader of the Royal Air Force.
Public role and appearances
On 6 January 2009, the Queen granted Harry and William their own royal household. Previously, William and Harry's affairs had been handled by their father's office at Clarence House in central London. The new household released a statement announcing they had established their own office at nearby St James's Palace to look after their public, military and charitable activities.
In March 2012, Harry led an official visit to Belize as part of the Queen's Diamond Jubilee celebrations. He continued to the Bahamas and Jamaica, where the Prime Minister, Portia Simpson-Miller, was considering severing ties between Jamaica and the constitutional monarchy. He then visited Brazil to attend the GREAT Campaign.
Between 9 and 15 May 2013, he made an official visit to the United States. The tour promoted the rehabilitation of injured American and UK troops, publicised his own charities and supported British interests. It included engagements in Washington, DC, Colorado, New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut. He met survivors of Hurricane Sandy in New Jersey. In October 2013, he visited Australia for his first official visit to the country and attended the International Fleet Review at Sydney Harbour. He also paid a visit to the Australian SAS HQ in Perth.
In May 2014, he visited Estonia and Italy. In Estonia, he visited Freedom Square in the capital Tallinn to honour fallen Estonian soldiers. He also attended a reception at the Estonian Parliament and a NATO military exercise. In Italy, Harry attended commemorations of the 70th anniversary of the Monte Cassino battles, in which Polish, Commonwealth and British troops fought. On 6 November 2014, he opened the Field of Remembrance at Westminster Abbey, a task usually performed by Prince Philip.
Before reporting for duty to the Australian Defence Force (ADF), Harry visited the Australian War Memorial in Canberra on 6 April 2015. On 7 May 2015, he made a farewell walkabout at the Sydney Opera House and visited Macquarie University Hospital. On 24–25 April 2015, he joined his father in Turkey to attend commemorations of the centenary of the Gallipoli Campaign.
From 30 November to 3 December 2015, he made an official visit to South Africa. He visited Cape Town, where he presented the Order of the Companions of Honour to the Archbishop on behalf of the Queen.
He visited Nepal 19–23 March 2016. He stayed until the end of March 2016 to help rebuild a secondary school with Team Rubicon UK, and visited a Hydropower Project in Central Nepal.
In April 2018, he was appointed Commonwealth youth ambassador. Also that month, Harry became a patron of Walk of America, a campaign which brings together a number of veterans who will take part in a 1,000-mile expedition across the US in mid-2018. The Prince was appointed the president of the Queen's Commonwealth Trust, which focuses on projects involving children and welfare of prisoners, in April. Also in April 2018, Harry was selected as one of the 100 Most Influential People in the World by Time magazine.
In April 2019, it was announced that he was working on a documentary series about mental health together with Oprah Winfrey, which is set to air in 2020.
At the age of 21, Harry was appointed a Counsellor of State and began his duties in that capacity. In 2006, he was in Lesotho to visit Mants'ase Children's Home near Mohale's Hoek, which he first toured in 2004. Along with Prince Seeiso of Lesotho, he launched Sentebale: The Princes' Fund for Lesotho, a charity to aid children orphaned by HIV/AIDS. He has granted his patronage to organisations including WellChild, Dolen Cymru, and MapAction.
On 26 November 2015, as patron of Sentebale, Harry travelled to Lesotho to attend the opening of the Mamohato Children's Centre. Two days later Harry played the Sentebale Royal Salute Polo Cup, at Val de Vie Estate in Cape Town, South Africa, fundraising for Sentebale.
Sport has been a way that Harry has helped charities and other organisations. This has included training as a Rugby Development Officer for the Rugby Football Union in 2004 and coaching students in schools to encourage them to learn the sport. He is the patron of the Rugby Football League, Rugby League's governing body in England. Like his brother and father, he has participated in polo matches to raise money for charitable causes.
As patron of Walk of Britain, he walked with the team on 30 September and 20 October 2015. On 28 October 2015, he carried out one day of engagements in the US. He launched the Invictus Games Orlando 2016 with First Lady Michelle Obama and Dr. Jill Biden at Fort Belvoir. He later attended an Invictus Games board meeting and a reception to celebrate the launch at the British Ambassador's Residence.
The Royal Foundation
In September 2009, William and Harry set up The Foundation of Prince William and Prince Harry to enable the princes to take forward their charitable ambitions. In June 2019, it was announced that the Duke and Duchess of Sussex would split from the charity and establish their own charity foundation by the end of 2019. The couples will reportedly collaborate on mutual projects, such as the mental health initiative Heads Together. In July 2019, Harry and Meghan's new charity was registered in England and Wales under the title "Sussex Royal The Foundation of The Duke and Duchess of Sussex".
To raise awareness for HIV testing, Harry took a test live on the royal family Facebook page on 14 July 2016. He later attended the 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa, on 21 July 2016. On World Aids Day, Harry and Rihanna helped publicise HIV testing by taking the test themselves.
