Pontiac (electoral district)

Pontiac (formerly known as Pontiac—Gatineau—Labelle) is a federal electoral district in western Quebec, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 1949 and since 1968.

Pontiac
Quebec electoral district
Pontiac in relation to other Quebec federal electoral districts
Federal electoral district
LegislatureHouse of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Will Amos
Liberal
District created1867
First contested1867
Last contested2015
District webpageprofile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1]106,499
Electors (2015)86,585
Area (km²)[2]27,588.31
Pop. density (per km²)3.9
Census divisionsGatineau, La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais, Pontiac
Census subdivisionsAlleyn-et-Cawood, Aumond, Blue Sea, Bryson, Bois-Franc, Bouchette, Bristol, Campbell's Bay, Cantley, Cascades-Malignes, Cayamant, Chelsea, Chichester, Clarendon, Déléage, Denholm, Dépôt-Échouani, Egan-Sud, Fort Coulonge, Gatineau, Gracefield, Grand-Remous, Kazabazua, Kitigan Zibi, Lac-Lenôtre, Lac-Moselle, Lac-Nilgaut, Lac-Pythonga, Lac-Rapide, Lac-Sainte-Marie, La Pêche, L'Île-du-Grand-Calumet, L'Isle-aux-Aullumettes, Litchfield, Low, Maniwaki, Mansfield-et-Pontefract, Messines, Montcerf-Lytton, Otter Lake, Pontiac, Portage-du-Fort, Rapides-des-Joachims, Sainte-Thérèse-de-la-Gatineau, Shawville, Sheenboro, Thorne, Val-des-Monts, Waltham

From 1980 until 2011 and again in 2015, Pontiac was a bellwether electoral district whose electoral winner also was a member of the winning party.

History

The electoral district existed over three distinct periods:

Pontiac lost territory to Argenteuil—La Petite-Nation and gained territory from Hull—Aylmer and Gatineau during the 2012 electoral redistribution.

Geography

The electoral district includes:

The neighbouring ridings are Abitibi—Témiscamingue, Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou, Saint-Maurice—Champlain, Laurentides—Labelle, Argenteuil—La Petite-Nation, Hull—Aylmer and Gatineau (in Quebec) and Glengarry—Prescott—Russell, Ottawa—Orléans, Ottawa West—Nepean, Carleton—Mississippi Mills, and Renfrew—Nipissing—Pembroke (in Ontario).

Linguistic demographics

Members of Parliament

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Pontiac
1st  1867–1872     Edmund Heath Conservative
2nd  1872–1874     William McKay Wright Liberal–Conservative
3rd  1874–1878
4th  1878–1882     John Poupore Conservative
5th  1882–1887 John Bryson
6th  1887–1891
7th  1891–1892     Thomas Murray Liberal
 1892–1896     John Bryson Conservative
8th  1896–1900 William Joseph Poupore
9th  1900–1904     Thomas Murray Liberal
10th  1904–1908     Gerald Hugh Brabazon Conservative
11th  1908–1911     George Frederick Hodgins Liberal
12th  1911–1917     Gerald Hugh Brabazon Conservative
13th  1917–1921     Frank S. Cahill Liberal
14th  1921–1925
15th  1925–1926
16th  1926–1930
17th  1930–1935     Charles Bélec Conservative
18th  1935–1940     Wallace McDonald Liberal
19th  1940–1945
20th  1945–1946
 1946–1949     Réal Caouette Social Credit
Riding dissolved into Pontiac—Témiscamingue and Villeneuve
Riding re-created from Pontiac—Témiscamingue, Gatineau and Labelle
28th  1968–1972     Thomas Lefebvre Liberal
29th  1972–1974
30th  1974–1979
Pontiac—Gatineau—Labelle
31st  1979–1980     Thomas Lefebvre Liberal
32nd  1980–1984
33rd  1984–1988     Barry Moore Progressive Conservative
34th  1988–1993
35th  1993–1997     Robert Bertrand Liberal
36th  1997–2000
37th  2000–2004
Pontiac
38th  2004–2006     David Smith Liberal
39th  2006–2008     Lawrence Cannon Conservative
40th  2008–2011
41st  2011–2015     Mathieu Ravignat New Democratic
42nd  2015–2019     Will Amos Liberal
43rd  2019–present

