Prime Minister of Slovenia

The Prime Minister of Slovenia, officially the President of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene: Predsednik Vlade Republike Slovenije), is the head of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia. There have been nine officeholders since the country gained parliamentary democracy in 1989 and independence in 1991.

President of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia
Predsednik Vlade Republike Slovenije
Marjan Šarec

since 13 September 2018
Government of Slovenia
Office of the Prime Minister
StyleMr. Prime Minister or President of the Government
Slovene: Gospod predsednik vlade (formal)
Mr. President
Slovene: Gospod predsednik (informal)
His Excellency
Slovene: Njegova ekscelenca (in international correspondence and abroad only)
TypeHead of Government
Member ofGovernment of Slovenia
European Council (EU)
Euro summit (EU)
National Security Council

North Atlantic Council (NATO)
Reports toNational Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia
SeatGregorčičeva 25, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
also: Predsedniška palača
NominatorPresident of the Republic
or MPs (second and third round of election only)
AppointerNational Assembly
Term lengthNo term limit
Serves at the pleasure of the National Assembly. After a parliamentary election, resignation, removal from office or impeachment, the officeholder remains in office and leads a caretaker government until a new government is elected.
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Slovenia
PrecursorPresident of the Executive Council of the Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia
Inaugural holderLojze Peterle as President of the Executive Council until 23 December 2019, then as President of the Government
Formation16 May 1990 (de facto, following the first democratic election)
23 December 1991 (de jure, following adoption of the current Constitution of Slovenia)
Unofficial namesPremier
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister
(not an official office, held by one or more members of the government)
Salary 5.419,54 monthly (basic salary)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

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The Prime Minister of Slovenia is nominated by the President of the Republic after consultation with the parties represented in the National Assembly. He is then formally elected by a simple majority of the National Assembly. If no candidate receives a majority, a new vote must be held within 14 days. If no candidate receives a majority after this round, the President must dissolve the legislature and call new parliamentary elections unless the National Assembly agrees to hold a third round. If no candidate is elected after a third round, then the legislature is automatically dissolved pending new elections.

In practice, since the appointee must command a majority of the National Assembly in order to govern, he or she is usually the leader of the majority party in the National Assembly or the leader of the senior partner in the governing coalition. The National Assembly can only withdraw its support from a Prime Minister by way of a constructive vote of no confidence–that is, a motion of no confidence is of no effect unless a prospective successor has the support of a majority. The Prime Minister is also President of the National Security Council.


Prime Minister is elected by the National Assembly of Slovenia.

First round

Following the parliamentary election new National Assembly meets at the constitutive session (usually around 2-3 weeks after election; President of the Republic convenes the session after receiving the official report on election from State Election Commission), after which new parliamentary groups are officially formed. After all groups are formed (usually within few days) President of the Republic meets with leaders of the groups for consultations. During the consultations President of the Republic tries to identify a candidate that could secure an absolute majority in the National Assembly (46 votes). After the consultations President of the Republic can officially propose a candidate to the President of the National Assembly, this has to be done within 30 days after the constitutive session. Assembly takes vote on the candidate within 7 days, but not earlier than 48 hours after proposal. Candidate has to present his vision of his government before the National Assembly before the vote. When Prime Minister is elected, formation of a new government begins.

Second round

If there is no Prime Minister elected, the second round will take place. After new consultations President of the Republic can propose a new candidate or the same candidate again within 14 days of the first round vote. In the second round parliamentary groups and groups of 10 MPs can propose a candidate as well. Vote takes place no earlier than 48 hours from the proposal but not later than 7 days from it. If there are more candidates proposed, the National Assembly will first vote on the candidate proposed by the President of the Republic, only if that candidate is not elected, Assembly will take votes on other candidates in the order of submission of the proposals. Prime Minister is elected with absolute majority (46 votes). When Prime Minister is elected, formation of a new government begins.

If National Assembly once again fails to elect a Prime Minister, then President of the Republic will dissolve the National Assembly and call a snap election, unless the National Assembly decides, within 48 hours from the vote, to hold the third round of election.

Third round

In the third round Prime Minister is elected by a relative majority (majority of present MPs). Votes take place within 7 days from the decision but not earlier than 48 hours. In the third round National Assembly first votes on all the candidates from the first and second round, and if none of the candidates receives a majority of votes, then it will vote on new proposals, first on the proposal by the President of the Republic, then on the other in the order of submission. If Prime Minister is elected formation of a new government begins, if not, President dissolves the National Assembly and snap election takes place.

Oath of office

Prime Minister officially takes office after all of his ministers take oath of office before the National Assembly, following the election of government with a relative majority in the National Assembly. Prime Minister takes the oath of office after his election.

Prime Minister and ministers take the same oath of office according to the Article 104 of the Constitution: “I swear that I shall uphold the constitutional order, that I shall act according to my conscience and that I shall do all in my power for the good of Slovenia.