In July 2018, the Elton John AIDS Foundation announced that the Duke of Sussex and British singer Elton John were about to launch a global coalition called MenStar that would focus "on treating HIV infections in men". During his trip to Angola in 2019, the Duke visited the Born Free to Shine project in Luanda, an initiative by First Lady Ana Dias Lourenço which aims to "prevent HIV transmission from mothers to babies" through education, medical testing and treatment. He also met HIV+ youth and teenagers during his visit.
Natural environment and climate change
On 27 December 2017, Harry was officially appointed the new president of African Parks, a conservation NGO. He previously spent three weeks in Malawi with African Parks where he joined a team of volunteers and professionals to carry out one of the largest elephant translocations in history. The effort to repopulate areas decimated due to poaching and habitat loss moved 500 elephants from Liwonde and Majete National Parks to Nkhotakota Wildlife Reserve.
In March 2019 Prince Harry gave a speech at WE Day UK, an annual event powered by We Charity to inspire young people to become more active towards global social and environmental change. He discussed mental health, climate change and the importance of social participation. Harry attended a Google summit in August 2019 and gave a speech on the importance of tackling climate change in Sicily. He explained that he and Meghan plan to have no more than 2 children to help sustain the environment. Later that month, the Duke and Duchess of Sussex were criticised by environmental campaigners for using private jets regularly when taking their personal trips abroad, which would leave more carbon footprint per person compared to commercial planes. The criticism was in line with the reactions the royal family faced in June 2019, after it was revealed that they "had doubled [their] carbon footprint from business travel." In September, the Duke launched Travalyst during his visit to the Netherlands after two years of development. The initiative is set "to encourage sustainable practices in the travel industry" and "tackle climate change and environmental damage", in collaboration with a number of companies.
During his visit to the Luengue-Luiana National Park in Angola in September 2019, the Duke unveiled an initiative by the Queen's Commonwealth Canopy to help with protecting "an ancient elephant migration route" by proving safe passage for them in the forest.
Harry enjoys playing many sports, including competitive polo, skiing, and motocross. He is a supporter of Arsenal Football Club. Harry is also a keen Rugby Union fan and supported England's bid to host the 2015 Rugby World Cup.
Harry earned a reputation in his youth for being rebellious, leading the tabloid press to label him a "wild child". At age 17 he was seen smoking cannabis and partaking in underage drinking with his friends, and clashing physically with paparazzi outside nightclubs. He was photographed at Highgrove House at a "Colonial and Native" themed costume party wearing a Nazi German Afrika Korps uniform with a swastika armband. He later issued a public statement apologising for his behaviour.
In January 2009, the British tabloid, the News of the World, revealed a video made by Harry three years earlier in which he referred to a Pakistani fellow officer cadet as "our little Paki friend" and called a soldier wearing a cloth on his head a "raghead". These terms were described by Leader of the Opposition David Cameron as "unacceptable", and by The Daily Telegraph as "racist". A British Muslim youth organisation called Harry a "thug". Clarence House immediately issued an apology from Harry, who stated that no malice was intended in his remarks. Former British MP and Royal Marine, Rod Richards, said that such nicknames were common amongst military comrades, stating "in the Armed Forces people often used to call me Taffy. Others were called Yankie, Oz or Kiwi or whatever. I consider Paki as an abbreviation for Pakistani. I don't think on this occasion it was intended to be offensive."
While on holiday in Las Vegas in August 2012, Harry and an unknown young woman were photographed naked in a Wynn Las Vegas hotel room, reportedly during a game of strip billiards. The pictures were leaked by American celebrity website TMZ on 21 August 2012, and reported worldwide by mainstream media on 22 August 2012. The photographs were shown by the American media, but British media were reluctant to publish them. Royal aides suggested Clarence House would contact the Press Complaints Commission (PCC) if British publications used the pictures. St James's Palace confirmed that Harry was in the photographs, saying that he was essentially a victim whose privacy had been invaded and contacted the PCC upon hearing that a number of British newspapers were considering publishing the photographs. On 24 August 2012, The Sun newspaper published the photographs.
In May 2019, Splash News issued a formal apology to Harry and his wife for sending photographers to their Cotswolds residence, which put their privacy at risk. The agency also agreed to pay a "substantial" sum of damages and legal costs associated with the case. In September 2019, Harry and Meghan employed the libel lawyers Schillings to represent them in a High Court claim against The Mail on Sunday over alleged misuse of private information, infringement of copyright and breach of the Data Protection Act 2018. A Mail on Sunday spokesman said the paper stood by the story and would defend the case "vigorously". Later in October, it was announced that Harry had sued The Sun, the Daily Mirror and the now-defunct News of the World "in relation to alleged phone-hacking".
