President of North Macedonia

The President of the Republic of North Macedonia (Macedonian: Претседател на Република Северна Македонија; Albanian: Presidenti i Republikës së Maqedonisë së Veriut) is the head of state of North Macedonia. The institution of the Presidency of the modern North Macedonia state began after the Macedonian declaration of independence on 8 September 1991. Its first president was Kiro Gligorov, the oldest president in the world until his resignation in 1999. The North Macedonia presidency is largely a ceremonial post and the Prime Minister of North Macedonia is the country's leading political figure and de facto chief executive.

President of the Republic of North Macedonia
Претседател на Република Северна Македонија
Presidenti i Republikës së Maqedonisë së Veriut
Stevo Pendarovski

since 12 May 2019
ResidenceVilla Vodno[1]
AppointerDirect election
Term lengthFive years
renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of North Macedonia
Formation16 April 1991
First holderKiro Gligorov
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The president must be a citizen of North Macedonia, be over 40 years of age and have lived in North Macedonia for at least ten of the previous fifteen years.[2]

Electoral system

The President of North Macedonia is elected using a modified two-round system; a candidate can only be elected in the first round of voting if they receive the equivalent of over 50% of the vote from all registered voters.[3] In the second round, voter turnout must be at least 40% for the result to be deemed valid.[4]

The Constitution mandates that the President must be over 40 years of age and have lived in the country for ten of the last fifteen years.

Before 2009, the constitution required a 50% turnout in the second round. The XXXI amendment voted on 9 January 2009 by all 86 present deputies lowered it to the current 40%,[5] as the government feared the tendency of ever lower election turnout would make presidential elections frequently invalidated. In the 2009 Macedonian presidential election that followed, the turnout in the second round ended up being 42.6%.[6]


During the period of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, there was a collective presidency which was abolished in 1991. Its first president was Metodija Andonov Čento elected at the first plenary session of ASNOM, when the modern Macedonian state was formed, while the last one was Vladimir Mitkov.[7]

Following the transition from socialist system to parliamentary democracy in 1990, the Socialist Republic of Macedonia changed the collective leadership with a single-president post in 1991. Kiro Gligorov became the first democratically elected president of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia on 27 January 1991.[8] On 16 April 1991 the parliament adopted a constitutional amendment removing the term "Socialist" from the official name of the country, and on 7 June of the same year, the new name Republic of Macedonia was officially established.[9] Hence Gligorov continued his function as a president of the Republic of Macedonia. After the process of dissolution of Yugoslavia began, the Republic of Macedonia proclaimed full independence following a referendum held on 8 September 1991. On completing his second term as head of the independent state Gligorov was succeeded by Boris Trajkovski in 1999. Following Trajkovski's death in 2004, he was succeeded by Branko Crvenkovski. Gjorge Ivanov won the 2009 presidential election and took office on 12 May 2009. He was re-elected in 2014.

