Poprad (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈpɔpɾat]; German: Deutschendorf) is a city in northern Slovakia at the foot of the High Tatra Mountains, famous for its picturesque historic centre and as a holiday resort. It is the biggest town of the Spiš region and the tenth largest city in Slovakia, with a population of approximately 50,000.
Central Poprad in winter
Coat of arms
Location in Slovakia
|Coordinates: 49°03′34″N 20°17′51″E|
|• Mayor||Anton Danko|
|• Total||62.997 km2 (24.323 sq mi)|
|Elevation||672 m (2,205 ft)|
|• Density||810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The Poprad-Tatry Airport is an international airport located just outside the city. Poprad is also the starting point of the Tatra Electric Railway (known in Slovak as Tatranská elektrická železnica), a set of special narrow-gauge trains (trams) connecting the resorts in the High Tatras with each other and with Poprad. Main line trains link Poprad to other destinations in Slovakia and beyond; in particular, there are through trains running from Poprad to Prague in the Czech Republic.
The territory was since the Migration Period inhabited by Slavic settlers. The first written record dates from March 16, 1256 in the deed of donation of the Hungarian King Bela IV. It was colonized in the 13th century by German settlers and became the largely German town Deutschendorf meaning 'Germans' village'. From 1412 to 1770, as one of the Spis towns, Poprad was pawned by the Kingdom of Hungary to the Kingdom of Poland, resulting in a strong Polish influence on the city's further development. In the 17th century, the number of Germans began to decline. In January 1919 this territory was placed under the control of Czechoslovakia.
Poprad itself was for 690 years (up until 1946) just one of several neighbouring settlements, which currently make up the modern city. The other parts of the current municipality are Matejovce (German: Matzdorf; Hungarian: Mateóc, first reference 1251), Spišská Sobota (German: Georgenberg; Hungarian: Szepesszombat, 1256), Veľká (German/Hungarian: Felka, 1268), and Stráže pod Tatrami (German: Michelsdorf; Hungarian: Strázsa, 1276). The most significant of these original towns was Georgenberg, now Spišská Sobota, which preserved its dominant position in the area until the late 19th century.
In 1942, during World War II, most of the transports of Jews to ghettos and concentration camps in German-occupied Poland were sent from the Poprad railway station. The first transport of about 1,000 Jewish girls and young women left Poprad on March 25, 1942 for Auschwitz-Birkenau. By the end of 1942, when the deportations stopped, over 58,000 Jews had been deported from Slovakia to Poland via Poprad.
After the war, with the development of winter sports, Poprad became the starting point for expeditions to the High Tatras.
Poprad lies at an altitude of 672 metres (2,205 ft) above sea level and covers an area of 63 square kilometres (24.3 sq mi). It is located in northeastern Slovakia, about 110 kilometres (68 mi) from Košice and 330 kilometres (205 mi) from Bratislava (by road).
Poprad is situated on the Poprad River in the Sub-Tatra Basin, and is a gateway to the High Tatras. Mountain ranges around the city include the Levoča Hills in the east, Kozie chrbty in the south, and the Low Tatras in the southwest. The drainage divide between the Black Sea and Baltic Sea lies a bit to the west, near the village of Štrba.
Poprad lies in the north temperate zone and has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with four distinct seasons. It is characterized by a significant variation between warm summers and cold winters.
|Climate data for Poprad|
|Record high °C (°F)||11.3
|Average high °C (°F)||−0.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−5.0
|Average low °C (°F)||−9.2
|Record low °C (°F)||−29.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||23
|Source: World Weather, NOAA (extremes)|
Poprad has a population of 55,158 (as of December 31, 2005). According to the 2001 census, 94.1% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 2.1% Romani, 1% Czechs, 0.2% Hungarians, 0.2% Germans, 0.1% Rusyns, 0.1% Ukrainians, and 0.1% Poles. The religious make-up was 65.9% Roman Catholics, 16.8% people with no religious affiliation, and 7.3% Lutherans.
