Piaggio Aerospace, formerly Piaggio Aero Industries, is a multinational aerospace manufacturing company headquartered in Villanova d'Albenga, Italy. It shares its ancestry with motor vehicle manufacturer Piaggio and is one of the world's oldest aircraft manufacturers.
|Società per Azioni|
|Renato Vaghi (CEO)|
|Parent||Mubadala Development Company|
Piaggio Aerospace designs, develops, manufactures and maintains aircraft, aero-engines and aircraft structural components. It has a subsidiary in the United States, Piaggio America, located at West Palm Beach, Florida.
On December 3, 2018, Piaggio Aerospace was admitted to go under receivership after declaring itself insolvent as its restructuring plan failed, less than a year after its owner, Mubadala, injected €255 million ($308 million) and repurchased its bank debt, as the P.180 Avanti deliveries fell to four in 2018 from 30 in 2008.
The Rinaldo Piaggio S.p.A. company was founded in Genoa in 1884, originally outfitting ocean liners and manufacturing rolling stock for the developing railway infrastructure at the turn of the century. Due to financial gains in this industry, Rinaldo Piaggio was able to build a factory in 1906 in Final Marina. Today, the site of Piaggio's facility is in Finale Ligure, where Piaggio Aero began to manufacture aircraft and aircraft engines.
The 1920s served as an important time in the company's history when, Piaggio Aero brought on Giovanni Pegna and Giuseppe Gabrielli, two aeronautical engineers, to help develop Piaggio's aeronautic line. Together they created modern technical solutions for aviation, that brought forth the design and build of the world's first helicopter.
Senator Rinaldo Piaggio died in 1938, at 71 years old, thus ending the Rinaldo Piaggio era. When the battles of World War II left the company's facilities in ruins, it was Rinaldo's sons Enrico, inventor of the Vespa motor scooter, and Armando, who began the rebuilding process.
1948 was the year Piaggio launched the Piaggio P.136, a twin-engine seaplane, that was operated by the Italian Air Force, when liaison transport missions were needed. Due to the increase of basic aircraft training, the German Air Force ordered 265 Piaggio P.149 units in 1953. By 1957 Piaggio created the Piaggio P.166 light transport aircraft that was marketed and produced for the military and civilian personnel worldwide.
In 1960, Piaggio, under the license of the Rolls Royce Viper and started manufacturing jet engines. This move led to the expansion of Piaggio's current business.
In 1966, the company separated into two separate entities, one was Vespa motor scooter and the other Piaggio Aero. Though one focused on the developments of the motor scooter and the other on aeronautical, both companies still maintain the Piaggio name.
By 1998, the assets of Rinaldo Piaggio S.p.A. exchanged hands and a group of entrepreneurs headed by the Di Mase and Ferrari families and Piaggio became Piaggio Aero Industries. This acquiring of assets brought Piaggio Aero Industries back to its roots, as a designer and producer of business aircraft.
In 2006 Mubadala Development Company, acquired a 35% stake Piaggio Aero Industries S.p.A. Mubadala Development Company is a wholly owned investment vehicle of the Government of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates.
In 2008, the Indian multinational conglomerate the Tata Group acquired a one-third stake in Piaggio Aero Industries, becoming one of the primary shareholders alongside Piero Ferrari, the Di Mase family and Mubadala Development Company. As part of the acquisition Tata gained the right to appoint three of the nine seats on the board, and one of the three seats on the management committee.
Piaggio Aero Industries has production facilities covering 120,000 square meters (1.3 million square feet) in the northwest Italian cities of Genoa Sestri and Finale Ligure, as well as a High Technology Center based in Pozzuoli, near Naples.
The final aircraft assembly and flight-testing of aircraft is located at main facility in Genoa, which includes the corporate headquarters. Also located here is the Company's new JAR 145 certified service center, which offers full service and support to Piaggio P.180 Avanti customers as well as other aircraft. Piaggio Aero also operates two additional service centers, one at Rome's Ciampino Airport and the other at the Pratica di Mare Air Base. These service centers provide support services to commercial, government and military customers.
Aircraft and engine component manufacturing operations, general engineering, and engine maintenance and overhaul are all undertaken at Finale Ligure. Operations include a maintenance center and two production areas, one for engines and sheet metal parts, another for major aircraft sub-assemblies and aero structures. The High Technology Center is located in the Campania region of Italy, near Naples, focuses on aero structure design and innovative systems research. It includes the Piaggio High Technology (PHT) division, a corporate research facility which focuses on innovative aeronautical technologies. The PHT division is a joint partnership between Piaggio Aero Industries, the Italian Aerospace Research Centre (CIRA), and other European research centers. The goal is to establish the PHT as a Center of Excellence for aeronautic research and development. This center is projected to continue the Piaggio Aero tradition of new and innovative aerospace technologies and products.
