Pieter van den Hoogenband

Pieter Cornelis Martijn van den Hoogenband (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈpitɛr vɑn dɛn ˈɦoːɣə(m)bɑnt]; born 14 March 1978) is a Dutch former swimmer. He is a triple Olympic champion and former world record holder.[2]

Pieter van den Hoogenband
van den Hoogenband in 2008
Personal information
Full namePieter Cornelis Martijn van den Hoogenband
Nickname(s)The Flying Dutchman, The Dutch Dolphin, Hoogie[1]
Nationality Netherlands
Born (1978-03-14) 14 March 1978
Maastricht, Limburg, Netherlands
Height1.93 m (6 ft 4 in)
Weight80 kg (176 lb)

Early life

Born in Maastricht, Limburg, he is the son of Cees-Rein van den Hoogenband and Astrid Verver, a former Dutch 800 m freestyle silver medalist at the European Junior Championships.[3] He has a younger brother.[4]

He grew up in Geldrop, where he swam for PSV Eindhoven. His father is a team doctor with the professional football team of the same club.

Russian swimmer and four-time Olympic gold medalist Alexander Popov was his role model.[5]

Swimming career

Early career

In 1993, Van den Hoogenband achieved his first successes, performing well on the European Youth Olympic Days.[6] Before the Atlanta Games, Astrid van den Hoogenband, who was coaching the Dutch team, became frustrated with the swimmers representing the Netherlands, feeling they had much potential but would not be able to live up to it due to lack of adequate support. She pleaded with Cees to take action, as he carried much weight from his professional connections. After Astrid threatened to remove Pieter from the sport, Cees created a small foundation and signed up 20 initial sponsors who each paid $2,500 to fund a team trainer. The Dutch swimming team eventually signed contracts with Philips, Nike, and Speedo. Enough funds were raised to open a swim school in Eindhoven, Van den Hoogenband's place of residence. The team eventually grew to ten. Pieter remained the Netherlands' brightest star, and along with fellow Dutch Inge de Bruijn brought the Netherlands many victories in the sport.

Van den Hoogenband is the only swimmer in history who has managed to win both the 100–200 metre freestyle double at the Olympics and also repeat as 100 freestyle champion at the Olympics. His three Olympic Gold are the only three won by a Dutch male pool swimmer.

1996 Olympics

Van den Hoogenband's international breakthrough came at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta. Only 18 years old, he exceeded the expectations of many by finishing 4th in both the 100 m and 200 m freestyle. He won the 50 m freestyle B final, and finished 5th in the 4×100 m freestyle relay, 7th in the 4×200 m freestyle relay, and 10th in the 4×100 m medley relay.

Later career

1998 World championships

1998 World Championships
4×200 m freestyle 7:16.77
200 m freestyle 1:48.65

At the 1998 World Aquatics Championships in Perth, Australia, Van den Hoogenband won bronze medal in the 200 metre freestyle and silver in the 4×200 m freestyle relay.

2000 Olympics

2000 Summer Olympics
100 m freestyle 48.30
200 m freestyle 1:45.35
50 m freestyle 22.03
4×200 m freestyle 7:12.70

After winning 6 gold medals at the 1999 European Championships, he was one of the favourites at the 2000 Summer Olympics, but his adversaries were formidable. In the 200 m freestyle he faced the world record holder, Australian youngster Ian Thorpe, favourite of the home crowd in Sydney. In the semi-finals, Van den Hoogenband set a new world record, but Thorpe countered with a time only 0.02 s slower. In an exciting final, Van den Hoogenband equalled his time from the semi-finals to win the gold medal. In the 100 m freestyle, Van den Hoogenband again set a world record in the semi-finals and won his second gold medal, defeating the 1992 and 1996 champion, Alexander Popov. His 100 m world record stood until 21 March 2008 and was broken by France's Alain Bernard (47.60). Van den Hoogenband won two more medals, both bronze, in the 50 m freestyle and the 4×200 m freestyle relay, in which he was the final swimmer.[2]

Van den Hoogenband was named Dutch sportsman of the year in 1999, 2000 and 2004, World Swimmer of the Year in 2000, and European Swimmer of the Year in 1999, 2000, 2002 and 2004.[2]

2001 World championships

2001 World Championships
50 m freestyle 22.16
100 m freestyle 48.43
200 m freestyle 1:45.81
4×100 m freestyle 3:14.56

At the 2001 World Championships in Fukuoka, Japan, Van den Hoogenband won four silver medals in the 50 m, 100 m, 200 m freestyle events and 4×100 m freestyle relay.

2003 World Championships

2003 World Championships
100 m freestyle 48.68
200 m freestyle 1:46.43
50 m freestyle 22.29

At the 2003 World Championships in Barcelona he split a 46.70 in the medley relay which stood as the fastest 100 m freestyle split until it was topped in 2008 by the French relay veteran Frédérick Bousquet, at 46.63 seconds. Van den Hoogenbands' 46.70, however, remains as the fastest textile relay split in history. He had disappointing performances in both the 100 and 200 freestyle events though, finishing runner up to Alexander Popov and Ian Thorpe respectively, with considerably slow times. His times from previous meets in the past year, and earlier rounds of the championships, would have won both events. His winning time in the 200 freestyle at the 2002 European Championships was faster than Ian Thorpe's winning time at these Championships, but Pieter went about 2 whole seconds slower this time around. His time in the semis of the 100 freestyle at these Championships would have won the final of that event as well (won by Alexander Popov), and his 100 free relay split (with nearly a second gain from a rolling start) was 2 whole seconds faster.

