Pilica (river)

Pilica is a river in central Poland, the longest left tributary of the Vistula river, with a length of 333 kilometres (8th longest) and a basin area of 9,258 km2 (all in Poland).[1]

Pilica River near Sulejów
Pilica River in the Vistula watershed
Physical characteristics
Vistula near Ostrowek
51°51′41″N 21°16′50″E
Length333 km (207 mi)
Basin size9,258 km2 (3,575 sq mi)
  average47.4 m3/s (1,670 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionVistulaBaltic Sea

It flows through the Polish Jura, after which it enters Central Polish Plains. Pilica flows into the Vistula near the village of Ostrowek, in a geographical region of Central Vistula Valley. In 1974, a dam was built near Sulejow, resulting in the creation of man-made reservoir Sulejow Lake, which has the area of 2,700 hectares. The region in the basin of the Pilica is sometimes called Nadpilicze, and the river itself marks boundary between Lesser Poland, and two other historical provinces of the country, Greater Poland and Mazovia.

The first "open-air river museum" in Poland, the Open-air museum of Pilica river, is located on the waterway and the Blue Springs nature reserve lies next to the river.


Left tributaries

Right tributaries

  • Czarna (Włoszczowska)
  • Czarna (Konecka)
  • Drzewiczka

A kayak route

A 228 km long "Szlak wodny Pilicy" is a kayak route on Pilica River. It begins in Zarzecze near Szczekociny and ends on a mouth of the Pilica River. Points on the route:

A section of the river is a Natura 2000 EU Special Protection Area.

See also


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