Pine Avenue

Pine Avenue (French: avenue des Pins) is an east-west street in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. This street serves as the dividing line between the downtown Ville-Marie borough and borough of Le Plateau-Mont-Royal, and also serves as the northern border of the Golden Square Mile historic district, further west.

Pine Avenue
Pine Avenue and Parc Avenue
Native nameFrench: avenue des Pins
Former name(s)Rue de l'Hôtel-Dieu
Pine Avenue.
Length2.8 km (1.7 mi)
LocationMontreal
Coordinates(45.518596, -73.57205)
East endSaint Denis Street
West endCôte-des-Neiges Road

The street borders the mountain begins at Saint Denis Street in the east, and ends at Côte-des-Neiges Road in the west. The entire length is serviced by the 144 Avenue des Pins bus.

The Montreal Neurological Institute, the former Royal Victoria Hospital, Allan Memorial Institute and the Montreal General Hospital of McGill University are on Pine Avenue, as is Cormier House, the former residence of Pierre Elliott Trudeau.

The former Pine-Parc Interchange at the intersection of Pine with Parc Avenue, now demolished, was the only constructed section of the proposed Autoroute 415.

Points of interest

History

Pine Avenue was built in the 1800s in industrial Montreal. Travelling East-West, Pine Avenue starts in the east at Saint-Denis Street, and ends in the West at Cote-des-Neiges Road, passing the south side of Mount Royal. The Religious Hospitallers of Saint Joseph relocated the Hotel-Dieu de Montreal on Saint-Urbain Street between 1859 and 1861. In 1864, a private road named rue de l'Hôtel-Dieu was created. Frederick Law Olmsted provided plans for construction of the roads on the south side of Mount Royal in 1875. The following year, in 1876, the city council finalized plans to open three roads, named Elm, Cedar, and Pine. This plan included incorporating the rue de l'Hôtel-Dieu into Pine Avenue.

Public transit

Bus routes along Pine Avenue includes the Montreal Transit Corporation’s 144 Avenue Des Pins and 360 Avenue Des Pins. The 144 bus is wheelchair accessible and connects to the Atwater or Papineau metro station and the 360 is an ‘all-night’ bus that connects to Atwater or Frontenac metro station. There are no bus lanes along the length of the road. The eastern side of Pine Avenue (east of where Pine and Park meet) has bicycle trails for safe biking in the city. Further, Pine Avenue has one of the largest entrances to the Mount Royal Mountain’s hiking trails which was just recently redone.

Pine-Park Interchange Reconstruction

In 2004 the Pine Avenue and Park Avenue intersection underwent reconstruction. Prior to 2004, the intersection had a large interchange structure. The Pine-Park Interchange was too complex or a downtown inner-city intersection. The three-year construction project, beginning in 2004, demolished the overpass in an attempt to make the intersection more friendly to pedestrians and bikers, as well as better fit the traffic needs of the downtown area. The project would completely level out the intersection. Taking just under three years, the reconstruction ended in the fall of 2007. The successful urban development project features a 2 to 1 lane merge towards Downtown Montreal to mitigate the traffic as well crosswalks making the intersection accessible to pedestrians.


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