Prince Carlos, Duke of Parma

Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Parma, Duke of Parma and Piacenza[lower-alpha 1][1] (born 27 January 1970) is the current head of the House of Bourbon-Parma, as well a member of the Dutch Royal Family. He is the uncontested traditional claimant to the defunct throne of the Duchy of Parma under the name Carlo V (English: Charles V).[1] In addition, he is considered by some a contested pretender to the Carlist claim to the throne of Spain under the name Carlos Javier I (English: Charles Xavier I).[2][3] In 2016 Carlos told the Spanish press that, while (like his father in 2005) he "does not abandon" his claim to the throne, it is "not a priority" in his life, and he "will not dispute" [no planteo pleito] the legitimacy of King Felipe VI.[4]

Duke of Parma
Carlos Javier de Borbón-Parma (2017)
Head of the House of Bourbon-Parma
Tenure18 August 2010 – present
PredecessorCarlos Hugo
Heir ApparentCarlos, Prince of Piacenza
Born (1970-01-27) 27 January 1970
Nijmegen, Netherlands
Annemarie Gualthérie van Weezel (m. 2010)
IssuePrincess Luisa, Marchioness of Castell'Arquato
Princess Cecilia, Countess of Berceto
Carlos, Prince of Piacenza
Full name
Carlos Xavier Bernardo Sixto Marie
FatherCarlos Hugo, Duke of Parma
MotherPrincess Irene of the Netherlands
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Early life

Carlos was born in Nijmegen in the Netherlands as the eldest child of Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma, and Princess Irene of the Netherlands. He has two younger sisters, Princess Margarita and Princess Carolina, and a younger brother, Prince Jaime. Carlos spent his youth in several countries including the Netherlands, Spain, France, England, and the United States. In 1981, when he was eleven, his parents divorced. Together with his mother and his siblings he then moved to Soestdijk Palace (Baarn) in the Netherlands. He lived at the palace for a number of years with his grandparents, Queen Juliana of the Netherlands and Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands.

Education and career

Carlos studied political sciences at Wesleyan University in Connecticut and demography and philosophy at Cambridge University in England.

After completing his studies Carlos worked for the company ABN AMRO in Amsterdam, where he was involved with preparations for the introduction of the euro. He then worked for a while in Brussels as a public affairs consultant for the company European Public Policy Advisors (EPPA). Since 2007 he has been engaged in projects concerning sustainability in the business world.

Dutch royal house

Carlos is sometimes present at representative occasions concerning the royal house of the Netherlands. In 2003 he was involved, together with his aunt, Queen Beatrix, in the inauguration of the "Prince Claus Leerstoel", a professorship named after the Queen's husband, Prince Claus. During special events of the royal house he is regularly present. For example, he was one of the organizers of the wedding celebration of Prince Constantijn and Princess Laurentien.

Personal life

Relationship with Brigitte Klynstra and son

Prince Carlos had a relationship with Brigitte Klynstra (born 10 January 1959), the stepdaughter of Count Adolph Roderik van Rechteren Limpurg. During this relationship he fathered a son:

  • Carlos Hugo Roderik Sybren Klynstra (born 20 January 1997 in Nijmegen).

In December 2015, the then 18-year-old Carlos Klynstra started the legal procedure to attempt to change his surname to that of his biological father[5] which would also allow him to use the title of "Prince". The Duke of Parma opposed this on the basis that it was in contravention of the traditions of the House of Bourbon-Parma. On 9 March 2016 the Minister of Security and Justice declared his family name request valid.[6] Later that year a court in The Hague concurred with the minister in declaring the claim valid under Dutch law.[7]

According to the judgement, Carlos Hugo will be entitled to be known as "Zijne Koninklijke Hoogheid Carlos Hugo Roderik Sybren prins de Bourbon de Parme" (His Royal Highness Prince Carlos Hugo Roderik Sybren of Bourbon-Parma); this will come only into effect once the Dutch king has signed the royal decree. According to the press release of the Council of State of 28 February 2018, the name change does not mean that Klynstra is now also a member of the Royal House De Bourbon de Parme. That is a private matter of the House itself and this is outside the jurisdiction of the Dutch Nobility Law.[8]

Marriage with Annemarie Gualthérie van Weezel

On 7 October 2009 it was announced through his mother's private secretary that Prince Carlos would marry Annemarie Cecilia Gualthérie van Weezel. The civil marriage took place on 12 June 2010 at Wijk bij Duurstede. The church wedding was to have taken place at the La Cambre Abbey in Ixelles on 28 August, but it was postponed owing to his father's illness. Prince Carlos Hugo died shortly afterwards.