List of Presidents of North Macedonia

Socialist Republic of Macedonia


  KPM/SKM   Independent

  Acting President
Portrait Term of office Political party
President of Initiatory Committee for Anti-Fascist Assembly of People's Liberation of Macedonia
1 Metodija Andonov-Čento
1 October 19432 August 1944non-party
Chairman of the Anti-Fascist Assembly of People's Liberation (ASNOM)
Metodija Andonov-Čento
2 August 19441 January 1945non-party
Presidents of the Presidium of the People's Assembly
Metodija Andonov-Čento
1 January 194515 March 1946non-party
Dimitar Nestorov
16 March 194630 December 1946Communist Party of Macedonia
2 Blagoja Fotev
19474 January 1951Communist Party of Macedonia
Vidoe Smilevski
4 January 19511953Communist Party of Macedonia
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists of Macedonia
Presidents of the People's Assembly
3 Dimče Stojanov
195319 December 1953League of Communists of Macedonia
4 Lazar Koliševski
19 December 195326 June 1962League of Communists of Macedonia
5 Ljupčo Arsov
26 June 196224 June 1963League of Communists of Macedonia
6 Vidoe Smilevski
25 June 196312 May 1967League of Communists of Macedonia
7 Mito Hadživasilev
12 May 19671 August 1968League of Communists of Macedonia
8 Nikola Minčev
23 December 19686 May 1974League of Communists of Macedonia
Presidents of the Presidency
9 Vidoe Smilevski
6 May 197431 October 1979League of Communists of Macedonia
10 Ljupčo Arsov
31 October 197929 April 1982League of Communists of Macedonia
11 Angel Čemerski
29 April 198229 April 1983League of Communists of Macedonia
12 Blagoja Taleski
29 April 198329 April 1984League of Communists of Macedonia
13 Tome Bukleski
( 1921-2018)
29 April 198426 April 1985League of Communists of Macedonia
14 Vančo Apostolski
26 April 198528 April 1986League of Communists of Macedonia
Mateja Matevski
28 April 198630 April 1986League of Communists of Macedonia
15 Dragoljub Stavrev
30 April 1986May 1988League of Communists of Macedonia
16 Jezdimir Bogdanski
May 198828 April 1990League of Communists of Macedonia
17 Vladimir Mitkov
(born 1931)
28 April 199027 January 1991League of Communists of Macedonia
18 Kiro Gligorov
27 January 199118 September 1991League of Communists of Macedonia

Republic of North Macedonia


  LPM   DA   VMRO–DPMNE   SDSM   Independent

  Acting president
No. Portrait Name
Term of office Political Party Election
Took office Left office Time in office
Kiro Gligorov
18 September 19914 October 19954 years, 16 daysSDSM1994
Stojan Andov
(born 1935)
4 October 199517 November 199544 daysLPM
Kiro Gligorov
17 November 199519 November 19994 years, 2 daysSDSM
Savo Klimovski
(born 1947)
19 November 199915 December 199926 daysDA
Boris Trajkovski
(Died in plane crash)
15 December 199926 February 2004 4 years, 73 daysVMRO–DPMNE1999
Ljupčo Jordanovski
26 February 200412 May 200476 daysSDSM
Branko Crvenkovski
(born 1962)
12 May 200412 May 20095 years, 0 daysSDSM2004
Gjorge Ivanov
(born 1960)
12 May 200912 May 201910 years, 0 daysVMRO–DPMNE2009
Stevo Pendarovski
(born 1963)
12 May 2019Incumbent194 daysSDSM2019


Kiro Gligorov was incapacitated after an assassination attempt in 1995. Stojan Andov served as acting leader during Gligorov's incapacitation.

Latest election

2019 North Macedonian presidential election

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Blerim RekaIndependent79.88810,60
Gordana Siljanovska-DavkovaVMRO-DPMNE318.34142,25377.71344,73
Stevo PendarovskiSocial Democratic Union of Macedonia322.58142,81436.21253,59
Invalid/blank votes32.6964,3430.4373,60
Registered voters/turnout1.808.13141,671,808,13146,70
Source: SEC

See also


  1. "". Archived from the original on September 28, 2011.
  2. Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia, Article 80.
  3. Polls Open in Macedonia Presidential Elections Balkan Insight, 13 April 2014
  4. AMENDMENT XXXI Constitution of North Macedonia
  5. "The Constitution of the Republic of North Macedonia".
  6. Anna Fruhstorfer; Michael Hein (12 October 2016). Constitutional Politics in Central and Eastern Europe: From Post-Socialist Transition to the Reform of Political Systems. Springer. pp. 325–. ISBN 978-3-658-13762-5.
  7. "Prof. Dr. Vladimir Mitkov - Faculty of Law, University of Skopje". Archived from the original on June 30, 2012.
  8. Kiro Gligorov was elected as a President on 27 January 1991, when the Socialist Republic of Macedonia was still an official name of the state. After the change of the state's name, he continued his function as a President of the Republic of Macedonia The Official Site of The President of the Republic of Macedonia Archived 2009-04-30 at the Wayback Machine
  9. On This Day - Macedonian Information Agency - MIA Archived 2008-01-25 at the Wayback Machine, see: 1991 (in Macedonian)
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