The historical centre is concentrated around the St. Egidius square (Námestie svätého Egídia), which is rimmed with houses predominantly from the 18th and 19th centuries. Churches in the city include the early-Gothic Catholic Church of St. Egidius from the late 13th century.
Another historical centre near Poprad is in Spišská Sobota, which was declared in 1953 to be a Town Monument Reserve. A significant landmark there is the Church of St. George, with five late-Gothic side altars and a main altar from the workshop of Master Paul of Levoča.
Modern places of interest include a new water park called AquaCity Poprad.
Between 2003 and 2014, the mayor of Poprad was Anton Danko (former international ice-hockey referee). In the November 2014 municipal elections, he lost to Jozef Švagerko (KDH – Christian democrats).
The city is divided into six boroughs for the purpose of municipal administrative division:
- Staré Mesto ["Old Town"]
- Spišská Sobota
Poprad currently has one ice hockey club, HK Poprad. Lev Poprad was another ice hockey club in Poprad, who used to play in the KHL for one season but was moved to the Czech capital, Prague, in 2012. Despite successful 2013/2014 seasons, club has ended due to financial problems. There is a number of former and current ice hockey players in NHL who were born in Poprad.
There are many football stadiums in Poprad, recently the stadium by AquaCity Poprad was reconstructed.
The local women's basketball club is Basketbalová Akadémia Mládeže Poprad (BAMP). Their matches are played in Arena Poprad.
The city's system of primary education consists of 12 public schools, and one religious primary school, enrolling in total 5,464 pupils. Secondary education is represented by four grammar schools with 1,800 students, three specialized high schools with 1,566 students, and four vocational schools with 2,045 students (data as of 2007).
Poprad-Tatry railway station links Poprad with other major destinations on Slovakia's standard gauge rail network, and with the mountains via the metre gauge Tatra Electric Railway. The direct trains SuperCity Pendolino connects Poprad with Prague.
International Poprad–Tatry Airport from 1938, is an airport with the highest elevations in Central Europe. It also offers scheduled flights to London.
- Daniela Hantuchová – professional grand slam winning tennis player
- Peter Bondra – ice hockey player, more than 500 goals in NHL
- Jan Brokoff – Baroque-era sculptor and carver (born 1652 in Spišská Sobota – died 1718 in Prague)
- Adolf Burger – author of memoirs on Operation Bernhard filmed as the Oscar-winning The Counterfeiters, grew up and trained in Poprad
- Peter Ihnačák – Ice hockey player born in 1957 in Poprad
- Leslie Kish – statistician, was born in Poprad
- Boris Prokopič – Austrian football player
- Miroslav Lajčák – diplomat, born in Poprad
- Peter Svätojánsky – ski mountaineer
- Tibor Sekelj – explorer, Esperantist, writer and lawyer
- Anton Gavel – Slovak basketball player
- Andrej Kiska – businessman, entrepreneur and former President of Slovakia
Twin towns – sister cities
Poprad is twinned with:
- "Population and migration". Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
- "Memorial plaque for deported Jews at Poprad railway station". Holocaust Memorials: Monuments, Museums and Institutions in Commemoration of Nazi Victims. Berlin, Germany: Stiftung Topographie des Terrors. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
- "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on April 27, 2007. Retrieved May 3, 2007.
- "Weather Information for Poprad". July 2011. Retrieved January 1, 2009.
- "Poprad Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
- LegendsofHockey.net. "NHL Legends of Hockey". Retrieved June 14, 2015.
- "Prehľad základných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 9, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2008.
- "Prehľad gymnázií v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 9, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2008.
- "Prehľad stredných odborných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 9, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2008.
- "Prehľad združených stredných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 9, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2008.
- "Partnerské mestá" (in Slovak). Poprad. Retrieved September 2, 2019.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Poprad.|
Photos and videos
- 360° QTVR fullscreen panoramas of the Poprad city