Pinsk

Pinsk (Belarusian: Пі́нск; Russian: Пи́нск [pʲin̪s̪k]; Ukrainian: Пі́нськ, Pins'k; Polish: Pińsk; Yiddish/Hebrew: פינסק, Lithuanian: Pinskas) is a city in Brest Region of Belarus, in the Polesia region, at the confluence of the Pina River and the Pripyat River. The region was known as the Marsh of Pinsk and is southwest of Minsk. The city's population is about 138,202.

Pinsk

  • Пінск
  •  Пинск

Flag

Coat of arms
Pinsk
Location of Pinsk in Belarus
Coordinates: 52°07′N 26°06′E
Country Belarus
RegionBrest Region
DistrictPinsk District
Mentioned1097
Area
  Total51.48 km2 (19.88 sq mi)
Elevation
141 m (463 ft)
Population
 (2013)
  Total136,096
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3 (FET)
Postal code
225700, 225710, 225716, 225745
Area code(s)+375 165
License plate1
WebsiteOfficial website

The historic city has a restored city centre, with two-story buildings from the 19th century and the early 20th century. The centre has become an active place for youths of all ages with summer theme parks and a new association football stadium, which houses the city's football club, FC Volna Pinsk.

Landmarks

Three main sights of the town are lined along the river: the Assumption Cathedral of the Monastery of the Greyfriars (1712–1730), with a campanile from 1817, the Jesuit collegium (1635–1648); a large Mannerist complex, whose cathedral was demolished after World War II by communists; and the Butrymowicz Palace (1784–1790), built for Mateusz Butrymowicz, an important political and economical figure of Pinsk and Polesie. The Church of St. Charles Borromeo (1770—1782) and St. Barbara Cathedral of the Monastery of the St. Bernard Order (1786–1787) are placed near historic centre in the former Karolin suburb, which is now part of Pinsk. The foremost modern buildings is the black-domed Orthodox Cathedral of St. Theodore.

Climate

Climate data for Pinsk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10
(50)
16
(61)
21
(70)
25
(77)
30
(86)
30
(86)
32
(90)
31
(88)
28
(82)
23
(73)
14
(57)
12
(54)
32
(90)
Average high °C (°F) −1
(30)
−1
(30)
4
(39)
11
(52)
18
(64)
20
(68)
22
(72)
22
(72)
17
(63)
11
(52)
3
(37)
0
(32)
11
(51)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.3
(22.5)
−4.3
(24.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
7.2
(45.0)
13.8
(56.8)
16.9
(62.4)
18.3
(64.9)
17.2
(63.0)
12.9
(55.2)
7.1
(44.8)
1.7
(35.1)
−2.8
(27.0)
6.9
(44.4)
Average low °C (°F) −6
(21)
−6
(21)
−2
(28)
3
(37)
8
(46)
11
(52)
12
(54)
12
(54)
8
(46)
3
(37)
0
(32)
−3
(27)
3
(38)
Record low °C (°F) −30
(−22)
−24
(−11)
−23
(−9)
−10
(14)
−2
(28)
2
(36)
6
(43)
2
(36)
−3
(27)
−11
(12)
−17
(1)
−25
(−13)
−30
(−22)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 34
(1.3)
32
(1.3)
33
(1.3)
44
(1.7)
57
(2.2)
74
(2.9)
85
(3.3)
69
(2.7)
53
(2.1)
49
(1.9)
45
(1.8)
42
(1.7)
617
(24.2)
Source: [7]

