Tambohorn or Pizzo Tambo [ˈpittso ˈtambo] (Swiss names) or Pizzo Tambò [ˈpittso tamˈbɔ] (used in Italy) is a mountain located at the eastern extremity of the Lepontine Alps on the Swiss-Italian border. The mountain lies on the German-Italian language border, west of the Splügen Pass which divides the Western Alps from the Eastern Alps.
Northeastern view of Pizzo Tambo.
|Elevation||3,279 m (10,758 ft)|
|Prominence||1,164 m (3,819 ft)|
|Isolation||16.9 km (10.5 mi)|
|Parent peak||Piz Kesch|
Location in the Alps
|Location||Graubünden, Switzerland |
|Parent range||Lepontine Alps|
|First ascent||1828 by Johann Jakob Sulzberger|
Reaching a height of 3,279 metres, it is the highest peak in the Mesolcina sub-chain which, starting from the Lugano Prealps northwards, ends near the Splügen Pass on the boundary between Lombardy (northern Italy) and the Graubünden canton of Switzerland.
The Tambo is composed mostly of metamorphic rock such as gneiss, mica-schist and phyllite, with a small layer of dolomite just under the peak. It includes three small glaciers, the severally shrunk Tambogletscher on the northeast flank and the Ghiacciaio del Tambo on the west flank, both on the Swiss side, and the by now larger Vedretta della Spianata (3,000-2,740 m) on the southeast side in Italy. Southwards the massif continues with a series of smaller peaks (the highest being the Pizzo Zoccone) before joining the Pizzo Ferré.
Pizzo Tamborello (2,669 m) is the name of the eastern shoulder overlooking the Splügen Pass.
- Retrieved from the Swisstopo topographic maps. The key col is the Splügen Pass (2,115 m).
- Retrieved from Google Earth. The nearest point of higher elevation is southeast of the Güferhorn.
- Paul Caminada, Pioniere der Alpentopographie: die Geschichte der Schweizer Kartenkunst, AS Verlag, 2003. Page 96