List of Prime Ministers of Slovenia

Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes



No. Portrait Name
Term of office Political party King of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Took office Left office Days
1 Jožef Pogačnik (Knight)
31 October 1918 20 January 1919 81 Slovene People's Party (SLS)
Peter I
(1 December 1918–16 August 1921)

Socialist Republic of Slovenia

No. Name
Portrait Term of office Political party
Prime Ministers
1 Boris Kidrič
5 May 1945June 1946Communist Party of Slovenia
2 Miha Marinko
June 19461953Communist Party of Slovenia
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists of Slovenia
Presidents of the Executive Council
Miha Marinko
195315 December 1953League of Communists of Slovenia
3 Boris Kraigher
15 December 195325 June 1962League of Communists of Slovenia
4 Viktor Avbelj
25 June 19621965League of Communists of Slovenia
5 Janko Smole
19651967League of Communists of Slovenia
6 Stane Kavčič
196727 November 1972League of Communists of Slovenia
7 Andrej Marinc
(born 1930)
27 November 1972April 1978League of Communists of Slovenia
8 Anton Vratuša
April 1978July 1980League of Communists of Slovenia
9 Janez Zemljarič
(born 1928)
July 198023 May 1984League of Communists of Slovenia
10 Dušan Šinigoj
(born 1933)
23 May 198416 May 1990League of Communists of Slovenia
(10) Party of Democratic Renewal

Republic of Slovenia


Christian democrats:



Social democrats:

# Prime Minister Term of office Government National
President of the Republic
Political party Took office Left Office Time in office Coalition
1 Lojze Peterle
(born 1948)
16 May 1990 14 May 1992 729 I C
Milan Kučan
8 October 1991 -
22 December 2002
2 Janez Drnovšek
14 May 1992 25 January 1993 2,946 II 1
25 January 1993 27 February 1997 III
LDSSKDSDS (1993–1994)–ZLSD (1993–1996)
Liberal Democracy of Slovenia (LDS) 27 February 1997 7 June 2000 IV 2
3 Andrej Bajuk
7 June 2000 30 November 2000 176 V
Slovenian People's Party (SLS+SKD)
later New Slovenia (NSi) SLSSKDSDS
(2) Janez Drnovšek
30 November 2000 19 December 2002 749 VI 3
Liberal Democracy of Slovenia (LDS) LDSSLSDeSUSZLSD
4 Anton Rop
(born 1960)
19 December 2002 3 December 2004 715 VII Janez Drnovšek
22 December 2002 -
23 December 2007
Liberal Democracy of Slovenia (LDS) LDSSLSDeSUSZLSD
5 Janez Janša
(born 1958)
3 December 2004 21 November 2008 1,449 VIII 4
Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS) SDSNSiSLSDeSUS
6 Borut Pahor
(born 1963)
21 November 2008 10 February 2012 1,176 IX 5
Danilo Türk
23 December 2007 -
22 December 2012
Social Democrats (SD) SDDeSUS (2008–2011)–LDSZares (2008–2011)
(5) Janez Janša
(born 1958)
10 February 2012 20 March 2013 404 X 6
Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS) SDSNSiSLSDeSUSDL
7 Alenka Bratušek
(born 1970)
20 March 2013 18 September 2014 547 XI Borut Pahor
22 December 2012 -
Positive Slovenia (PS)
later Alliance of Alenka Bratušek (ZaAB) PSDeSUSDLSDZaAB
8 Miro Cerar
(born 1963)
18 September 2014 13 September 2018 1,456 XII 7
Modern Centre Party (SMC) SMCDeSUSSD
9 Marjan Šarec
(born 1977)
13 September 2018 Incumbent 457 XIII 8
List of Marjan Šarec (LMŠ) LMŠSDSMCSABDeSUS



No. Prime Minister Date of birth Age at inauguration
(first term)
Time in office
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 Peterle, AlojzAlojz Peterle 5 July 1948(5 July 1948) 41 years, 315 days 1 year, 364 days 43 years, 314 days Living 71 years, 162 days (living)
2 Drnovšek, JanezJanez Drnovšek 17 May 1950(17 May 1950) 41 years, 363 days 10 years, 45 days 52 years, 216 days 23 February 2008 57 years, 282 days
3 Bajuk, AndrejAndrej Bajuk October 18, 1943(18 October 1943) 56 years, 233 days 176 days 57 years, 43 days 16 August 2011 67 years, 302 days
4 Rop, AntonAnton Rop 27 December 1960(27 December 1960) 41 years, 357 days 1 year, 350 days 43 years, 342 days Living 58 years, 352 days (living)
5 Janša, JanezJanez Janša 17 September 1958(17 September 1958) 46 years, 77 days 5 years, 28 days 54 years, 184 days Living 61 years, 88 days (living)
6 Pahor, BorutBorut Pahor 2 November 1963(2 November 1963) 45 years, 19 days 3 years, 81 days 48 years, 100 days Living 56 years, 42 days (living)
7 Bratušek, AlenkaAlenka Bratušek 31 March 1970(31 March 1970) 42 years, 354 days 1 year, 182 days 44 years, 171 days Living 49 years, 258 days (living)
8 Cerar Jr., MiroslavMiroslav Cerar Jr. 25 August 1963(25 August 1963) 51 years, 24 days 3 years, 360 days 55 years, 19 days Living 56 years, 111 days (living)
9 Šarec, MarjanMarjan Šarec 2 December 1977(2 December 1977) 40 years, 285 days 1 year, 92 days (ongoing) Incumbent Living 42 years, 12 days (living)

See also

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