Most of Frédéric Chopin's polonaises were written for solo piano. He wrote his first polonaise in 1817, when he was 7; his last was the Polonaise-Fantaisie of 1846, three years before his death. Among the best known polonaises are the "Military" Polonaise in A, Op. 40, No. 1, and the "Heroic" or "Drum" Polonaise in A♭, Op. 53.
There is also the Andante spianato et grande polonaise brillante in E♭, Op. 22, for piano and orchestra, which also exists in a solo piano version; and the Introduction and Polonaise brillante in C major, Op. 3, for cello and piano.
Polonaises for solo piano
Chopin wrote at least 23 polonaises for piano solo. Of these:
- 7, including the Polonaise-Fantaisie, were published in his lifetime
- 3 were published posthumously with opus numbers
- 6 were published posthumously without opus numbers
- at least 7 are lost.
List of polonaises by Chopin
These are for solo piano unless otherwise indicated.
|11||G minor||1817||1817||-||B. 1||KK IIa/1||S1/1||Countess Wiktoria Skarbek||Published by Chopin's father|
|-||C major||1829-30||1831||Op. 3||B. 41/52||Introduction and Polonaise brillante for cello and piano|
|-||E♭ major||1830-34||1836||Op. 22||B. 58/88||Andante spianato et grande polonaise brillante; originally for piano and orchestra, a solo piano version also exists|
|1||C♯ minor||1834-35||1836||Op. 26/1||B. 90/1||Josef Dessauer|
|2||E♭ minor||1834-35||1836||Op. 26/2||B. 90/2||Josef Dessauer|
|3||A major||1838 (October)||1841||Op. 40/1||B. 120||Julian Fontana||"Military" Polonaise|
|4||C minor||1838-39||1841||Op. 40/2||B. 121||Julian Fontana|
|5||F♯ minor||1840-41||1841||Op. 44||B. 135||Mme la Princesse Charles de Beauveau, née de Komar||"Tragic" Polonaise|
|6||A♭ major||1842||1843||Op. 53||B. 147||Auguste Léo||"Heroic" or "Drum" Polonaise|
|7||A♭ major||1845-46||1846||Op. 61||B. 159||Mme A. Veyret||Polonaise-Fantaisie|
|8||D minor||1825||1855||Op. posth. 71/1||B. 11||Some sources give 1827 as date of composition.|
|9||B♭ major||1828||1855||Op. posth. 71/2||B. 24||-||-|
|10||F minor||1828||1855||Op. posth. 71/3||B. 30||-||-|
|14||G♯ minor||1822||1864||-||B. 6||KK IVa/3||P1/3||Mme. Du-Pont||Some sources give 1824 as the composition date.|
|16||G♭ major||1829 (July)||1870||-||B. 36||KK IVa/8||P1/8|
|15||B♭ minor||1826-27||1879||-||B. 13||KK IVa/5||P1/5||"son ami Guillaume Kolberg, en partant pour Reinertz"||"Adieu" Polonaise. Includes a quotation from Rossini's La gazza ladra (the tenor cavatina "Vieni fra queste braccia")|
|13||A♭ major||1821||1902||-||B. 5||KK IVa/2||P1/2||Wojciech Żywny||Some sources doubt this is a work by Chopin|
|12||B♭ major||1817||1947||-||B. 3||KK IVa/1||P1/1|
|-||?||"early"||-||KK Vf||"Several polonaises", now lost|
|-||?||1818||-||-||-||-||-||-||2 polonaises presented on 26 September 1818 to the Empress Maria Fyodorovna, mother of Tsar Alexander I of Russia, on the occasion of her visit to Warsaw; these are now lost|
|-||?||1825||-||-||-||KK Vf||-||-||Lost; on themes by Rossini (The Barber of Seville) and Spontini; mentioned in a letter from Chopin dated November 1825|
|-||?||1831 (by July)||-||-||-||KK Vc/1||Lost|
|-||?||1832||-||-||-||KK Vc/3||Mentioned in a letter from Chopin dated 10 September 1832|
- Ohlsson, Garrick, 1973. "Chopin: The Complete Polonaises". Angel EMI records SB-3794. Hollywood: Capitol Records.