Election results

Pontiac, 2003-present

2019 Canadian federal election
** Preliminary results — Not yet official **
Party Candidate Votes%±%Expenditures
LiberalWill Amos30,21748.9
ConservativeDave Blackburn10,41616.8
Bloc QuébécoisJonathan Carreiro-Benoit9,92916.1
New DemocraticDenise Giroux6,50310.5
GreenClaude Bertrand3,7626.1
People'sMario Belec7751.3
Veterans CoalitionShawn Stewart1940.3
Marxist–LeninistLouis Lang510.1
Total valid votes/Expense limit 61,847100.0
Total rejected ballots 661
Turnout 62,50868.2
Eligible voters 91,656
Source: Elections Canada[3][4]
2015 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%Expenditures
LiberalWill Amos34,15454.54+39.35$127,717.07
New DemocraticMathieu Ravignat14,09522.51-24.76$47,758.81
ConservativeBenjamin Woodman8,72113.93-12.26$35,653.16
Bloc QuébécoisNicolas Lepage4,3276.91-2.64
GreenColin Griffiths1,0891.74+0.11$7,418.25
Strength in DemocracyPascal Médieu1310.21$379.41
Marxist–LeninistLouis Lang1080.17
Total valid votes/Expense limit 62,625100.0 $254,590.45
Total rejected ballots 467
Turnout 63,092
Eligible voters 87,365
Source: Elections Canada[5][6]
2011 federal election redistributed results[7]
Party Vote %
  New Democratic23,80947.27
  Conservative13,18926.19
  Liberal7,64915.19
  Bloc Québécois4,8109.55
  Green8231.63
  Others870.17
2011 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%Expenditures
New DemocraticMathieu Ravignat22,37645.71+30.28
ConservativeLawrence Cannon14,44129.50-3.20
LiberalCindy Duncan McMillan6,24212.75-11.49
Bloc QuébécoisMaude Tremblay4,91710.05-12.28
GreenLouis-Philippe Mayrand8491.73-3.28
Marxist–LeninistBenoit Legros1240.25-0.01
Total valid votes/Expense limit 48,949 100.00
Total rejected ballots 413 0.84 +0.13
Turnout 49,362 60.00
Eligible voters 82,308
2008 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%Expenditures
ConservativeLawrence Cannon14,02332.70-0.93$79,996
LiberalCindy Duncan McMillan10,39624.24+0.09$20,896
Bloc QuébécoisMarius Tremblay9,57622.33-6.54$47,435
New DemocraticCéline Brault6,61615.43+5.47$12,004
GreenAndré Sylvestre2,1485.01+1.85$12,545
Marxist–LeninistBenoit Legros1120.26+0.04
Total valid votes/Expense limit 42,871 100.00 $96,386
Total rejected ballots 306 0.71
Turnout 43,177
Conservative hold Swing -0.51
2006 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%Expenditures
ConservativeLawrence Cannon16,06733.63+11.48$71,020
Bloc QuébécoisChristine Emond Lapointe13,79028.87-0.32$47,724
LiberalDavid Smith11,53924.15-14.21$50,925
New DemocraticCeline Brault4,7599.96+4.17$23,543
GreenMoe Garahan1,5123.16+2.84$4,974
Marxist–LeninistBenoit Legros1070.22-0.11
Total valid votes/Expense limit 47,774100.00 $89,728
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing -12.8
2004 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%Expenditures
LiberalDavid Smith15,35838.36-7.03$68,705
Bloc QuébécoisL. Hubert Leduc11,68529.19-2.89$15,853
ConservativeJudith Grant8,86922.15+3.70$62,101
New DemocraticGretchen Schwarz2,3175.79+3.94$2,580
GreenThierry Vicente1,6734.18+2.76$1,213
Marxist–LeninistBenoit Legros1320.33+0.13
Total valid votes/Expense limit 40,034 100.00 $87,529
  Liberal hold Swing -2.07

Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election.

