Porthleven (//) is a town, civil parish and fishing port near Helston in Cornwall, England. It is the most southerly port on the island of Great Britain, and was originally developed as a harbour of refuge, when this part of the Cornish coastline was recognised as a black spot for wrecks in the days of sail. The South West Coast Path, which follows the coast from Somerset to Dorset passes through the town. An electoral ward called Porthleven and Helston South also exists. The population at the 2011 census was 3,059.
|Population||3,059 (2011 Census including Ashton and Balwest)|
|OS grid reference||SW6225|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Police||Devon and Cornwall|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
Methleigh was the site of a fair and annual market from the year 1066. After the Norman Conquest, the Bishop of Exeter held the manor of Methleigh, but the Earl of Cornwall possessed the fair. At the time of the Domesday Survey there were 15 acres (6.1 ha) of arable land, 40 acres (16 ha) of pasture and 60 acres (24 ha) of underwood. The population consisted of 15 villeins, 4 smallholders and 3 serfs.
Until 1844 Porthleven was within the parish of Sithney; the parish church of St Bartholomew was built in 1842. The name Porthleven is probably connected with St Elwen or Elwyn, whose chapel existed here before 1270. It was rebuilt about 1510 but destroyed in 1549. There were also chapels at Higher Penrose and Lanner Veor (the latter founded in 1377) and a holy well at Venton-Vedna. For local-government purposes, Porthleven was included within the town boundaries of nearby Helston. After years of growth, it now has its own town council and its population recorded by the United Kingdom Census 2001 was 3,190.
Porthleven's most recognisable building is the Bickford-Smith Institute next to the pier and harbour entrance. With a clock tower about 70 feet (20 m) high, it looks like a church, but is currently used as a snooker club and houses the town council offices. It featured (along with various other scenes from the town) as the incident room in an episode of the TV detective series Wycliffe. A picture of the building against a large breaking wave sometimes appears in the background of BBC UK weather forecasts, particularly when windy conditions and rough seas are expected. The Institute has a plaque to Guy Gibson VC, leader of the Dambuster Raid, on the wall facing the harbour. Gibson was born in India, but regarded Porthleven (his mother's hometown, and where his parents were married) as his hometown as well. He visited there while on leave during the war, sometimes attending the Porthleven Methodist Church. His name is marked on the community's war memorial (he was killed in 1944) and a street ("Gibson Way") is named after him.
William Cookworthy acquired leases on the Tregonning Hill quarries and shipped china clay to his porcelain factory in Plymouth. In 1826, 150 tons of china-stone and 30 tons of china clay were exported, and in 1838, 500 tons of china-stone. Exports of china clay from Porthleven ceased in 1880. Granite was also exported from the quarries at Coverack Bridges and Sithney.
Fifty-two fishing boats were built between 1877 and 1883 employing, at times up to twenty people. The boats ranged in length, from 22 feet (6.7 m) to 55 feet (17 m) long and were built, not only for Mount's Bay ports, but ports in the rest of the UK and also for South Africa.
Overnight on 12–13 December 1978, Police Constables Joseph James Childs and Martin Ross Reid of Devon and Cornwall Police were killed when their patrol car was swept into the harbour during heavy storms. A stone memorial to them was later erected on the south-facing harbour wall.
Due to the prevailing westerly winds, it was easy for a ship under sail to be trapped in Mount's Bay and wrecked nearby. The Royal National Lifeboat Institution stationed a lifeboat at Porthleven in 1863. A boat house was built at Breageside, from where the boat was taken to the water on a carriage. The Agar Robartes was replaced by the Charles Henry Wright (named after the donor) in November 1882. A new boat house on the west side of the harbour entrance was opened in 1894 with a slipway to make launching easier. The station was closed in 1929 as the neighbouring stations at The Lizard and Penlee had been equipped with motor lifeboats that could cover the whole of Mount's Bay. The slipway was dismantled and the boat house was used as a store for a while but has since become the Shipwreck Centre museum.
There are four Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) sites close to Porthleven and they are also Geological Conservation Review (GCR) sites. Three are designated for their geological interest, they are Porthleven Cliffs SSSI, Porthleven Cliffs East SSSI and Wheal Penrose SSSI The "Giant's Rock", within Porthleven Cliffs SSSI, is an erratic of unknown origin and unknown mode of transport to its present site near the entrance of Porthleven harbour. The Wheal Penrose SSSI is a disused lead mine 550 yards (500 m) to the south with "good examples of typical lead zone mineralisation". The fourth Loe Pool SSSI is Cornwall's largest natural lake, formed by a barrier beach, known as Loe Bar, which dams the River Cober.
Porthleven (like almost a third of Cornwall) lies within the Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB).
Sport and leisure
Porthleven has exploited its location and exposure to powerful swells to become one of the best-known and highly regarded surfing spots in Britain and has been described as "Cornwall's best reef break". Waves often exceeding 6.6 feet (2.0 m), break on the shallow reef that was shaped by blasting the harbour. Kayaking is also popular. RNLI lifeguards patrol the beach during the holiday season. The beach is separated from the harbour by a granite pier, which stands in front of the Porthleven Institute and clock tower. When the tide is out, it is possible to walk east along Porthleven beach for about three miles. There is also a coastal path with views of the beach below.
Porthleven Bowling Club is based at Methleigh Parc and is affiliated to Bowls Cornwall and Bowls England. The club was founded in 1959 and has lawn bowling and short-mat bowls facilities. The club competes against other clubs and individuals within Cornwall and nationally, and there are in-house competitions as well.
Porthleven has a non-league football club which plays in the South West Peninsula League; a league which operates at levels 10 and 11 of the English football league system. Their home ground is at Gala Parc.
The restaurateur Rick Stein has a restaurant in the town.
Porthleven was the home town of the Dambusters' Commanding Officer, Guy Gibson, and there is a road named in his memory. Former motor racing driver Chris Craft, who competed in the 24 Hours of Le Mans race for over a decade, including a third-placed finish in 1976, as well as two races in Formula One, was born in Porthleven.
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- "Rick Stein's restaurant in Porthleven". Rickstein.com. 1 September 2015. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
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- Bates, Stephen (13 July 2006). "Obituary: David Jewell". The Guardian.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Porthleven.|