Primary interventricular foramen

In human embryology, the primary interventricular foramen is a temporary opening between the developing ventricles of the heart. The ventricles arise as a single cavity that is divided by the developing interventricular septum. Before the septum closes completely, the remaining opening between the two ventricles is termed the interventricular foramen.

Primary interventricular foramen
LocationEmbryonic heart
Latinforamen interventriculare primarium
Anatomical terminology

In some individuals, the foramen fails to close, leading to an interventricular septal defect known as a patent interventricular foramen.[1]


  1. Le, Tao; Bhushan, Vikas; Vasan, Neil (2010). First Aid for the USMLE Step 1: 2010 20th Anniversary Edition. USA: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. pp. 123. ISBN 978-0-07-163340-6.

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