# Pound-foot (torque)

A **pound-foot** (**lbf⋅ft**) is a unit of torque (a pseudovector). One pound-foot is the torque created by one pound of force acting at a perpendicular distance of one foot from a pivot point.[2] Conversely one pound-foot is the moment about an axis that applies one pound-force at a radius of one foot.

Pound-foot | |
---|---|

Unit system | British Gravitational System, English Engineering Units |

Unit of | Torque |

Symbol | lbf∙ft |

Conversions | |

1 lbf∙ft in ... | ... is equal to ... |

SI units | ≈ 1.355818 N⋅m[1] |

Gravitational metric system | ≈ 0.1382550 kgf⋅m |

The value in SI units is given by multiplying the following approximate factors:

- One pound (force) = 4.448 222 newtons[3][4]

This gives the conversion factor:

- One pound-foot = 1.35582 newton metres.

The name "pound-foot", intended to minimize confusion with the foot-pound as a unit of work, was apparently first proposed by British physicist Arthur Mason Worthington.[6] However, the torque unit is often still referred to as the **foot-pound** (ft⋅lbf).[7]

Similarly, an **inch-pound** (more correctly written as *pound-inch*) is the torque of one pound of force applied to one inch of distance from the pivot, and is equal to 1/12 of a pound-foot. It is commonly used on torque wrenches and torque screwdrivers for setting specific fastener tension.

## References

- "Appendix B.9: Factors for units listed by kind of quantity or field of science".
*NIST Guide to the SI*. National Institute of Standards and Technology. September 7, 2016. Retrieved 2018-07-09. - Pickerill, Ken (2009).
*Today's Technician: Automotive Engine Performance Classroom Manual and Shop Manual*(5th ed.). Cengage Learning. pp. 50–51. ISBN 1111782385. - United States National Bureau of Standards (1959-06-25). "Notices "Refinement of values for the yard and the pound"" (PDF). Retrieved 2006-08-12.
- Howard Ludwig (Mar 3, 2017). "What is the relation between pounds of force and pounds as a measurement of mass?".
- Collins, Joseph B. (2009), "OpenMath Context Dictionaries for SI Quantities and Units", in Carette, Jacques; Dixon, Lucas; Coen, Claudio Sacerdoti; Watt, Stephen (eds.),
*Procedings Intelligent Computer Mathematics: 16th Symposium, Calculemus 2009, 8th International Conference, MKM 2009, Grand Bend, Canada, July 6-12, 2009*,**5625**, Springer Science & Business Media, p. 260, ISBN 3642026141 - Arthur Mason Worthington (1900).
*Dynamics of rotation : an elementary introduction to rigid dynamics*(3rd ed.). Longmans, Green, and Co. p. 9. - Erjavec, Jack.
*Manual Transmissions & Transaxles: Classroom manual*. p. 38. ISBN 978-1-4354-3933-7.