Pompei

Pompei (Italian: [pomˈpɛi]; Neapolitan: Pumpeje [pumˈbɛːjə]) is a city and comune in the Metropolitan City of Naples in Italy, home of the ancient Roman ruins part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Pompei

Pumpeje  (Neapolitan)

Coat of arms
Location of Pompei
Pompei
Location of Pompei in Italy
Pompei
Pompei (Campania)
Coordinates: 40°45′N 14°30′E
CountryItaly
RegionCampania
Metropolitan cityNaples (NA)
FrazioniMessigno, Messigno, Ponte Nuovo, Treponti, Fontanelle, Parrelle, Ponte Izzo, Ponte Persica, Fossavalle, Chiesa della Giuliana
Government
  MayorSergio Amitrano
Area
  Total12 km2 (5 sq mi)
Elevation
14 m (46 ft)
Population
 (1 January 2016)[2]
  Total25,358
  Density2,100/km2 (5,500/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Pompeiani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
80045, 80040
Dialing code081
Patron saintBeata Vergine del Rosario
Saint day8 May
WebsiteOfficial website

History

Modern Pompei was founded in 1891 after the building of the Shrine of Our Lady of Pompei by the lawyer Bartolo Longo.

Geography

The town of Pompei is located at the eastern borders of its province, and its urban area is contiguous with Scafati, in the Province of Salerno. It borders also with Torre Annunziata, Castellammare di Stabia, Boscoreale, Santa Maria la Carità and Sant'Antonio Abate.

Main Sights Main Attractions

Main attractions

The ancient city of Pompeii

The city is mainly famous for the ruins of the ancient city of Pompeii, located in the zone of Pompei Scavi. The vast archeological area is under the Unesco Patronage and attracts tourists from all around the world.

The Shrine of Our Lady of Pompei

The Shrine of Our Lady of Pompei, dedicated to Our Lady of the Rosary, has become a site for Catholic pilgrimages in recent years. It houses a canvas by Luca Giordano. It was founded by a convert who experienced a divine grace from Blessed Virgin Mary; miracles are reported since its foundation and the Rosary is a devotion associated with great graces for anyone who faithfully prays it. The ex-votos that cover the walls of the church are an impressive testimonial of the miracles granted from Blessed Virgin Mary since the church was consecrated in 1891. Many churches, chapels, and shrines in the world are dedicated to Our Lady of Pompei.

The Bell Tower

The bell tower was built between 1912 and 1925. Designed by Aristide Leonori and his brother Pio Leonori, the bell tower is 80 metres high (260 ft). The top of the bell tower, which can be reached by taking a lift, allows visitors to enjoy a splendid view of the modern city, Mount Vesuvius and part of the ancient city of Pompeii.

Sacred Architecture

  • Shrine of Our Lady of Pompei
  • Church of San Salvatore
  • Church of Sacro Cuore di Gesù
  • Church of San Giuseppe sposo della Beata Vergine
  • Church of Santa Maria Assunta in Cielo
  • Church of Immacolata Concezione
  • Church of Madonna dell'Arco
  • Chapel of Madonna delle Grazie
  • Chuch of Sacri Cuori di Gesù e Maria

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
18615,615    
18715,753+0.24%
18816,267+0.86%
19017,342+0.79%
19117,684+0.46%
YearPop.±% p.a.
19218,382+0.87%
193110,054+1.84%
193611,792+3.24%
195115,035+1.63%
196120,366+3.08%
YearPop.±% p.a.
197121,547+0.57%
198122,934+0.63%
199125,177+0.94%
200125,751+0.23%
201125,620−0.05%
Source: ISTAT

Transportation

Road

Pompei is served by the motorway A3 at the exits of Pompei-Scafati, Pompei Ovest (close to the ruins of Villa of the Mysteries) and also Castellammare di Stabia. It is crossed by the national roads SS 18 and SS 145.

Railways

On the Naples-Salerno line, owned by FS, is situated the main railway station and a little stop named Pompei Scavi (ruins of P.), closed in the 1970s. Onto two lines owned by the SFSM - Circumvesuviana, Pompei counts a total of 4 station. Pompei Santuario (P. Sanctuary, in the middle of the town) and Pompei Valle (close to Pompeii) lies on the Torre Annunziata-Pompei-Poggiomarino line. Pompei Scavi-Villa dei Misteri (serving the Villa of the Mysteries) and Moregine lie on the Naples-Torre Annunziata-Castellammare-Sorrento line.

Airports

The nearest airports are:

Football

Pompei's main football team has been the A.S.D. Città di Pompei. The team no longer exists today.

Notable people

Twin towns


References

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
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