Chelsy Davy, the daughter of Zimbabwean, South Africa-based businessman Charles Davy, was referred to as Harry's girlfriend in an interview conducted for his 21st birthday, and Harry said he "would love to tell everyone how amazing she is but once I start talking about that, I have left myself open.... There is truth and there is lies and unfortunately I cannot get the truth across." Davy was present when Harry received his Operational Service Medal for Afghanistan and also attended his graduation ceremony when he received his flying wings from his father. In early 2009, it was reported the pair had parted ways after a relationship that had lasted for five years.
In May 2012, Harry was introduced to Cressida Bonas, granddaughter of Edward Curzon, 6th Earl Howe, by his cousin Princess Eugenie. On 30 April 2014, it was reported that the couple had parted amicably.
Marriage and fatherhood
On 8 November 2016, Kensington Palace confirmed that Harry was "a few months" into a relationship with American actress Meghan Markle, in a statement from the prince asking for the "abuse and harassment" of Markle and her family to end. In September 2017, they made their first public appearance at an official royal engagement, the opening ceremonies of the Invictus Games in Toronto.
On 27 November 2017, Clarence House and Kensington Palace announced that Harry and Markle were engaged. The engagement announcement prompted much comment about the possible social significance of Meghan Markle becoming a mixed-race royal. The couple married at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, on 19 May 2018.
The Duke and Duchess initially lived at Nottingham Cottage in London, in the grounds of Kensington Palace. The couple later moved to Frogmore Cottage in the Home Park of Windsor Castle. The couple drew criticism in 2019 when it was revealed that Frogmore Cottage had been renovated for them at a cost of £2.4 million "to the taxpayer". Their office was moved to Buckingham Palace. As part of setting up their separate office or 'court' in 2019, the Duke and Duchess created an Instagram social media account, which broke the record for fastest account to reach 1 million followers.
On 6 May 2019, the couple's first child Archie Mountbatten-Windsor was born, who is seventh in line to the throne.
Suggested as monarch of Commonwealth realms
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 1984–2018: His Royal Highness Prince Henry of Wales
- 2018–present: His Royal Highness The Duke of Sussex
On the morning of his wedding he was granted by the Queen the Dukedom of Sussex, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, first conferred in 1801 upon Prince Augustus Frederick, the sixth son of King George III, referring to the English county. At the same time he was also granted two subsidiary titles, both also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom: Earl of Dumbarton, a recreated ancient title formerly in the Peerage of Scotland, and Baron Kilkeel, a new title providing the Prince with a nominal territorial link to Northern Ireland, one of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom. He is known familiarly as Prince Harry.
On 4 June 2015, as part of the 2015 Special Honours, Harry was knighted by his grandmother, the Queen, for "services to the sovereign", being appointed a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO).
- 4 June 2015: Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO)
- 6 February 2002: Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal
- 5 May 2008: Operational Service Medal for Afghanistan
- 6 February 2012: Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal
- Foreign honours
- 13 October 2018: Personal Aide-de-Camp to Her Majesty The Queen (ADC)
Honorary military appointments
10 November 2009 – present: Canadian Ranger
Harry's charitable efforts have been recognised three times by the international community. In December 2010, the German charity Ein Herz für Kinder ("A Heart for Children") awarded him the Golden Heart Award, in recognition of his "charitable and humanitarian efforts". On 7 May 2012, the Atlantic Council awarded him its Distinguished Humanitarian Leadership Award. In August 2018, the Royal Canadian Legion granted him the 2018 Founders Award for his role in founding the Invictus Games.
Agnatically, Harry is a member of the House of Glücksburg, a cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg, one of Europe's oldest royal houses. Harry's paternal grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II, issued letters patent on 8 February 1960 declaring his father to be a member of the House of Windsor.
Ancestors on Harry's father's side include most of the royal families of Europe, and on his mother's side, the Earls Spencer.
|Ancestors of Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex|
- Harry does not normally use a surname, such as Mountbatten-Windsor. In his military career, he used the surname Wales.
- He was officially styled Prince Henry of Wales from birth until his marriage, but is known as Prince Harry. Harry is a diminutive form for Henry.
- Rumours that Harry is the son of James Hewitt, with whom his mother had an affair, have been denied by Hewitt. Hewitt said, "I must state once and for all that I'm not Harry's father. When I met Diana, he was already a toddler." Diana's police bodyguard Ken Wharfe and her butler Paul Burrell agreed that Hewitt and Diana did not meet until after Harry's birth.
- Harry had five godparents: Prince Andrew (his paternal uncle); Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones (his paternal first cousin once removed); Carolyn Bartholomew (née Pride); Bryan Organ; Gerald Ward (former officer in the Household Cavalry); and Celia, Lady Vestey (née Knight).
