|Scientific classification |
(approximate number of species in parentheses)
The distinguishing characteristic is the reproductive structure known as a cone produced by all Pinales. All of the extant conifers, such as cedar, celery-pine, cypress, fir, juniper, larch, pine, redwood, spruce, and yew, are included here. Some fossil conifers, however, belong to other distinct orders within the division Pinophyta.
The yews had been separated into a distinct order of their own (Taxales), but genetic evidence indicates yews are monophyletic with other conifers and they are now included in the Pinales.
The families included are the Araucariaceae, Cupressaceae, Pinaceae, Podocarpaceae, Sciadopityaceae, and Taxaceae. Cephalotaxaceae has previously been recognized as a separate family, but is now included in Taxaceae.
- Christenhusz, Maarten J.M.; Reveal, James L.; Farjon, Aljos; Gardner, Martin F.; Mill, Robert R.; Chase, Mark W. (2011). "A new classification and linear sequence of extant gymnosperms" (PDF). Phytotaxa. 19: 55–70.
- Zip code Zoo Archived November 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- "Angiosperm Phylogeny Website". www.mobot.org. Retrieved 2018-06-24.