Annemarie (born The Hague, 18 December 1977) is the daughter of Johan (Hans) Stephan Leonard Gualthérie van Weezel and Ank de Visser (The de Visser belong to the Dutch patriciate). Her father was a member of the House of Representatives of the Netherlands for the Christian Democratic party, the Dutch ambassador to the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, and the ambassador in Luxembourg. Gualthérie van Weezel's paternal grandfather is Jan Hans Gualthérie van Weezel, who was the head of the police in The Hague and member of the Dutch resistance during the Second World War. Annemarie Gualthérie van Weezel went to secondary school in Strasbourg and obtained a Master of Laws degree at the University of Utrecht. Subsequently, she completed a post-graduate study in Radio- and Television journalism at the University of Groningen. Gualthérie van Weezel works as a parliamentary journalist in The Hague and Brussels for the Dutch public channel NOS. In Brussels, she met Prince Carlos for the first time.

On 2 August 2010, it was revealed that the health of his father, the Duke of Parma, was quickly deteriorating due to cancer. As a consequence, the church wedding of the prince Carlos and his fiancée was delayed. In a final announcement about his condition, the Duke confirmed Carlos as the next Head of the House of Bourbon-Parma.[9] Just before his death the old Duke of Parma named Annemarie as "Contessa di Molina" (Countess of Molina).[10] Prince Carlos's father died on 18 August 2010 in Barcelona, Spain, at the age of 80; Carlos subsequently became the next head of the House of Bourbon-Parma.

The new Duke of Parma and Annemarie were married on 20 November 2010 in La Cambre Abbey.[11] Together they have two daughters and a son:

  • Her Royal Highness Princess Luisa Irene Constance Anna Maria of Bourbon-Parma, Marquise of Castell'Arquato (born on 9 May 2012 in The Hague);
  • Her Royal Highness Princess Cecilia Maria Johanna Beatrix of Bourbon-Parma, Countess of Berceto (born 17 October 2013 in The Hague);
  • His Royal Highness Prince Carlos Enrique Leonard of Bourbon-Parma, Prince of Piacenza (born 24 April 2016 in The Hague).

In 2016 at the baptism of Prince Carlos Enrique, Prince Carlo conferred on his son the title of "Principe di Piacenza" (Prince of Piacenza), which is the traditional title assigned to a crown prince of the House of Bourbon Parma, the continueer of the dynasty, and future Duke of Parma and Piacenza.[12] In September 2017, the Duke of Parma named his daughter Luisa as "Marchesa di Castell'Arquato" (Marquise of Castell'Arquato), and her younger sister Cecilia was named as "Contessa di Berceto" (Countess of Berceto).[13][14]

His rights as the Carlist pretender

Charles Xavier, in an interview with the newspaper La Vanguardia, he says:

I don't set out dynastic lawsuit.[15]

Barcelona, October 11th, 2010

Also Charles Xavier with his left-handed marriage (matrimonio desigual) in 2010, he incurs loss of rights for claim of throne. About the Spanish Law Pragmatic sanction of 1776.[16]

Titles, styles and honours

Styles of
Carlos, Duke of Parma
Reference styleHis Royal Highness
Spoken styleYour Royal Highness
Alternative styleSir

Titles and styles

  • 2 September 1996 - 18 August 2010: His Royal Highness The Prince of Piacenza[17]
  • 18 August 2010 – present: His Royal Highness The Duke of Parma and Piacenza[1]
    • Officially in the Netherlands: 15 May 1996 – present: His Royal Highness Prince Carlos de Bourbon de Parme