Piaggio Aero is building a new modern manufacturing facility in Villanova d'Albenga, about 70 kilometers west of Genoa. Designed around the principles of lean manufacturing technologies, this plant will allow Piaggio Aero to increase production capacity, production efficiency and optimize workflow.
It currently manufactures parts and performs maintenance, repair and overhaul operations on jet, turbo shaft and turboprop engines under license from Rolls-Royce and Honeywell; it also holds Long Term Agreements from other Original Equipment Manufacturers, including Pratt & Whitney, Pratt & Whitney Canada and Micro turbo, whose engines power civil and military aircraft and helicopters.
In 2000, Piaggio Aero Industries signed a collaboration agreement with Rolls-Royce to join the RTM 322 turbo shaft engine program as a manufacturing partner. Currently, Piaggio Aero Industries manufactures a significant share of the RTM322 engine parts.
In 2003 Piaggio Aero Industries was selected by Pratt & Whitney to supply the Low Pressure Turbine case and the bearing compartment housings for the F.135 engine, powering the F. 35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF).
In 2006 Piaggio Aero Industries has signed an agreement with Pratt & Whitney Canada to acquire 25% of the share capital of P&WC Turbo Engines Corp., which is in charge of the production of the PW206 – PW207 helicopter engines which fits out many helicopter models such as the Agusta A109 Power', the Eurocopter EC/135, the Bell Helicopter B427, the MD Helicopters MD900 and the Kazan Ansat. Piaggio Aero will produce engine components and will be house of the final assembly line as well as the maintenance overall al repair activities for the Pw206-207 engines.
Piaggio Aero Industries has also experience in the area of infrared suppression systems (IRS) for helicopters; the Agusta A129, part of the Italian Army fleet, is currently equipped with an IRS, designed, tested and manufactured by Piaggio Aero Industries.
- Piaggio FN.305A two-seat training variant of the Nardi FN.305 fighter
- Piaggio P.2 (single-engine low-wing single-seat monoplane fighter prototype)
- Piaggio P.3 (four-engine biplane night bomber prototype)
- Piaggio P.6 (reconnaissance floatplane)
- Piaggio P.7 (high-wing racing monoplane for the 1929 Schneider Trophy seaplane race; unflown)
- Piaggio P.8 (single-engine parasol wing single-seat reconnaissance floatplane)
- Piaggio P.9 (single-engine high-wing two-seat monoplane)
- Piaggio P.10 (single-engine three-seat biplane floatplane)
- Piaggio P.11 (single-engine single-seat lightweight biplane fighter; licensed copy of the Blackburn Lincock)
- Piaggio P.12 (twin-engine four-seat touring monoplane; licensed copy of the Blackburn Segrave)
- Piaggio P.16 (three-engine heavy bomber)
- Piaggio P.23M (four-engine commercial transport prototype)
- Piaggio P.23R (three-engine commercial transport prototype)
- Piaggio P.32 (twin-engine bomber)
- Piaggio P.50 (four-engine heavy bomber)
- Piaggio P.108 (four-engine heavy bomber)
- Piaggio P.111 (high-altitude research aircraft)
- Piaggio P.119 (single-engine single-seat fighter)
- Piaggio P.136 (amphibian flying boat)
- Piaggio P.148 (two-seat primary/aerobatic trainer)
- Piaggio P.149 (four/five-seat utility/liaison or two-seat trainer, also known as Focke-Wulf FWP-149D)
- Piaggio P.150 (two-seat trainer)
- Piaggio P.166 (utility light transport)
- Piaggio P.180 Avanti : business aircraft
- Piaggio PD-808 (twin-jet light utility transport)
- Piaggio P1XX (under development)
- Kate Sarsfield (23 Nov 2018). "Piaggio Aerospace goes into receivership". Flightglobal.
- "Tata buys one-third stake in Piaggio Aero". Reuters. 1 October 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
- "Mubadala takes full ownership of Piaggio Aerospace". Flightglobal.com. 2015-09-16. Retrieved 2016-03-24.
- Sarsfield, Kate (10 November 2014), "Piaggio Aerospace opens new manufacturing plant", Flightglobal, Reed Business Information, retrieved 11 November 2014
- Piaggio Aerospace Accessed 20 October 2014
- "Piaggio not yet ready to launch jet". Retrieved 2010-08-16.