Poor Paddy Works on the Railway
There are numerous titles of the song including, "Pat Works on the Railway" and "Paddy on the Railway" and "Fillimiooriay". "Paddy Works on the Erie" is another version of the song.
In The American Songbag, the writer Carl Sandburg claims that the song has been published in sheet music since the early 1850s. The earliest confirmed date of publication is from 1864 from a manuscript magazine. Ernest Bourne recorded the first version, released in 1941, by Alan Lomax for the Library of Congress in 1938.
As a chanty
"Paddy on the Railway" is attested as a chanty in the earliest known published work to use the word "chanty," G.E. Clark's Seven Years of a Sailor’s Life (1867). Clark recounted experiences fishing on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland, in a vessel out of Provincetown, Mass. ca.1865-6. At one point, the crew is getting up the anchor in a storm, by means of a pump-style windlass. One of the chanties the men sing while performing this task is mentioned by title, "Paddy on the Railway."
The song was next mentioned as a chanty in R.C. Adams' On Board the Rocket (1879), in which the sea captain tells of experiences in American vessels out of Boston in the 1860s. Adams includes an exposition on sailors' chanties, including their melodies and sample lyrics. In this discussion he quotes "Paddy, Come Work on the Railway":
- In eighteen hundred and sixty-three,
- I came across the stormy sea.
- My dung'ree breeches I put on
Although these are among the earliest published references, there is other evidence to suggest that the chanty was sung as early as the 1850s. A reminiscence from the 1920s, for example, claims its use at the windlass of the following verse, aboard a packet ship out of Liverpool in 1857:
- In 1847 Paddy Murphy went to Heaven
- To work on the railway, the railway, the railway,
- Oh, poor Paddy works upon the railway.
Several versions of this chanty were audio-recorded from the singing of veteran sailors in the 1920s-40s by folklorists like R.W. Gordon, J.M. Carpenter, and William Main Doerflinger. Capt. Mark Page, whose sea experience spanned 1849-1879, sang it for Carpenter in the late 1920s.
During the mid-19th century, Irish immigrants worked to build railways in the United States. The song reflects the work that thousands of Irish section crews did as track layers, gaugers, spikers, and bolters. The song begins in 1841, during the time of the Irish diaspora.
For a number of versions, the melody of the first lines of each stanza resembles the song "Johnny I Hardly Knew Ye" and "When Johnny Comes Marching Home". Oftentimes, the song becomes faster progressively.
This song has been performed by numerous musicians and singers, including Ewan MacColl, The Weavers, Brass Farthing, Authority Zero, Luke Kelly of The Dubliners, The Wolfe Tones, The Tossers, The Kelly Family, Shane MacGowan, The Pogues and Ferocious Dog.
In the Shining Time Station episode "Impractical Jokes," two versions of this song were sung. One was sung by Tom Callinan, Matt, and Tanya, and the other was sung by Tex and Rex.
- Sandburg, Carl (1927). The American Songbag. New York : Harcourt, Brace & Co.
- Cohen, Norm & Cohen, David (2000). Long Steel Rail: The Railroad in American Folksong. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-06881-2.
- Clark, George Edward. Seven Years of a Sailor’s Life, Adams & Co. (1867) p. 312.
- Adams, Captain R.C. On Board the Rocket, D. Lothrop & Co. (1879) p. 321
- Chatterton, Edward Kemble, The Mercantile Marine, W. Heinemann (1923) p. 158
- "Browse the Collection". Hrionline.ac.uk. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
- Robert Hedin (1 May 1996). The great machines: poems and songs of the American railroad. University of Iowa Press. pp. xv–xvi. ISBN 978-0-87745-550-9. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
- "Music". Brass Farthing. Retrieved 17 November 2017.