- "Prince Harry". The Royal Household. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- "Patronages". Prince Harry. British Royal Family. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
- "Princess Di gives birth to boy". The Evening News. London. Associated Press. 16 September 1984. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Prince Harry – Biography". Office of the Prince of Wales. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
- "Hewitt denies Prince Harry link". BBC News. 21 September 2002. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- "New controversial Princess Diana play asks 'Is James Hewitt Prince Harry's real father?'". Mirror Group. 28 December 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
- Khan, Shehab (14 May 2017). "Princess Diana's former lover, James Hewitt, 'fighting for his life' after heart attack and stroke". The Independent. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
- "Royal Christenings". Yvonne's Royalty Home Page. Archived from the original on 6 August 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
- Smith, Terry; Rosemary Thorpe-Tracey (14 January 1985). "A Windsor War". People. 23 (2). Retrieved 6 June 2013.
- "Why is Prince Harry called Harry when his name is Henry?". 24 April 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
- "Prince Harry". People. Retrieved 15 October 2008.
- "The Prince of Wales – At Work – Countries Visited". Clarence House. Archived from the original on 2 February 2009. Retrieved 15 October 2008.
- "Timeline: How Diana Died". London: BBC. 30 August 1997. Retrieved 11 April 2008.
- "BBC ON THIS DAY – 6–1997: Diana's funeral watched by millions". London: BBC. 6 September 1997. Retrieved 26 March 2009.
- Furness, Hannah (16 April 2017). "Prince Harry: I sought counselling after 20 years of not thinking about the death of my mother, Diana, and two years of total chaos in my life" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- "Prince William in pictures". The Telegraph. London. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
- "What is it like at Eton College?". BBC News. London. 4 July 2005. Retrieved 11 October 2009.
- "Prince Harry's A-level results". BBC News. London. 14 August 2003. Retrieved 11 October 2009.
- "A Royal Brush with the Olympics". BBC America. July–August 2012. Archived from the original on 11 October 2013. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
He's not an Olympian, but Prince Harry is a top tier athlete, playing competitive polo and rugby. While attending Sandhurst Military Academy Harry played polo for the army, and in 2004 trained as a Rugby Development Officer for the Rugby Football Union
- Morris, Steven (10 May 2005). "Prince Harry, a weak student who was helped to cheat in exam, says ex-teacher". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
- Alleyne, Richard (10 May 2005). "'Teacher did Prince Harry's exam paintings'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
- "Prince Harry denies exam cheat allegation". The Daily Telegraph. 10 October 2004. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
- Maley, Jacqueline (14 February 2006). "£45,000 damages for teacher who accused Prince Harry of cheating". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
- "The Prince of Wales – Prince Harry – Interests". Clarence House. Archived from the original on 16 June 2008. Retrieved 15 October 2008.
- "Harry begins Sandhurst training". BBC News. 8 May 2005. Retrieved 16 October 2008.
- "No. 58667". The London Gazette (Supplement). 15 April 2008. p. 5736.
- "Reid defends Harry in service row". BBC News. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- Witchell, Nicholas (22 February 2007). "Harry Iraq deployment no surprise". BBC News. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
- "Harry 'loves wonderful Camilla'". BBC News. 7 October 2005. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "British army chief: Prince Harry to Iraq". NBC News. Associated Press. 30 April 2007. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
- Hilder, James (27 April 2007). "A 'Wild West' in the east where militias learn their deadly trade". The Times. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
- "Prince Harry will not go to Iraq". CNN. 17 May 2007. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
- "Prince Harry deployment update". Clarence House. 16 May 2007. Archived from the original on 28 September 2008. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
- "Prince Harry may be training in Alberta: reports". CTV. 2 June 2007. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
- "Prince Harry on Afghan front line". BBC News. 28 February 2008. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
- Associated Press (28 February 2008). "Prince Harry on front line in Afghanistan". NBC News. Retrieved 28 February 2008.
- Gammell, Caroline (28 February 2008). "How the Prince Harry blackout was broken". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
- "Prince Harry Biography – New Idea". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on 4 March 2008. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
- Audrey, Gillian; Tran, Mark; Walker Peter (28 February 2008). "Harry secretly serving in Afghanistan". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
- "Prince Harry in Taliban gun battle". The Daily Telegraph. 28 February 2008. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
- "On patrol with Prince Harry". The Daily Telegraph. 28 February 2008. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
- Katie Nicholl (2010). William and Harry. Weinstein Books. pp. 242–243. ISBN 978-1-60286-140-4.
- Patrick Winn (15 March 2008). "F-15 pilots recall airstrike directed by Prince Harry". USA Today. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
- Pierce, Andrew (5 May 2008). "Prince Harry receives Afghan medal". Telegraph.co.uk.
- "Prince Harry aims to become pilot". London: BBC. 27 October 2008. Retrieved 27 October 2008.
- "Prince Harry volunteers for Army helicopter pilot selection". Ministry of Defence. 27 October 2008. Archived from the original on 1 November 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
- "Princes enjoy RAF Shawbury". BBC. June 2009. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
- "Prince Harry awarded provisional flying wings by Prince of Wales". The Daily Telegraph. London. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- "Prince Harry Fast Facts". CNN. 14 September 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
James McConnachie (5 April 2012). The Rough Guide to the Royals. Rough Guides. p. 55. ISBN 978-1-4093-6010-0.