Notable residents

  • Bona Sforza, (1494-1557), Queen consort of Poland and Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania, Princess of Pinsk
  • Adam Naruszewicz (1733–1796), Polish-Lithuanian poet, historian, bishop
  • Matheus Butrymowicz (1745-1814), Polish-Lithuanian statesman, reformer of Polesye
  • Aaron of Pinsk (died 1841), rabbi
  • Napoleon Orda (1807-1883), Polish-Lithuanian musician, pianist, composer and artist
  • Vintsent Dunin-Martsinkyevich, (1808-1884), Belarusian writer, poet, dramatist and social activist, author of play "Pinskaya shlyakhta"
  • Helena Skirmunt (1827-1874), Polesian painter and sculptor
  • Baruch Epstein (1860–1941), bookkeeper, rabbi and prolific Jewish scholar, best known for his Torah Temimah commentary on the Old Testament (Torah)
  • Ivan Zholtovsky (1867-1959), Soviet architect and educator
  • Raman Skirmunt (1868-1939), Belarusian and Polesian statesman, aristocrat and landlord
  • Chaim Weizmann (1874–1952), first president of Israel, born in Motal, near Pinsk and educated in Pinsk
  • Sir Isaac Shoenberg (1880–1963), electrical engineer born in Pinsk, principal inventor of the first high-definition television system, as used by the BBC
  • Leo Zeitlin (1884–1930), composer, born in Pinsk before studying in Odessa and later moving to the U.S.A.
  • Golda Meir (1898–1978), fourth prime minister of Israel, born in Kiev, lived two years of her childhood in Pinsk
  • Simon Kuznets (1901–1985), 1971 Nobel laureate in economics
  • Theodore Odrach (1912-1964), Ukrainian and Polesian writer of novels, short stories and memoirs
  • Kazimierz Świątek (1914-2011), Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, Metropolitan Archbishop of Minsk-Mohilev and Apostolic Administrator of Pinsk
  • Semyon Furman (1920–1978), Chess grandmaster and trainer of World Champion Anatoly Karpov
  • Ryszard Kapuściński (1932–2007), Polish writer and reporter
  • Yauhen Shatokhin (1947-2012), Belarusian painter and political activist
  • Chaim Kanievsky (1928–), rabbi
  • Izya Shlosberg (1950–), Jewish American artist, born in Pinsk and lived in Pinsk for 44 years
  • William Moses Feldman, child physiologist, born in Pinsk
  • parents of Ralph Lauren, American fashion designer lived in Pinsk before moving to the U.S.A
  • Vladimir Chub (1948–), governor of Rostov Oblast in Russia
  • Igor Kolb (1977?–), principal dancer of Mariinsky Ballet
  • Olga Govortsova, (1988–) Belarusian tennis player
  • Andrzej Kondratiuk (1936–2016), Polish film director, screenwriter, actor, and cinematographer

References

  1. "Belarus - The regions of the Republic of Belarus as well as all cities and urban settlements of more than 10,000 inhabitants". City Population. Retrieved 2014-04-11.
  2. Norman Davies (2003). White Eagle, Red Star: the Polish-Soviet War, 1919–20. Pimlico. p. 399. ISBN 0-7126-0694-7. (First edition: New York, St. Martin's Press, inc., 1972.)
  3. Joshua D. Zimmerman (2004), Poles, Jews, and the Politics of Nationality. University of Wisconsin Press, ISBN 0-299-19464-7, Google Books preview, p. 16.
  4. Best of the memory books, Marcin Wodzinski, Haaretz, Books, February 2009, pp. 28–30
  5. PAT MF.271 (1936). "Original film footage: "In the land of rivers and bogs" newsreel chronicle" [W krainie rzek i moczarów]. Sygnatura: MF.271 Data wydania: 1936. Czas trwania: 00:01:16.
  6. Cezary Rudziński (2017). "History of Pinsk in the Borderlands" [Pińsk. O dziejach kresowego miasta]. Otwarty Przewodnik Krajoznawczy.
  7. weatherbase.comhttp://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=91033]. Retrieved 29 November 2017.

Further reading

  • Mordechai Nadav (2008) The Jews of Pinsk, 1506–1880; edited by Mark Jay Mirsky and Moshe Rosman; translated by Moshe Rosman and Faigie Tropper. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press,
  • (in Belarusian, Russian and English) T. A. Khvagina (2007) Pinsk and its surroundings, Minsk Vysheysha shkola, ISBN 978-985-06-1419-3,
  • (in Belarusian, Russian and English) T. A. Khvagina (2004) Pinsk: A Fairy Tale of Polessye, Minsk Vysheysha shkola, ISBN 985-06-0836-6,
  • (in Belarusian, Russian and English) T. A. Khvagina (2005) POLESYE from the Bug to the Ubort, Minsk Vysheysha shkola, ISBN 985-06-1153-7.

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