Pharyngochromis

Pharyngochromis is a genus of cichlids native to Southern Africa where they are only known from the Zambezi, Okavango, SaveRunde and Kunene basins. There are two species, which reach up to 12 and 22 cm (4.5 and 8.5 in) in total length, respectively.[1]

Pharyngochromis
Pharyngochromis darlingi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cichliformes
Family: Cichlidae
Tribe: Haplochromini
Genus: Pharyngochromis
Greenwood, 1979
Type species
Pelmatochromis darlingi
Boulenger, 1911

Species and taxonomy

There are currently two recognized species in this genus:[1]

A few other, possibly undescribed species are known.[2][3]

Pharyngochromis, along with Chetia, Sargochromis, Serranochromis and others, form a group sometimes known as the serranochromines or Serranochromini.[3][4][5] How many other genera that are included varies, with some defining the group relatively narrowly and others broadly.[2]

References

  1. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2019). Species of Pharyngochromis in FishBase. October 2019 version.
  2. Musilová, Z.; L. Kalous; M. Petrtýl; P. Chaloupková (2013). "Cichlid Fishes in the Angolan Headwaters Region: Molecular Evidence of the Ichthyofaunal Contact between the Cuanza and Okavango-Zambezi Systems". PLoS One. 8 (5): e65047. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0065047.
  3. Joyce, D.A.; D.H. Lunt; R. Bills; G.F. Turner; C. Katongo; N. Duftner; C. Sturmbauer; O. Seehause (2005). "An extant cichlid fish radiation emerged in an extinct Pleistocene lake". Nature. 435 (7038): 90–95. doi:10.1038/nature03489.
  4. Greenwood, P.H. (1993). "A review of the serranochromine cichlid fish genera Pharyngochromis, Sargochromis, Serranochromis and Chetia (Teleostei: Labroidei)". Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Zool. 59 (1): 33–44.
  5. Bouckaert, R.; M. Steel; W. Salzburger; Z. Starostová; J.M.I. Barth; Z. Musilová; M. Matschiner (2017). "Bayesian Phylogenetic Estimation of Clade Ages Supports Trans-Atlantic Dispersal of Cichlid Fishes". Systematic Biology. 66 (1): 3–22. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syw076.


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