- Nikkhah, Roya (17 April 2011). "Prince Harry promoted to captain in Army". The Daily Telegraph. UK. Retrieved 17 April 2011.
- Collins, Nick (16 June 2011). "Prince Harry to return to Afghanistan". The Daily Telegraph. UK. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
- Grieco, Sarah (13 October 2011). "Prince Harry Arrives in El Centro". KNSD. San Diego. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
- Martinez, Michael (7 October 2011). "Prince Harry arrives at U.S. base for live-fire helicopter training". CNN. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
- "Prince Harry 'top of class' in US helicopter training". The Daily Telegraph. UK. 19 October 2011. Retrieved 24 October 2011.
- Guerin, Michelle (10 October 2011). "Prince Harry parties at San Diego clubs". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
Kelly, Cara (11 October 2011). "Prince Harry parties at San Diego night club". Washington Post. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
Stickney, R (13 October 2011). "Prince Harry Parties at a Gaslamp Club". KNSD. San Diego. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
Meanley, Erin (21 November 2011). "Prince Harry Tracker". San Diego Magazine. SDM, LLC. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
Rainey, Sarah (22 October 2011). "Prince Harry 'dating Californian cocktail waitress'". The Daily Telegraph. United Kingdom. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
- Foster, Max (29 November 2011). "Prince Harry returns to England after U.S. training". CNN. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- "Prince Harry deployed to Afghanistan". BBC News. 7 September 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
- "Prince Harry in Afghanistan flying Apache copters". Yahoo News. Associated Press. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
- "Afghan Taliban threaten to kidnap and kill Prince Harry". Reuters. 10 September 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
- "UK's Prince Harry returns from Afghanistan". Associated Press. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- "Prince Harry, known in the British Army as Captain Harry Wales, has qualified as an Apache aircraft commander". British Government. 8 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
- "Prince Harry 'driving wedge between forces and Afghan locals'". The Daily Telegraph. 22 January 2013.
- "Taliban retaliate after Prince Harry compares fighting to a video game", The Guardian, 22 January 2013.
- "Prince Harry ends his attachment to Army Air Corps". British Government. 17 January 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
- "Prince Harry launches Paralympic-style games for soldiers". News (UK). BBC. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
- "Prince Harry visits Tedworth House for Invictus Games trials". News and Diary. The Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
- Rayner, Gordon (15 May 2014). "Prince Harry sends his first tweet – slowly". Telegraph.co.uk.
- "Prince Harry: Organising Invictus Games 'a real struggle'". BBC.
- "Bloody but unbowed – and rebuilt by sport". The Sunday Times.
- "Prince Harry urges British team to 'beat everybody else' in Invictus Games". The Telegraph.
- "130 British Heroes Go for Gold at Prince Harry's Invictus Games". The Invictus Games Official Website.
- "IAM Invictus Games 2014", The official website of the British Monarchy
- "Prince Harry 'set to leave armed forces this year'", ITV News
- "Prince Harry Takes a New Army Role Helping Injured Soldiers", The People, archived from the original on 3 February 2015
- Williams, Julia. "Prince Harry Visits the Battle Back Centre". Leeds Beckett University News. Leeds Beckett University. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
- "Prince Harry visits Fisher House UK in Edgbaston to show his support for our Nation's Heroes", Birmingham Updates, archived from the original on 3 February 2015
- Invictus Games, The Fisher House Foundation
- "Chavasse VC". Help For Heroes. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
- "Prince Harry to leave Army in June". BBC News. 17 March 2015. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- "Prince Harry to leave the Army in June". BBC News. 17 March 2015.
- "Prince Harry to leave the Armed Forces". Prince of Wales official website. 17 March 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- "Prince Harry arrives in Australia". Prince of Wales official website. 6 April 2015. Archived from the original on 10 April 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- "Prince Harry 'not on traditional royal tour' as Captain Wales joins Australian Defence Force". IBTimes UK. 7 April 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- "Prince Harry's Australian military attachment captured in series of photos released by ADF". Retrieved 11 November 2017.
- "Captain Wales concludes his attachment with the ADF". ADF. 8 May 2015. Archived from the original on 22 June 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "An update from Kensington Palace". Prince of Wales official website. 19 June 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
- "No. 61319". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 August 2015. p. 14838.
- "Prince Harry is Appointed Captain General Royal Marines". Royal Family Official Site.
- "No. 62328". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 June 2018. pp. 10856–10862.
- "A new Household for His Royal Highness Prince William of Wales and His Royal Highness Prince Henry of Wales". The Prince of Wales – Media Centre. Clarence House. 6 January 2009. Retrieved 28 May 2009.
