Powder puffs are pieces of soft material used for the application of face powder. They may be shaped as balls or pads.
In addition to softness, an important characteristic of powder puffs is their intake ability, i.e., the ability to hold powder. It was reported that for synthetic fibers important factors in designing high-intake powder puffs are mostly geometric ones: fiber diameter, pile length, and space between fibers, with little dependence on material factors.
Powder puffs have been used as a stereotype image for soft, careless femininity, as seen, e.g., in the term "powderpuff sports", including collegiate sorority flag football leagues. The name of the Powerpuff Girls is a pun on "powder puff".
American inventor Ellene Alice Bailey (1853-1897) patented several versions of powder puffs and has been described as "America’s powder puff pioneer".
- "Intake Ability of Powder Puffs Made of Synthetic-fiber Cloths" Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine, Journal of the Japan Research Association for Textile End-Uses (2005), vol. 46, no. 8. 519-528.
- Compactstory (February 10, 2012). "In Search of the First American Compact Part 2". Collecting Vintage Compacts. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
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