Posterior lobe of cerebellum

The posterior lobe of cerebellum or neocerebellum, is the portion of the cerebellum below the primary fissure.[1]

Posterior lobe of cerebellum
Superior view of an cerebellum. Posterior lobe shown in red.
The posterior lobe    is demarcated by the primary fissure from the anterior lobe   .
Latinlobus posterior cerebelli
NeuroLex IDbirnlex_911
Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy

It is sometimes called the neocerebellum[2] since phylogenetically it is the newest part of the cerebellum. It plays an important role in fine motor coordination, specifically in the inhibition of involuntary movement via inhibitory neurotransmitters, especially GABA.[2]

The posterior lobe receives input mainly from the brainstem (i.e., reticular formation and inferior olivary nucleus) and cerebral cortex.[3]

It also has activation linked to happiness.[4]

Additional images


  1. "".
  2. "The Cerebellum".
  3. Siegel, Allan Siegel, Hreday N. Sapru; case histories written by Heidi E. (2011). Essential neuroscience (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 190. ISBN 978-0-7817-8383-5.
  4. Schienle A, Scharmüller W (August 2013). "Cerebellar activity and connectivity during the experience of disgust and happiness". Neuroscience. 246: 375–81. doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2013.04.048. PMID 23639880.

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