National honours

International honours

International sovereign organisations

Dynastic orders

As Head of the House of Bourbon-Parma, Carlos is Grand Master of four dynastic orders:[19]

  • Grand Master of the Parmese Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George (Sacro Angelico Imperiale Ordine Costantiniano di San Giorgio)[20][21][22]
  • Grand Master of the Order of Saint Louis for Civil Merit (Real Ordine del Merito sotto il titolo di San Lodovico)[23][24]
  • Grand Master of the Order of St. George for Military Merit (Ordine al merito militare di San Giorgio di Lucca)[25][26]
  • Grand Master of the Order of the Legitimidad Proscrita (Ordine de la Legitimidad Proscrita)[27]



  1. "Duke of Parma and Piacenza" is the extended and more formal title of the duke


  1. LL.AA.RR. Il Duca e la Duchessa di Parma e Piacenza – Website of the Royal and Ducal House of Bourbon-Parma (Italian)
  2. Mensaje al Pueblo Carlista de S.M.C. Don Carlos Javier II de Borbón, Rey de Las Españasblogspot El Carlismo contra Globalizatión (Spanish)
  3. El primogénito de Carlos Hugo de Borbón – Nuevo pretendiente carlista a la corona de España – website news agency Europa Press (Spanish)
  4. "Ser príncipe me ayuda a mejorar el bienestar común". La Vanguardia. 11 November 2016. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
  6. "Bezwaarschrift prins Carlos afgewezen". Blauw Bloed (in Dutch). Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  8. Press release - website Council of State of the Netherlands
  9. News of the House of Parma (in Spanish) Archived 5 February 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  10. Interview in the French magazine Point de Vue, edition 13–20 October 2010: Carlos & Annemarie de Bourbon de Parme, Les amoureux de Parme
  11. "Maxima shares Prince Carlos' joy as he weds his princess-bride". Hello Magazine. 24 November 2010.
  12. In Duomo il battesimo del Principe Carlo Enrico website of the Italian newspaper Gazzetta di Parma
  13. La Duchessa di Parma e Piacenza, e la Figlia, Principessa Luisa Irena, in Visita a Castell'Arquato – Website of the Royal and Ducal House of Bourbon-Parma
  15. Amela, Víctor-M. (10/11/2016). ""Ser príncipe me ayuda a mejorar el bienestar común"". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Barcelona: Conde de Godó. p. 60. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  16. Pragmática sanción sobre los matrimonios desiguales. 1776(in Spanish)
  17. Almanach de Gotha (182nd ed.). Almanach de Gotha. 1998. p. 55. ISBN 0953214206.
  18. "Image: carlos-duke-of-parma-annemarie-gualth-rie-van_3637244.jpg, (500 × 333 px)". Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  19. Dynastic Orders - Website of the Royal and Ducal House of Bourbon-Parma
  20. "Image: Carlo+Saverio.jpg, (720 × 483 px)". Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  21. "Image: carlos-duke-of-parma-annemarie-gualth-rie-van_3637262.jpg, (500 × 750 px)". Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  22. "Image: 1282032-prince-carlos-of-bourbon-parma-and-950x0-2.jpg, (950 × 682 px)". Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  23. "Getty Images 167799904". Getty Images.
  24. "Alamy photo D5W0PC". Alamy.
  25. "Ordine al Merito Militare di San Giorgio di Lucca". Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  26. "Alamy photo DY4096". Alamy.
  27. The Order of the Legitimidad Proscrita - Website of the Royal and Ducal House of Bourbon-Parma
Prince Carlos, Duke of Parma
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 27 January 1970
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Carlos Hugo
Duke of Parma
2010 – present
Reason for succession failure:
Annexed by Kingdom of Italy
Hereditary Prince Carlos
King of Spain
Reason for succession failure:
Carlist heir
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Prince Alessandro of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Legitimist line of succession to the French throne
38th position
Succeeded by
Hereditary Prince Carlos

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