Prince Bertil, Duke of Halland
Prince Bertil, Duke of Halland (Bertil Gustaf Oskar Carl Eugén; 28 February 1912 – 5 January 1997), was a member of the Swedish royal family. He was the third son of King Gustaf VI Adolf and his first wife, Princess Margaret of Connaught, as well as the uncle of King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, Queen Margrethe II of Denmark and Queen Anne-Marie of Greece. From 1973 to 1979 he was heir presumptive to his nephew King Carl XVI Gustaf and the Swedish throne.
|Duke of Halland|
Prince Bertil in 1934
|Born||28 February 1912|
Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden
|Died||5 January 1997 84) (aged|
Villa Solbacken, Djurgården, Stockholm, Sweden
|Burial||13 January 1997|
|Father||Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden|
|Mother||Princess Margaret of Connaught|
|Religion||Church of Sweden|
Bertil was born 28 February 1912 at Stockholm, as the fourth of five children born to Princess Margaret of Connaught and Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden. His siblings included: Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Vasterbotten, Prince Sigvard, Duke of Uppland, Princess Ingrid and Prince Carl Johan, Duke of Dalarna.
The family lived in apartments at Stockholm Palace in Stockholm, at Ulriksdal Palace near the capital in Ulriksdal and at the summer residence: Sofiero Castle in Helsingborg in the southernmost province of Sweden, Scania.
Prince Bertil was granted a very old dukedom, one that was bestowed in the Middle Ages on various Danish and Swedish royal relatives, such as Benedict, Duke of Halland. After his eldest brother, Prince Gustaf Adolf, died in 1947, leaving an infant son, Prince Carl Gustaf, in the line of succession, and because his elder brother Sigvard had already given up his place in the succession (owing to a constitutionally unacceptable marriage), it seemed likely that Bertil could one day become regent. After Carl Gustaf became king, Bertil remained the next in line to the throne (until the birth of Prince Carl Philip in 1979), and continued to act as the King's deputy.
When the Act of Succession was changed in 1980, rights to the throne was restricted to Carl XVI Gustaf and his descendants; however, a special addendum was made for Bertil's case, so that he became third (and, after the birth of Princess Madeleine in 1982, fourth) in line to the throne.
In 1943, Bertil had met his long-term partner, Welsh commoner Lilian Craig. However, in order to preserve his place in the royal succession, Bertil and Lilian did not marry for decades. They lived together discreetly, as a fully private arrangement, from the 1940s until their marriage was announced and took place in 1976. Their common base was a home in Sainte-Maxime, in the south of France.
Since his life with Craig was not official, Prince Bertil's single status meant he was suggested as a match for, among others, Princess Margaret of the United Kingdom. After the death of Gustaf VI Adolf in 1973, the new king, Carl XVI Gustaf, married a non-royal woman and approved the marriage of Bertil and Lilian, which took place at Drottningholm Palace on 7 December 1976. Lillian then was made HRH Princess Lilian, Duchess of Halland. She died in 2013.
Bertil was fond of cars, owning a rare Aston Martin DB2 and a Chevrolet Corvette. Volvo asked him to open the Volvo Halifax Assembly plant in 1963 in Nova Scotia, Canada. A parking garage in Sainte-Maxime is named after him.
Prince Bertil was a keen supporter and practitioner of various sports, notably tennis and boules. In 1947, he was elected Chairman of both the Swedish Sports Confederation and Sweden's Olympic Committee. He was also a member of the fine-dining society La Chaine des Rotisseurs.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
Sweden 4 October 1934: Acting Sub-Lieutenant (Fänrik) 1936: Acting Sub-Lieutenant (Underlöjtnant) 1937: Sub-Lieutenant (Löjtnant) 13 februari 1942: Lieutenant (Kapten) 1 April 1948: Commander 2nd Class (Kommendörkapten av andra graden) 1952: Captain (Kommendör) 1956: Rear Admiral 1956: Major General in the Army 1956: Major General in the Air Force 17 October 1969: Admiral 1969: General in the Army 1969: General in the Air Force
1912: Knight and Commander of the Orders of His Majesty the King (Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim) 1912: Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the Sword 1912: Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the Polar Star 1912: Knight of the Order of Charles XIII 28 February 1952: Commander Grand Cross of the Order of Vasa
1928: King Gustaf V's Jubilee Commemorative Medal 1948: King Gustaf V's Jubilee Commemorative Medal 1967: King Gustaf VI Adolf's Commemorative Medal 1969: Illis quorum in gold of 18th size with chain 1987: H. M. The King's Medal, 12th size gold medal with diamonds worn around the neck on a chain of gold (silver-gilt) 1996: King Carl XVI Gustaf's Jubilee Commemorative Medal I
- Foreign honours
4 June 1948: Commander of the Legion of Merit Grand Cross of the Order of the Liberator General San Martín Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold Grand Cross of the Order of Bernardo O'Higgins Grand Cross of the Order of Merit Grand Cross of the Order of Boyaca Knight of the Order of the Elephant Grand Cross of the Order of Muhammad Ali Grand Cross of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana Grand Cross of the Order of Solomon Grand Cross of the Order of Menelik II Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose of Finland Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour 1st Class of the Order of the Two Rivers 2nd Class of the Order of Pahlavi Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown Grand Cross of the Order of the Falcon Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic Grand Cross of the Order of the Chrysanthemum Grand Cross of the Order of the Aztec Eagle Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of St. Olav Grand Cross of the Order of the Sun of Peru Grand Cross of the Order of Christ Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath Grand Cross 1st class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany Grand Cross of the Order of the Liberator
On his creation as Duke of Halland, Prince Bertil was granted use of a coat of arms based on the Arms of Dominion of Sweden, with the arms of Halland in the third quarter.
|Ancestors of Prince Bertil, Duke of Halland|
- "Queen Ingrid of Denmark". Daily Telegraph. 8 Nov 2000.
- "HRH Princess Lilian of Sweden". Daily Telegraph. 10 Mar 2013.
- "H R H The Princess Margaret". Daily Telegraph.
- Williams, Amanda (11 March 2013). "British-born 'secret' Princess Lilian who kept her romance with Swedish royal hidden for 33 years dies at 97". Daily Mail. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- "Originally the property of HRH Prince Bertil of Sweden 1952 Aston Martin DB2 Drophead Coupé". Bonhams.
- "Restoring HRH Prince Bertil of Sweden's Corvette". GM Heritage.
- Sköldenberg, Bengt, ed. (1970). Sveriges statskalender. 1970 (in Swedish). Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. p. 392.
- Sköldenberg, Bengt, ed. (1970). Sveriges statskalender. 1970 (in Swedish). Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. p. 428.
- Nordenvall, Per (1998). Kungliga Serafimerorden: 1748-1998 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Kungl. Maj:ts orden. pp. 58, 444. ISBN 9163067447. LIBRIS 8364835.
- Sveriges statskalender för året 1955 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1955. p. 127.
- "Photo Record". Swenson Swedish Immigration Research Center. June 4, 1948. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
- "Besök på ordenssalarna". www.phaleristica.com (in Swedish). 8 June 2016. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- Sveriges statskalender för skottåret 1940 (in Swedish). Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1940. p. 5.
- Sveriges statskalender för året 1955 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1955. p. 5.
- Sveriges statskalender för året 1950 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1950. p. 5.
Media related to Prince Bertil, Duke of Halland at Wikimedia Commons
Prince BertilBorn: 28 February 1912 Died: 5 January 1997
| Duke of Halland