Portland (1947 tugboat)
Portland passing under the Steel Bridge in 2012
|Owner:||Oregon Maritime Museum|
|Port of registry:||
|Builder:||Northwest Marine Iron Works of Portland, Oregon|
|Cost:||$472,000 ($5.3 million in today's dollars)|
|Launched:||May 24, 1947|
|In service:||August 29, 1947|
|Out of service:||1981|
|Type:||Shallow draft inland tug|
|Length:||219 ft (67 m)|
|Beam:||42.1 ft (12.8 m)|
|Draft:||5.5 ft (1.7 m)|
|Installed power:||2 × one-cylinder, 900 hp (670 kW) steam engines|
|Propulsion:||25 ft (7.6 m) diameter, 26 ft (7.9 m) wide stern paddlewheel|
|Crew:||two 7-man shifts and 1 cook|
Portland (steam tug)
Portland preparing to dock
|Location||Portland, Oregon, berthed on the Willamette River at the foot of SW Pine Street|
|Built by||Northwest Marine Iron Works|
|NRHP reference #||97000847|
|Added to NRHP||August 14, 1997|
The Portland is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and presently hosts the Oregon Maritime Museum which owns the vessel. The vessel is moored at the Willamette River seawall next to Tom McCall Waterfront Park in downtown Portland.
Portland was built in 1947 and delivered to the Port of Portland on August 29 of that year. She was operated as a tug by both Willamette Tug & Barge and Shaver Transportation until she was retired in 1981. By that time, the Port of Portland was serving oil supertankers from Alaska that were too large for Portland to assist, and container ships with bow thrusting capabilities that reduced the need for tug assistance.
Built at a time when steam paddlewheels were giving way to more modern propulsion systems, Portland was originally proposed as a diesel-powered screw-driven vessel, but at the request of the Columbia River Pilots Association she was built with more traditional propulsion. As a result, she was the last steam-powered, sternwheel tugboat built in the United States. She was also the last such vessel still in service in the U.S. at the time of her retirement in 1981. For these reasons, she is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as "an outstanding representative of her type and method of construction."
Oregon Maritime Museum
In 1991, nearly ten years after Portland was retired, ownership was transferred to the Oregon Maritime Museum for $1, where restoration work began with the intent of turning her into a stationary museum ship. Interest and fundraising for the project exceeded expectations, and $700,000 in donations allowed Portland to be restored to a functioning, seaworthy condition. Restoration work was completed in 1993, with occasional passenger trips until the Coast Guard inspected the vessel in 2001 and shut passenger operations down until the ship could pass inspection. The museum raised an addition $480,000 in funds, volunteers put an additional million dollars in labor over seven years, and the ship was cleared for passenger service in 2008.
In 1994, Portland was moved to her present location, at Tom McCall Waterfront Park in downtown Portland, where she is available most days for tours. In 2002, the static displays for the Oregon Maritime Museum – called the Oregon Maritime Center and Museum until 2004 – were brought on board and are now a part of the tour.
1952 Steamboat Race
On January 24, 1952, the Portland raced against the older sternwheel tug Henderson in a staged race on the Columbia River in order to promote the upcoming Jimmy Stewart film Bend of the River (with the stars riding on Henderson). Henderson won by a length and a half.
1952 freeing S.G. Follis
The heavy-laden S.G. Follis, inbound to Portland, ran firm aground at the Sauvie Island dike. Other tugs tried to free her to no avail. With lines fast to S.G. Follis, the wash from Portland's paddle wheel in full reverse began to loosen the sand under S.G. Follis, allowing Portland to work her free.
1957 Portland saves the Hawthorne Bridge
On April 14, 1957, two ships set to be scrapped broke from their moorings and collided with the Hawthorne Bridge. Two of the most powerful diesel tugs available were unable to do much more than relieve some of the strain from the bridge. Portland was able to free the ships and tow them to moorings before the strain broke the bridge. The Columbia River Pilots Association saw this incident as justification for having insisted that Portland be a steam-powered sternwheeler.
In 2008, Portland was set to participate in the first steamboat race on the Columbia River in more than half a century, recreating the 1952 race. She was set to race against the sternwheeler Columbia Gorge, as a part of the Sternwheeler Days Festival in Cascade Locks, Oregon. Portland's steering locked, and she ran into the bank, damaging her wheel. Without power or steering, she drifted towards the Bonneville Dam until another tug secured a line and towed her to safety. A Coast Guard investigation cited a problem with an improperly repaired gear in the steering system dating back to 1997. Portland and Columbia Gorge have since raced at least three times, with the Portland winning two of the races.
Pop culture references
- "History". Oregon Maritime Museum. Retrieved August 3, 2012.
"National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Portland, Steam Tug" (pdf). National Park Service. February 15, 1997. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
"Accompanying Photos" (pdf). National Park Service. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
- Stewart, Bill (February 13, 1997). "Paddle-wheel vessel Portland celebrates its 50th birthday". The Oregonian. Portland Zoner section, p. 3.
- "Str. PORTLAND". steamboats.org. Retrieved August 3, 2012.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "Oregon National Register List" (pdf). Oregon Parks and Recreation Department. June 6, 2011. p. 39. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
- Boone, Jerry (June 10, 1993). "Restored sternwheeler Portland has history, not just churning paddles, behind it". The Oregonian. Portland Zoner section, p. 2.
- Swart, Cornelius (July 18, 2012). "Another troubled voyage for Oregon Maritime Museum's vintage sternwheeler". The Oregonian. Archived from the original on July 20, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2019.
- Mahar, Ted (June 3, 1993). "Restored tug steams back to Portland to stay". The Oregonian. p. C3.
- Stewart, Bill (June 25, 2002). "Maritime Museum moves onto river tug". The Oregonian. p. B3.
- "1952 Press Photo Henderson Won The Steamboat Race - Ora97631". Terapeak. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Heinz, Spencer (October 22, 2007). "This old tug is steaming back to life". The Oregonian. p. B1.
- "Portland Spirit | Portland Spirit River Cruises - Sternwheeler Days and The Great Steamboat Race | Dinner Cruises | Lunch and Brunch Cruises | Weddings | Willamette and Columbia River". www.portlandspirit.com. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "Sternwheeler Days and The Great Steamboat Race". Portland Spirit. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
- Larsen, Kate (July 25, 2012). "Statement from owner of the tall ship Royaliste". Portland Pirate Festival LLC. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
- Ryll, Thomas (April 30, 1999). "Tug with oomph of a star to visit the steam-powered vessel 'Portland' had a role in 'Maverick'". The Columbian. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved December 25, 2014 – via Highbeam Research.