|The prototype Piaggio PD.808 at the 1966 Hanover Air Show wearing Italian Air Force markings|
|Role||Business & military jet|
|Designer||Douglas Aircraft Company|
|First flight||29 August 1964|
|Primary user||Italian Air Force|
Design and development
Originally named the PD.808 Vespa Jet the business jet was designed in a joint venture between Piaggio and the Douglas Aircraft Company. The basic design work was carried out by Douglas and the prototype was built at the Piaggio factory at Finale Ligure.
The PD.808 was a low-wing cantilever cabin-monoplane with tip-tanks and powered by two rear-mounted Bristol Siddeley Viper 525 turbojets. It has retractable tricycle landing gear and was originally designed with a cabin for a pilot and six-passengers.
The first Viper 525-powered prototype (with Italian Serial Number MM577) first flew on 29 August 1965, this was followed by a second Viper 525 powered prototype and two civil demonstrators.
The company tried to interest commercial operators (including offering a General Electric CJ-610 variant) the only interest was from the Italian Air Force as a liaison, training and radar calibration aircraft with an order for 25. The Italian Air Force aircraft were powered by Viper 526 turbojets.
Accidents and incidents
On 18 June 1968 one of the demonstration aircraft I-PIAI crashed in bad-weather when it flew into the side of Mount Jaizkibel, near San Sebastian, Spain, all six on-board including the Italian-business Lino Zanussi and the Piaggio chief test pilot Davide Albertazzi were killed.
Aircraft on display
- MM62015 – PD-808GE on static display in Lucca, Tuscany. It was previously operated by the Italian Air Force.
- Crew: 1/2
- Capacity: 6-10 pax
- Length: 12.85 m (42 ft 2 in)
- Wingspan: 13.2 m (43 ft 4 in) over tip tanks
- Height: 4.8 m (15 ft 9 in)
- Wing area: 20.9 m2 (225 sq ft)
- Aspect ratio: 6.25
- Airfoil: root:DES 0010-1·1-40/11° (modified) ;DES 0008-1·1-40/9° (modified)
- Empty weight: 4,830 kg (10,648 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 8,165 kg (18,001 lb)
- Fuel capacity: 1,935 l (511 US gal; 426 imp gal) in wing integral tanks plus 1,792 l (473 US gal; 394 imp gal) in 2 wing-tip tanks
- Powerplant: 2 × Rolls Royce Viper Mk526 turbojet engines at 3,330lb/f each
- Maximum speed: 852 km/h (529 mph, 460 kn) at 5,945 m (19,505 ft)
- Maximum speed: Mach 0.85
- Cruise speed: 722 km/h (449 mph, 390 kn) at 1,250 m (4,100 ft)
- Stall speed: 167 km/h (104 mph, 90 kn) at 5,902 kg (13,012 lb) landing weight
- Never exceed speed: 788 km/h (490 mph, 425 kn) (0.85M above 4,260 m (13,980 ft))
- Range: 2,128 km (1,322 mi, 1,149 nmi) with max fuel, 381 kg (840 lb) payload and 45 min fuel reserve
- Service ceiling: 13,715 m (44,997 ft)
- Rate of climb: 27.5 m/s (5,410 ft/min) at sea level and 7,176 kg (15,820 lb)
- Wing loading: 390.6 kg/m2 (80.0 lb/sq ft)
- Thrust/weight: 0.0036 kN/kg (0.37 lbf/lb)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Piaggio PD.808.|
- Sweeney, Richard L. (August 1961). "Douglas Aircraft Wings for Transport Supersonic and Space". Flying Magazine. Chicago, Ill.: Ziff-Davis Pub. Co. p. 24.
- "Vespa-Jet". Flight International. 8 March 1962. p. 367.
- Simpson 1991, pp. 232-233
- "Vespa-Jet" (PDF). Flight International. 8 August 1968. p. 367.
- "Piaggio PD.808" Aeronautica Italiana
- "PD-808 Crash" (PDF). Flight International. 4 July 1968. p. 27.
- "Airframe Dossier - DouglasPD-808, s/n MM62015 AMI, c/r I-PIAY". Aerial Visuals. AerialVisuals.ca. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
- Taylor, John W.R., ed. (1975). Jane's all the world's aircraft, 1975-76 (66th annual ed.). New York: Franklin Watts Inc. pp. 137–138. ISBN 978-0531032503.
- Rendall, David (1995). Jane's Aircraft Recognition Guide. Glasgow, UK: HarperCollinsPublishers. p. 505. ISBN 0-00-470980-2.