Poltava Oblast

Poltava Oblast (Ukrainian: Полтавська область, translit. Poltavs’ka oblast’; also referred to as PoltavshchynaUkrainian: Полтавщина) is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Poltava. Most of its territory is part of the historic Cossack Hetmanate (its southern regions: Poltava, Myrhorod, Lubny, and Hadiach). Population: 1,438,948(2015 est.)[3]

Poltava Oblast

Полтавська область
Poltavs’ka oblast’
Nickname(s): 
Полтавщина (Poltavshchyna)
Country Ukraine
Administrative centerPoltava
Government
  GovernorOleh Syniehubov[1][2] (Servant of the People)
  Oblast council84 seats
  ChairpersonOleksandr Bilenky
Area
  Total28,748 km2 (11,100 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 6th
Population
 (2015)
  Total1,438,948
  RankRanked 12th
  Density50/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code+380-53
ISO 3166 codeUA-53
Raions25
Cities (total)15
 Regional cities5
Urban-type settlements21
Villages1831
FIPS 10-4UP18
Websitewww.oblrada.pl.ua/

Two other important cities there are Horishni Plavni and Kremenchuk.

Geography

Poltava Oblast is situated in the central part of Ukraine. Located on the left bank of Dnieper, Poltava region was part of the Cossack Hetmanate. It has an area of 28,800 km². The oblast borders upon Chernihiv, Sumy, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Kirovohrad, Cherkasy and Kyiv regions.

Points of interest

The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

  • Gogol preserve-museum
  • Kotliarevsky villa
  • Mykolaivska Church
  • Poltava ethnical museum
  • Cross-Erecting monastery

Demographics

As of May 1, 2005, its population was 1,584,446, and population density was 59 people per 1 km².

Age structure

0–14 years: 13.2% (male 99,444/female 93,949)
15–64 years: 69.9% (male 483,389/female 530,911)
65 years and over: 16.9% (male 81,435/female 164,861) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 41.4 years
male: 38.0 years
female: 44.7 years (2013 official)

Economy

Industry

The oblast is a center of Ukraine's oil and natural gas industry, with many wells and pipelines situated here. There is a major oil refinery plant in the city of Kremenchuk. Important iron ore processing facilities also present. In general, there are 374 large industrial organization and 618 small industrial organizations.

Agriculture

In 1999 the gross grain yield was about 1452,9 thousand tons, sugar beets – 1002,900 tons, sunflower seeds – 166,200 tons, potatoes – 279,900 tons. The oblast also produced 120,500 tons of meat, 645,900 tons of milk and 423,200,00 eggs. At the beginning of 1999 there were 1,311 registered farms in the region.

Administrative divisions

The oblast is divided into 25 districts, 5 cities, 21 urban villages, and 1862 villages.

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of the Poltava Oblast’:

  • Administrative Center – 1 (Poltava)
  • Raions – 25;
  • City raions – 5;
  • Settlements – 1526, including:
    • Villages – 1,831;
    • Cities/Towns – 35, including:
      • Urban-type settlement – 21;
      • Cities – 15, including:
        • Cities of oblast' subordinance – 5;
        • Cities of raion subordinance – 8;
  • Rural councils – 384.

The local administration of the oblast' is controlled by the Poltava Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast’ is the Poltava Oblast’ Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

NameUkrainian NameArea
(km2)
Population
census 2015[4]
Admin.centerUrban Population Only
PoltavaПолта́ва (місто)103293,945Poltava (city)293,945
Horishni PlavniГорішні Плавні (місто)3454,701Horishni Plavni (town)52,144
KremenchukКременчу́к (місто)96223,942Kremenchuk (city)223,942
LubnyЛубни (місто)4646,820Lubny (city)46,820
MyrhorodМиргород (місто)2040,440Myrhorod (city)40,440
Chornukhy RaionЧорнухинський район68211,485Chornukhy2,581
Chutove RaionЧутівський район86122,976Chutove9,468
Dykanka RaionДиканський район67918,993Dykanka7,804
Hadiach RaionГадяцький район1,59529,767Hadiach24,005
Hlobyne RaionГлобинський район2,50044,007Hlobyne16,182
Hrebinka RaionГребінківський район59522,589Hrebinka10,926
Karlivka RaionКарлівський район85434,121Karlivka14,997
Khorol RaionХорольський район1,06234,670Khorol13,304
Kobeliaky RaionКобеляцький район1,82342,419Kobeliaky14,982
Kotelva RaionКотелевський район80019,674Kotelva12,406
Kozelshchyna RaionКозельщинський район93019,575Kozelshchyna5,981
Kremenchuk RaionКременчуцький район1,20039,699Kremenchuk (city)N/A *
Lokhvytsia RaionЛохвицький район1,30043,274Lokhvytsia20,187
Lubny RaionЛубенський район1,37831,983Lubny (city)N/A *
Mashivka RaionМашівський район88919,609Mashivka3,815
Myrhorod RaionМиргородський район1,54032,115Myrhorod (city)N/A *
Novi Sanzhary RaionНовосанжарський район1,30034,620Novi Sanzhary8,375
Orzhytsia RaionОржицький район1,00024228Orzhytsia5,369
Poltava RaionПолтавський район1,25967,095Poltava (city)N/A *
Pyriatyn RaionПирятинський район86431,809Pyriatyn15,796
Reshetylivka RaionРешетилівський район1,00926,399Reshetylivka9,340
Semenivka RaionСеменівський район1,30025,456Semenivka6,244
Shyshaky RaionШишацький район79020,423Shyshaky4,545
Velyka Bahachka RaionВеликобагачанський район1,00025,145Velyka Bahachka8,350
Zinkiv RaionЗіньківський район1,36034,700Zinkiv15,179
Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that it is named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.

Nomenclature

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Poltava is the center of the Poltavs’ka oblast’ (Poltava Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Poltava Oblast, Poltavshchyna.

References

  1. "Government adopts a series of personnel decisions". Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. October 28, 2019. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
  2. Trofimov introduces new head of Poltava Regional State Administration, Ukrinform (12 November 2019)
  3. "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  4. "Population Quantity". UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 15 January 2016.

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