- "Prince Harry arrives in Belize at the start of his Diamond Jubilee tour on behalf of The Queen". Prince of Wales. 2 March 2012. Archived from the original on 9 August 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
- Harris, Carolyn (5 March 2012). "Royals of the Caribbean 2: Prince Harry is Partying with a Purpose in Belize, the Bahamas, Jamaica and Brazil". Royal Historian. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
- "Prince Harry praises UK and Brazil bonds". BBC News. 10 March 2012.
- "Prince Harry to tour US to promote troops' rehabilitation". BBC News. 25 March 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
- Kirka, Danica (25 March 2013). "Prince Harry to visit US, skipping Vegas this time". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
- "Prince Harry Celebrates Navy Centenary in Oz". Sky News. 5 October 2013.
- "Prince Harry visits HQ of Australian SAS in Perth". BBC. 6 October 2013.
- "Prince Harry pays tribute to Estonia's soldiers during visit". BBC News. 16 May 2014.
- "Prince Harry meets Estonian troops during Nato training exercise". BBC News. 17 May 2014.
- "Prince Harry commemorates sacrifice of Polish soldiers who captured Monte Cassino". The Daily Telegraph. 18 May 2014.
- "Prince Harry honours the Monte Cassino fallen troops killed in Italy battle". The Daily Telegraph. 18 May 2014.
- "Prince Harry meets Afghan war widow at Fields of Remembrance event". The Daily Telegraph.
- "Prince Philip reunited with pilot he saved in Pacific during WW2". The Daily Telegraph.
- "Prince Harry farewells Australia, greets fans at Sydney Harbour". ABC. 7 May 2015.
- "Prince Harry thanks Australia for its warm welcome". Prince of Wales Website. 7 May 2015. Archived from the original on 15 May 2015.
- "Gallipoli100 and ANZAC100 commemorations". British Monarchy Website.
- "Programme details for Prince Harry's tour of Lesotho and South Africa". Prince of Wales website.
- "Prince Harry Gives Top Honour To Tutu". Sky News. Archived from the original on 3 December 2015.
- "Prince Harry welcomed in Pokhara – The Himalayan Times". 4 February 2018. Archived from the original on 30 March 2016.
- "Prince Harry coming back to Kathmandu today". 4 February 2018. Archived from the original on 13 April 2016.
- James, William. "Prince Harry promises to listen as he starts new Commonwealth job". U.K. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
- Perry, Simon (11 April 2018). "Prince Harry Charms Veterans as U.S. Ambassador Says Royal Wedding 'Is Going to Be Unbelievable'". People. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- "Prince Harry launches 'Walk of America' as he becomes patron of expedition". ITV. 11 April 2018. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- Griffiths, Emmy (12 April 2018). "The Queen has given Prince Harry the ultimate gift". Hello!. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- John, Elton. "Prince Harry Is on the TIME 100 List". Time. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
- Robinson, Matthew; Respers France, Lisa (10 April 2019). "Prince Harry and Oprah are making a documentary series about mental health for Apple". CNN. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "Prince Harry to become Patron of three charities" (Press release). Clarence House. 28 March 2007. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- "'Mamohato Children's Centre is officially opened". Sentebale. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
- "Prince Harry plays in Polo Cup in Cape Town". Sentebale. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
- "Welcome to our new patron – Prince Harry". rugby-league.com. 5 July 2017.
- "A speech by Prince Harry at the Sentebale Polo Cub, Abu Dhabi". Retrieved 6 January 2018.
- "Prince Harry joins injured veterans' trek in Shropshire". BBC. 30 September 2015.
- "Prince Harry surprises villagers on Walk of Britain trek". BBC. 20 October 2015.
- "PRINCE HARRY JOINS FIRST LADY MICHELLE OBAMA AND DR. BIDEN TO OFFICIALLY LAUNCH INVICTUS GAMES ORLANDO 2016". Invictus Games Foundation. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
- "Prince Harry to promote Invictus Games in meeting with Barack Obama". The Daily Telegraph. 28 October 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
- "The Foundation of Prince William and Prince Harry". Prince of Wales. 2 October 2011. Archived from the original on 16 February 2010. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "The Foundation of Prince William and Prince Harry". Royal wedding 2011.info. 29 April 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "The Foundation of Prince William and Prince Harry Celebrity Supporters & Events". Look to the stars.org. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- Foster, Max; Britton, Bianca (20 June 2019). "Meghan and Harry split from joint charity with William and Kate". CNN. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
- Furness, Hannah (20 June 2019). "Royal charity split: Duke and Duchess of Sussex to leave Royal Foundation". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
- "The Duke and Duchess of Sussex have named their royal foundation". Harper's Bazaar. 19 July 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
- "Prince Harry Takes HIV Test Live on Facebook to Promote Awareness". TIME.
- "Prince Harry attends AIDS 2016". International AIDS Conference YouTube Channel.
- Senthilingam, Meera (21 July 2016). "Prince Harry follows Diana's footsteps to fight AIDS". CNN. Retrieved 2 September 2019.