2004 Olympics

2004 Summer Olympics
100 m freestyle 48.17
200 m freestyle 1:45.23
4×100 m freestyle 3:14.36

At the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, he won a gold medal in the 100 m freestyle and two silvers in the 200 m freestyle and the 4 × 100 m freestyle relay, swimming the anchor leg in 46.79 which was the 2nd fastest split in history. By finishing ahead of Michael Phelps in both the 200 m freestyle and the 4×100 m freestyle relay, he is the only swimmer to ever beat Phelps twice in Olympic competition. While technically the second was a relay, his split was faster by a large margin, and the margin of beating the U.S team by a far smaller one.

2007 World Championships

At the 2007 World Championships in Melbourne, Australia, Van den Hoogenband won a silver medal in the 200 m freestyle behind Michael Phelps.

He holds by a large margin the all-time record for most runner up finishes at the World Championships without winning.

2008 Olympics

He returned to the Olympic Games in 2008 in Beijing and finished fifth in the 100 m freestyle. He retired after the race. In the semifinals he broke his own national record that stood from 2000 Summer Olympics bringing it to 47.68 s.

In making the 100 m freestyle final, Van den Hoogenband became the first swimmer to make the finals in the same event four times.

In December of the same year, he announced his retirement.[7][8][9]

Post swimming

Van den Hoogenband continues swimming as recreation and he remains active in sports industry. He is a commentator of many swimming events, including 2012 Summer Olympics.[10] The swimming arena in the sporting centre of Eindhoven was named "Pieter van den Hoogenband Zwemstadion".

Personal life

Van den Hoogenband was married to his longtime girlfriend Minouche Smit who is also a former swimmer. They have a daughter Daphne (born 23 June 2007) and a son Sander (born 13 September 2009). In September 2012 the couple announced their divorce. Then Van den Hoogenband dated Ranomi Kromowidjojo, also a multiple Olympic gold medalist.[11] Their relationship ended in 2014. On 16 September 2016 Van den Hoogenband married Marie-José Crooijmans.[12]

Despite a fierce rivalry, Van den Hoogenband is a good friend of Australian Ian Thorpe.[13][14][15][16][17][18]

See also


  1. Pieter van den Hoogenband Retrieved 8 September 2016
  2. Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill. "Pieter van den Hoogenband". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC.
  3. Swim Swam Pieter van den Hoogenband Retrieved 29 August 2016
  4. Hoogenband/Thorpe's Journal Retrieved 29 August 2016
  5. 泳坛名将波波夫正式宣告退出 三大天王惜别前辈 Retrieved 17 September 2016
  6. "Swimming Athlete – Pieter van den Hoogenband". fitness.bf-1.com. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  7. 霍根班德隐退带走一个时代:退役但不收起泳衣 Retrieved 1 November 2016
  8. 荷兰游泳名将霍根班德宣布退役 索普来送行 Retrieved 1 November 2016
  9. 霍根班德宣布退役 Retrieved 1 November 2016
  10. Pieter van den Hoogenband : Swimming Retrieved 2 December 2016
  11. Pieter van den Hoogenband wil nog niet samenwonen met Ranomi. ad.nl. 25 April 2013
  12. Pieter Van den Hoogenband Vandaag Nog Een Keer Getrouwd Retrieved 2 December 2016
  13. 好对手=好朋友--世界游泳传奇索普与霍根班德 Retrieved 30 August 2016
  14. Australian swimmer Ian Thorpe’s gay revelations earn praise, support Retrieved 30 August 2016
  15. Pieter van den Hoogenband says "struggling" Ian Thorpe too slow for 100m Retrieved 1 November 2016
  16. Swimmer Ian Thorpe reaches his race weight as he continues preparations for competitive comeback Retrieved 1 November 2016
  17. 游泳明星霍根班德:我会想念索普 他还是有实力 Retrieved 1 November 2016
  18. Hoogie wants Thorpe to win 100m gold Retrieved 2 December 2016
Preceded by
Michael Klim
Men's 100 metre freestyle
world record holder (long course)

19 September 2000 – 21 March 2008
Succeeded by
Alain Bernard
Preceded by
Ian Thorpe
Men's 200 metre freestyle
world record holder (long course)

17 September 2000 – 27 March 2001
Succeeded by
Ian Thorpe
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Gianni Romme
Dutch Sportsman of the Year
1999 to 2000
Succeeded by
Erik Dekker
Preceded by
Erben Wennemars
Dutch Sportsman of the Year
Succeeded by
Yuri van Gelder
Preceded by
Ian Thorpe
World Swimmer of the Year
Succeeded by
Ian Thorpe
Preceded by
Denys Sylantyev
European Swimmer of the Year
Succeeded by
Roman Sloudnov
Preceded by
Roman Sloudnov
European Swimmer of the Year
Succeeded by
Alexander Popov
Preceded by
Alexander Popov
European Swimmer of the Year
Succeeded by
László Cseh
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