Pistolet automatique modèle 1935A
The Pistolet automatique modèle 1935A is a semi-automatic pistol chambered for the 7.65mm Longue cartridge, developed to compete in the 1935–37 French military trials conducted by the Commission d’Experiences Techniques de Versailles to select a new sidearm.
|Modèle 1935 pistol|
Modèle 1935A pistol
|Place of origin||France|
|Used by||See Users|
|Wars||World War II|
First Indochina War
|Designer||Charles Gabriel Petter|
|Manufacturer||Société Alsacienne de Constructions Mécaniques SACM|
|Variants||Model 1935A, 1935S|
|Mass||730 g (1.61 lb) model A, 720 g (1.59 lb) Model S|
|Length||7.75 in (197 mm)|
|Barrel length||4.29 in (109 mm)|
|Height||4.96 in (126 mm)|
|Muzzle velocity||345 metres per second (1,130 ft/s)|
|Feed system||7 Round Magazine|
The Pistolet automatique modèle 1935A (Automatic Pistol Model 1935A) or Modèle (Mle.) 1935 A is a semi-automatic pistol chambered for the 7.65mm Longue cartridge. It was developed by the Swiss Charles Petter (a former captain of French Foreign Legion), engineer of the French company Société Alsacienne de Constructions Mécaniques (SACM) and used by the French Army in several wars.
Petter designed a pistol which had some of the same design elements as the John Browning M1911 such as the grooved slide and barrel which interlocked and recoiled together until a pivoting link lowered the barrel, thus unlocking the assembly and further rearward movement of the barrel and slide together, which after reaching the point of greatest movement would be returned to battery. Along the way the slide would strip a cartridge from the magazine and push it into the chamber just prior to the under barrel link forcing the barrel up into engagement with the slide, locking the action. Petter eliminated the barrel bushing and used a full length spring guide which had the effect of removing one of the elements of inaccuracy from the M1911 design and increased functional reliability.
A unique feature of the system was an integrated fire control system. The trigger, hammer, mainspring, and sear assembly were contained in one unit. His design impressed SIG of Switzerland, who licensed it in order to produce their model 47/8 handgun (which became the Sig P210.)
It won the 1935–37 competition to produce the new French military sidearm. Initial production began in 1937, and the pistol began delivery to the French Army in late 1939, with a total of about 10,700 pistols built before German forces occupied the SACM factory in the summer of 1940. The Germans continued production of the 1935A, now designated the "Pistole 625 (f)", with about 23,850 pistols made for the German forces. Following the end of the German occupation of France in 1944, SACM resumed production of the 1935A for the French military, making a further 50,400 pistols. In total, about 84,950 1935A pistols were produced between October 1937 and February 1950.
- "L'armement français en A.F.N." Gazette des Armes (in French). No. 220. March 1992. pp. 12–16.
- "PISTOL MODEL 1935A". smallarmsreview.com. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
- Hawks, Chuck. "French Modele 35A Pistol: The First Branch on the Developmental Tree". chuckhawks.com. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
- Rottman, Gordon L. (10 May 2007). Viet Cong Fighter. Warrior 116. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781846031267.
- Medlin, Eugene and Colin Doane. The French 1935 Pistols: A Concise History. Latham, NY: Excaliber Publications, 1995.
- Medlin, Eugene and Jean Huon. French Service Handguns 1858–2004. St. Louis, MO: Tommy Gun Publications, 2004.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Modèle 1935A pistol.|
- US patent 2139203, Charles Petter, "Automatic pistol", issued 1938-12-06
- World Guns page (in English)
- littlegun.be page about SACM 1935 (in English)
- littlegun.be page about MAC 1935S (in English)
- ARMES HISTORIQUES Du XX ème Sieclepage about SACM 1935A(in French)
- ARMES HISTORIQUES Du XX ème Siecle page about MAS 1935S(in French)
- Armes Francaises page about SACM 1935A (in French)
- Armes Francaises page about MAS 1935S & MAC 1935S M1 (in French)