- "Prince Harry and Rihanna get tested for HIV on World Aids Day". ITV.
- Gumuchian, Marie-Louise (12 July 2018). "Prince Harry, Elton John to launch coalition against HIV in men". Reuters. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
- Scobie, Omid (26 July 2018). "Inside Prince Harry's Plan to 'Smash' the AIDS Stigma and Get More Men Testing for HIV". Harper's Bazaar. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
- Petit, Stephanie (29 September 2019). "Prince Harry Continues Princess Diana's Legacy by Meeting with a Group of HIV+ Teens in Angola". People. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
- "The Country That Brought its Elephants Back from the Brink". BBC. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- "New Photos, Video Show Prince Harry Saving Elephants in Africa". ABC. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- "Meghan Markle Made a Surprise Appearance With Prince Harry". Time. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
- "Prince Harry surprises crowd, brings Duchess Meghan on stage for WE Day appearance". USA TODAY. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
- "Big problem with Prince Harry's speech at mysterious summit". news.com.au. 1 August 2019. Retrieved 2 September 2019.
- Webster, Ben (19 August 2019). "Prince Harry used private jet twice in a week after climate talks". The Times. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
- Britton, Bianca (20 August 2019). "Harry and Meghan branded hypocrites for using private jets". CNN. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
- Guy, Jack (3 September 2019). "Prince Harry launches sustainable travel initiative after private jet criticism". CNN. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
- "Prince Harry Unveils New Conservation Project in Angola". Harper's Bazaar. 28 September 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
- "Famous Football Fans". Archived from the original on 26 June 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- "Prince Harry backs England bid for Rugby World Cup". The Telegraph. London. 16 May 2009. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- Majendie, Paul (1 March 2008). "Prince Harry: Wild child turned war hero". Reuters. Retrieved 16 October 2008.
- "Harry says sorry for Nazi costume". BBC News. London. 13 January 2005. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
- "Harry public apology 'not needed'". BBC News. London. 14 January 2005. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
- "Prince Harry's 'Paki' comments 'completely unacceptable', says David Cameron" The Daily Telegraph, 11 January 2009
- "Prince's racist term sparks anger". BBC News. 11 January 2009.
- Byron, Katy (11 January 2009). "Britain's Prince Harry apologizes for offensive language". CNN. Retrieved 11 January 2009.
- Dagnell, Andrew (13 July 2009). "Former Tory leader Rod Richards defends Prince Harry's use of 'Paki'". WalesOnline. Retrieved 1 February 2009.
- "Prince Harry naked photos during Vegas rager". TMZ. 21 August 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- Payne, Ed (22 August 2012). "Naked photos of Prince Harry surface in Las Vegas". CNN. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- "Naked Prince Harry photos published online". BBC News. 22 August 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- "Prince Harry's naked photos shrugged off in the U.K." National Post. Associated Press. 22 August 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- Jobson, Robert (22 August 2012). "Nude Harry photos: How UK tabloids lost their sting". CNN. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- Halliday, Josh (22 August 2012). "Naked pictures of Prince Harry published by gossip website". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- "Prince Harry naked photos prompted palace call to PCC". BBC News. 23 August 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
- "Prince Harry naked Vegas photos published by Sun". BBC News. 24 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- "Jubilee Debate Polls" (PDF). Ipsos MORI. November 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
- "Prince Harry accepts damages over Splash News Agency photos". BBC. 16 May 2019. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
- Picheta, Rob; Foster, Max (16 May 2019). "Prince Harry accepts 'substantial' damages after helicopter photos forced royal couple from their home". CNN. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
- "Prince Harry condemns 'ruthless campaign' against Meghan, saying he lost his mother to 'powerful forces' and fears history repeating". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
- "Meghan sues Mail on Sunday over private letter". BBC News. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
- "Harry sues Sun and Mirror's owners in phone-hacking claim". BBC. 4 October 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
- Bates, Stephen (15 September 2005). "Harry at 21 on Camilla, the media and Aids children in Africa". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
- "Prince Harry and girlfriend split". BBC News. 24 January 2009. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
- Eden, Richard; Pearlman, Jonathan (5 October 2013). "Prince Harry set to marry Cressida Bonas, say friends". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- "Prince Harry and Cressida Bonas in 'amicable split'". BBC News. 30 April 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- "Prince Harry condemns press 'abuse' of girlfriend". BBC News. 8 November 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- "Meghan Markle attends Invictus Games". BBC News. 24 September 2017. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
- "Prince Harry, Meghan Markle make first official public appearance". ABC News. 26 September 2017. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
- "Prince Harry to marry girlfriend Meghan Markle next year". BBC News. 27 November 2017. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
- Markle, Meghan (August 17, 2015). "I'm More Than An 'Other'". Elle UK. Archived from the original on November 4, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
My dad is Caucasian and my mom is African American ... I have come to embrace [this and] say who I am, to share where I'm from, to voice my pride in being a strong, confident, mixed-race woman.
