Port Antonio is the capital of the parish of Portland on the northeastern coast of Jamaica, about 60 miles (100 km) from Kingston. It had a population of 12,285 in 1982 and 13,246 in 1991. It is the island's third largest port, famous as a shipping point for bananas and coconuts, as well as one of its most important tourist attractions, tourism being a major contributor to the town’s economy.
Port Antonio's Clock Tower.
Location of Port Antonio shown within Jamaica
|Coordinates: 18°10′N 76°27′W|
|• Portland Parish||81,000|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
Port Antonio was a settlement first established in Spanish Jamaica, when it was known as Puerto Anton.
Portland formally became a parish in 1723 by order of the Duke of Portland, the then-Governor of Jamaica after whom it is named. The existing port was to be called Port Antonio and was slated to become a naval stronghold. To that end, by 1729, the British began to build Fort George on the peninsula separating the twin East and West harbors known as the Titchfield promontory. The fort was intended to protect settlers from attacks by the Spanish from the sea, and from the Maroons (run-away slaves) who lived in the mountains.
Port Antonio was a sleepy coastal town until the 1880s, when Lorenzo Dow Baker started the banana trade in Jamaica and successfully promoted Port Antonio as a destination for wealthy American travelers. "Portie" became a boom town. The banana trade and the tourists who came in the banana boats, was once so large that at one time, weekly sailing from Port Antonio was greater than weekly sailing from the great English port of Liverpool.
The island was glamorized by Hollywood as a model of paradise in movies of the 1940s and 1950s, and in later movies such as Club Paradise and Cocktail. This image was added to by the arrival of movie star Errol Flynn in 1946 when his yacht, the Zaca washed ashore in bad weather. He subsequently bought nearby Navy Island, part of historic Fort George in Port Antonio as well as hundreds of acres of farmland along the Portland coast.
Port Antonio features a trade-wind tropical rainforest climate under the Köppen climate classification. Like many areas with this climate type, average temperatures vary little throughout the course of the year, with average monthly temperatures roughly at 24 °C (75 °F) throughout the year. The town has a noticeably drier period from February through April, however it has no true dry season month as all 12 months on average easily exceeds 60 millimetres (2.4 in) of precipitation. Port Antonio averages a copious 3,000 millimetres (120 in) of rainfall annually.
|Climate data for Port Antonio|
|Average high °C (°F)||28.1
|Average low °C (°F)||19.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||224
|Average relative humidity (%) (at 13:00)||78||77||77||77||76||78||75||75||77||80||81||81||78|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||189.1||178.0||210.8||222.0||223.2||210.0||235.6||235.6||216.0||213.9||195.0||189.1||2,518.3|
|Mean daily sunshine hours||6.1||6.3||6.8||7.4||7.2||7.0||7.6||7.6||7.2||6.9||6.5||6.1||6.9|
|Source: Meteorological Service (Jamaica)|
One popular sight in this area is the Blue Lagoon, Jamaica, which owes its colour to its depth of 200 feet. Other sights include the secluded Frenchman's Cove Beach, the ruins of Folly Mansion and the historic DeMontevin Lodge. The Rio Grande, Boston Bay and Reach Falls are also close by.
In addition there is the Bay View Eco Resort located on a former coconut plantation and Pimento Lodge in Long Bay.
Port Antonio is a hub for bus transport in the north east of the island.
Port Antonio was the terminus of the now abandoned railway from Kingston via Spanish Town and Bog Walk, which was primarily built to serve the banana export trade.
In popular culture
- C.V. Black, A History of Jamaica (London: Collins, 1975), p. 38.
- "Jamaica Port Antonio History". jamaicaportantonio.com. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- "Mean Climatological Data" (PDF). Meteorological Service (Jamaica). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 September 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
- Schaffner, Franklin J. (1995). Scarecrow Filmmakers Series. Scarecrow Publishing. p. 277. ISBN 978-0-8108-1799-9.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Port Antonio.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Port Antonio.|