Pontiac—Gatineau—Labelle, 1979-2003

2000 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
LiberalRobert Bertrand20,59045.39-0.39
Bloc QuébécoisJohanne Deschamps14,55232.080.07
AllianceJudith Grant6,58714.52
Progressive ConservativeBenoit Larocque1,7843.93-14.56
New DemocraticMelissa Hunter8361.84-0.37
GreenGretchen Schwarz6451.42
Natural LawEleanor Hyodo1840.41-0.56
Marxist–LeninistChristian Legeais920.20
IndependentThomas J. Sabourin900.20
Total valid votes 45,360 100.00
1997 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
LiberalRobert Bertrand22,73645.78+5.71
Bloc QuébécoisRobert Coulombe15,89732.01-1.55
Progressive ConservativePierre Miller9,18718.50-3.62
New DemocraticBrenda Lee1,0972.21
Natural LawMarc Lacroix4790.96
Christian HeritageThomas Sabourin2690.54
Total valid votes 49,665 100.00
1993 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
LiberalRobert Bertrand17,37740.07+9.83
Bloc QuébécoisClaude Radermaker14,55433.56
Progressive ConservativeBarry Moore9,59322.12-31.43
NationalBrian Corriveau7551.74
New DemocraticNicole Des Roches6821.57-14.63
IndependentGlen Emmett Patrick Kealey4020.93
Total valid votes 43,363 100.00
1988 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
Progressive ConservativeBarry Moore20,52253.56-8.40
LiberalBrian Murphy11,58930.24+1.69
New DemocraticJohn Trent6,20716.20+8.60
Total valid votes 38,318 100.00
1984 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
Progressive ConservativeBarry Moore21,75461.96+45.18
LiberalElizabeth Dickson10,02528.55-41.84
New DemocraticPaul Rowland2,6677.60-1.57
Parti nationalisteDominique Dealbuquerque5241.49
Commonwealth of CanadaDonna Craig-Méthot1410.40
Total valid votes 35,111 100.00
1980 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
LiberalThomas Lefebvre21,60570.39+6.62
Progressive ConservativeAndré Benoit5,15116.78-1.64
New DemocraticJean-Pierre Paillet2,8139.16+3.87
RhinocerosGaston Lagaffe Beauregard6432.09+0.22
Union populaireVianney Lehouiller3061.00+0.07
Marxist–LeninistAlain Charette1760.57
Total valid votes 30,694 100.00
1979 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
LiberalThomas Lefebvre20,25363.76+8.09
Progressive ConservativeSant Singh5,85118.42-4.82
Social CreditRita Jones3,0849.71-5.24
New DemocraticIda Brown1,6825.30-0.84
RhinocerosGaston Beauregard5971.88
Union populaireVianney Lehouiller2950.93
Total valid votes 31,762 100.00

Pontiac, 1968-1979

1974 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
LiberalThomas Lefebvre12,64255.67+4.91
Progressive ConservativeSant Singh5,27723.24+6.03
Social CreditEmmanuel Pétrin3,39414.95-13.15
New DemocraticRaymond Carrier1,3946.14+2.20
Total valid votes 22,707 100.00
1972 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
LiberalThomas Lefebvre11,78050.76+1.70
Social CreditL.-P. Larocque6,51928.09+16.51
Progressive ConservativeOctave Vallée3,99317.21-18.18
New DemocraticAndré Synnott9133.93-0.02
Total valid votes 23,205 100.00

Note: Social Credit vote is compared to Ralliement créditiste vote in the 1968 election.

1968 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%
LiberalThomas Lefebvre10,25049.07
Progressive ConservativePaul Martineau7,39235.39
Ralliement créditisteLouis-P. Larocque2,42011.59
New DemocraticJames A. wood Shannon8273.96
Total valid votes 20,889 100.00