- DeNeen L. Brown (27 November 2017). "Britain's black queen: Will Meghan Markle really be the first mixed-race royal?". Washington Post. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Gregory Katz, Associated Press (27 November 2017). "Britain not fazed by mixed-race fiancee for Prince Harry". ABC News. Archived from the original on 27 November 2017. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- James Rodger (27 November 2017). "Mixed-race Meghan Markle tells of family encounters with racism". Birmingham Mail. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Elaine Musiwa (28 November 2017). "The Problem With Calling Meghan Markle the "First Black Princess"". Vogue. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- "Harry and Meghan to wed in Windsor in May". BBC News. 28 November 2017. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Vickers, Hugo (18 May 2018). "St George's Chapel: Inside the Windsor Castle venue for tomorrow's royal wedding". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Ward, Victoria (22 May 2018). "Nottingham Cottage: The Kensington home where Meghan and Harry live as a married couple". The Telegraph. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
- "With child coming, it's off to the country for Prince Harry and Meghan Markle". NBC News. 24 November 2018. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
- "Prince Harry and Meghan are moving to the suburbs". CBS News. 24 November 2018. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
- "Harry and Meghan taxpayer-funded renovations cost £2.4m". BBC News. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
- "£2.4m bill for renovation of Meghan and Harry's house, Frogmore Cottage". The Times. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
- Hill, Erin (14 March 2019). "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Have Split Royal Households from Kate Middleton and Prince William". People. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
- "Harry and Meghan's new Instagram account is a record-breaking hit with millions". USA TODAY. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
- "Meghan and Harry: Duchess of Sussex expecting a baby". BBC News. 15 October 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
- Minard, Jenny (19 May 2018). "Prince Harry and Ms. Meghan Markle: Announcement of Titles". Retrieved 19 May 2018.
- Nikkhah, Roya (17 April 2011). "Prince Harry promoted to captain in Army". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 12 June 2011.
- "Prince Harry has been made a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order". Retrieved 5 June 2015.
- Bates, Stephen (9 May 2005). "Harry falls in at Sandhurst". the Guardian.
- "No. 57994". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 May 2006. p. 7375.
- "No. 62328". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 June 2018. p. 10856.
- "No. 62328". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 June 2018. p. 10858.
- "No. 62328". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 June 2018. p. 10862.
- "Prince Harry knighted for service to the Queen". London: BBC. 5 June 2015. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
- Alcázar, Mariángel (14 July 2017). "El Rey reconoce que Isabel II ha hecho posible la visita de Estado a Reino Unido". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- Proctor, Charlie (15 October 2018). "The Queen makes Prince Harry a personal aide-de-camp – Royal Central". royalcentral.co.uk. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
- "Prince Harry named Honorary UWI Fellow", The Gleaner, 6 March 2012, retrieved 8 March 2012
- Department of Canadian Heritage. "2009 Official Royal Visit – Ontario (Toronto, Hamilton and Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ottawa, Petawawa)". Queen's Printer for Canada. Archived from the original on 5 November 2009.
- "The Prince of Wales – Prince Harry – At Work – Regiments". Archived from the original on 17 June 2008. Retrieved 16 October 2008.
- "RAF Regiment Association Official Site". Rafregt.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2 February 2009.
- "CENTRAL CHANCERY OF THE ORDERS OF KNIGHTHOOD". www.thegazette.co.uk.
- "German award recognises Prince Harry's charity work". BBC News Online. 19 December 2010. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
- "Prince Harry to receive 'Golden Heart' award in Berlin" (Press release). Clarence House. 6 December 2010. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
- Jung, Helin (7 May 2012). "Prince Harry Receives Humanitarian Award in D.C." People. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- "The Royal Canadian Legion names Prince Harry recipient of the 2018 Founders Award". The Royal Canadian Legion. 28 August 2018. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Coat of Arms". Prince Harry. Clarence House. Archived from the original on 24 March 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
- "The Coat of Arms of HRH Prince Henry of Wales". College of Arms. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
- Michel Huberty, L'Allemagne dynastique, Volume 7, Giraud, 1994, ISBN 2-901138-07-1, ISBN 978-2-901138-07-5
- Williamson, D. (1981) The Ancestry of Lady Diana Spencer Genealogist's Magazine vol. 20 (no. 6) pp. 192–199 and vol. 20 (no. 8) pp. 281–282.
- The Duke of Sussex at the official website of the British royal family
- The Duke and Duchess of Sussex profile at the official website of the Prince of Wales
- Prince Harry, duke of Sussex at the Encyclopædia Britannica
- Prince Harry on IMDb
Prince Harry, Duke of SussexBorn: 15 September 1984
|Lines of succession|
Prince Louis of Cambridge
| Succession to the British throne
6th in line
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
1st creation extinct in 1843
Title last held byPrince Augustus Frederick
| Duke of Sussex
|Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom|
The Duke of Cambridge