Pontiac, 1867-1948

Canadian federal by-election, 16 September 1946
Party Candidate Votes%±%
On Mr. McDonald's death, 2 May 1946
Social CreditRéal Caouette11,41235.86+17.68
LiberalLucien Labelle10,37932.61-8.77
Progressive ConservativeHector-Émile Bélec7,48723.53+4.47
UnknownBernard Molloy1,9756.21
UnknownOscar Roy5721.80
Total valid votes 31,825 100.00
1945 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
LiberalWallace Reginald McDonald13,32541.38-2.24
Progressive ConservativeThomas Edward McCool6,13619.06
Social CreditRéal Caouette5,85218.17
Bloc populaireGeorges-Antoine Rioux4,43313.77
Co-operative CommonwealthAntoine E. Titley2,4537.62
Total valid votes 32,199 100.00
1940 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
LiberalWallace Reginald McDonald13,20643.62+12.36
Independent LiberalJoseph-Édouard Piché11,94139.44
UnknownErnest Carrier5,12816.94
Total valid votes 30,275 100.00
1935 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
LiberalWallace Reginald McDonald5,70831.26
LiberalJoseph-Édouard Piché5,62630.81
ConservativeJoseph-Aurèle Raymond4,40924.14-16.68
ReconstructionDieudonné Lapointe2,51913.79
Total valid votes 18,262 100.00
1930 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
ConservativeCharles Bélec8,88440.82+5.41
Independent LiberalJ.-Philippe Coté6,98832.11
LiberalFrank S. Cahill5,89127.07-37.52
Total valid votes 21,763 100.00
1926 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
LiberalFrank S. Cahill11,16664.59+15.36
ConservativeLucien-Alfred Ladouceur6,12135.41+5.05
Total valid votes 17,287 100.0
1925 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
LiberalFrank S. Cahill7,56249.23-17.35
ConservativeLucien Alfred Ladouceur4,66330.36+7.52
Independent LiberalArthur Lepage3,13620.42
Total valid votes 15,361 100.00
1921 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
LiberalFrank S. Cahill11,07766.58-10.92
ConservativeGeorge Benjamin Campbell3,80022.84+0.34
ProgressiveGeorge A. Landon1,76010.58
Total valid votes 16,637 100.00

Note: Conservative vote is compared to Government vote in 1917 election, and Liberal vote is compared to Opposition vote

1917 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
Opposition (Laurier Liberals)Frank S. Cahill5,54877.50
Government (Unionist)Joseph David Bastien1,61122.50-22.08
Total valid votes 7,159 100.00
1911 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
ConservativeGerald Hugh Brabazon2,05944.59+3.15
LiberalFrank "S." Cahill1,39330.16
LiberalGeorge Frederick Hodgins1,16625.25-33.32
Total valid votes 4,618 100.00
1908 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
LiberalGeorge Frederick Hodgins2,54358.57+9.78
ConservativeGerald Hugh Brabazon1,79941.43-9.78
Total valid votes 4,342 100.00
1904 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
ConservativeGerald Hugh Brabazon2,00151.22+3.87
LiberalGeorge Frederick Hodgins1,90648.78-3.87
Total valid votes 3,907 100.00
1900 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
LiberalThomas Murray1,79852.65+12.27
ConservativeGerald Hugh Brabazon1,61747.35-12.27
Total valid votes 3,415 100.00
1896 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
ConservativeW.J. Poupore1,98059.62
LiberalT.C. Gaboury1,34140.38
Total valid votes 3,321 100.00
By-election on 26 June 1892

On election being declared void, 9 May 1892

Party Candidate Votes
ConservativeJohn Bryson??
LiberalThomas Murray??
1891 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
LiberalThomas Murray1,10041.01+4.52
UnknownH.M. McLean79529.64
ConservativeJohn Bryson78729.34-34.16
Total valid votes 2,682 100.00
1887 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
ConservativeJohn Bryson1,68163.51+17.40
LiberalThomas Craig96636.49
Total valid votes 2,647 100.00
1882 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
ConservativeJohn Bryson1,04746.10-7.95
UnknownN. McCuaig93141.00
UnknownW. Somerville29312.90
Total valid votes 2,271 100.00
1878 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%
ConservativeJohn Poupore1,38154.05
UnknownThomas Murray1,17445.95
Total valid votes 2,555 100.00
1874 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–ConservativeWilliam McKay Wrightacclaimed
1872 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes%
Liberal–ConservativeWilliam McKay Wright1,60454.80
UnknownThomas Murray1,32345.20
Total valid votes 2,927 100.00
1867 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
ConservativeEdmund Heathacclaimed

See also

References

  • "(Code 24050) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
  • Campaign expense data from Elections Canada

Riding history from the Library of Parliament:

Notes

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