Peter Hildebrand Meienberg
Peter Hildebrand Meienberg (born November 27. 1929) is Swiss Benedictine missionary. He spent more than 50 years in East Africa working on refugee aid, prison reform, education, and other social determinants of health. He is known for the establishment of Faraja Foundation in Nairobi, a humanitarian relief organisation, and his prominent work on women’s prison reform that has become the blueprint of prison reform across Kenya, with the Vice-President of Kenya declaring Lang'ata Women's Prison a "model and centre of excellence to be emulated by the other ninety-two prisons in the country." Besides humanitarian work, Meienberg is also a published author of a Tanzanian Civics textbook and various hymnbooks.
Peter Hildebrand Meienberg
|Born||1929 November 17th (90 years old)|
|Alma mater||Fribourg University Columbia University|
Early life and education (1929-1961)
Peter Meienberg was born in St. Gallen, Switzerland in 1929, the second of six children. He is the older brother of author Niklaus Meienberg. Baptised in the Gallus Chapel, Meienberg attended Catholic school and "felt an inclination" towards theological work. Continuing with monastery school in the monastery of Einsiedeln, Meienberg consolidated his religious and academic studies. Here, Meienberg recalls being visited by abroad missionaries, who "whetted our appetite" for missionary work abroad. Meienberg formally applied as a candidate for missionary work in Autumn of 1951. Meienberg completed the novitiate the following year.
Meienberg was then ordained a priest in 1956, completing his Licentiate in Theology in 1957 from Fribourg University. Following recommendation from church priors, Meienberg then continued his higher education in the United States. In 1959, he graduated with a Master of Arts from Fordham University, and studied Social Anthropology and Social Psychology at Columbia University.
Missionary career (1961 - present)
Upon graduation and return to Switzerland, Peter Meienberg was sent out to Tanganyika to work under the Mission Abbey of Peramiho, an outstation of 3,000 Christians. Here, Meienberg, as an assistant priest in Songea, performed religious instruction under various capacities, first teaching Catholic education at a nearby government high school as part of the Peramiho mission. Later, Meienberg was invited by the Director of the Adult Education Institute to become a teacher of civic education and political science, to teach teachers about contemporary political issues. In 1968, Meienberg joined the mission's new project to teacher religion, African history, and civics at a Girls Secondary school.
During this time, Meienberg was also the mission's Director of Social Action. His work focused on travelling to various schools to tackle issues relating to social systems, including introducing adapted technology, rationalising equipment, and introducing credit unions for structural assistance.
Civics education textbook
During this time teaching, Meienberg saw the need for a textbook on civics education, to be used in secondary schools. This project was approved by the state Education Department, and Meienberg worked with a group of educational experts to construct a textbook based on the new constitution of Tanganyika. Through much production turmoil, this textbook was published by Oxford University Press in 1966 and was, at the time, the only official publication on Civics education for secondary school students in Tanganyika.
In 1971, Meienberg and other members of the Peramiho mission received permission from the Monastery to tour Kenya and develop a new Kenyan mission. The newly constructed mission firstly focused on pastoral care, introducing chosen locals to the basics of catechetical instruction and imparting religious instruction to local students. Meienberg's work expanded to social care, as he worked with the mission to implement dispensaries with maternity wings, feed local children milk and cornmeal, and install a new clean water supply.
In 1977, Meienberg travelled to East Pokot to live among nomadic herdsmen. There, he personally constructed a chapel, Pokot Lodge. This chapel functioned as a religious space, as well as a nursery and kindergarten. Meienberg instructed women running the kindergarten to explain the basics of healthcare and provided minimal health services for malarial, fever, and antibiotic ailments.
Urban Monastery (1979-1989)
In 1979, Meienberg was called back from East Pokot to assist in the establishment a new mission in Nairobi, primarily to serve those living in rural slums. This mission included a monastery, an educational centre, and a parish. Working as the administrator in 1986, Meienberg grew more involved with solving the social problems of the local community by paying for their rent, or donating them a blanket. During this time, Meienberg noted that "in reality, however, one should change the social systems and structures; create a more equitable system for distribution of land, increase employment opportunities, build free elementary schools and fight corruption."
The mission focused on healthcare education, and families were educated about sanitation practises, reproductive choices, and household budgeting. This education expanded to courses on sewing and weaving in a parish centre, and has since been operational.
In 1989, Meienberg moved Nanyuki to assist in an existing mission. Meienberg taught religious students and social ethics, took care of the sick in the private 'Cottage Hospital,' and provided financial assistance to students. Meienberg also invested in purchasing property, to redistribute to squatters.
In Autumn of 1989, a government order was issued to remove all squatters, and by December, the squatter huts were burned down. Meienberg spent much of the next four years fundraising for displaced peoples, buying land for the poorest families, and financing the education of about 45 children.
With the outbreak of civil war in Rwanda, Meienberg writes about hearing a voice telling him to "come to us in Goma." Arriving in Rwanda, Meienberg witnessed the scale of massacre, disease, and prosecution in Rwanda, and gave a communion in the Kibumba camp. Meienberg shortly flew to Switzerland, and began a public media campaign to raise funds for Goma, collecting 70,000 Swiss Francs in 10 days (Approximately 71,000 USD). Most of these funds were used to transport medication to refugee camps.
Meienberg welcomed many refugees to his monastery in Nairobi, and worked with doctors to establish a medical centre in the monastery. Meienberg partnered with 'Little Sisters of St. Francis' to assist in the relocation of refugees, creating initially a 'first contact' for arriving refugees, then expanding to create computer schools, sewing classes, and English language courses.
Faraja Trust and Prison reform
In 1999, Meienberg left the monastery to establish Faraja Trust, a charity initially focused on helping "socially disadvantaged individuals and families ... to rebuild a sustainable livelihood." Faraja Trust was initially fully financed by Meienberg's networks in Switzerland. Later, Meienberg purchased land to construct luxury apartments to rent to expatriates, creating a source of funding.
Women's prison reform
Upon visiting refugees thrown into prison, Meienberg noticed the poor treatment of prisoners in Lang'ata Women's Prison in Nairobi. Meienberg applied as a prison chaplain, and began implementing prison reforms. This included the distribution of cloth for underwear and sanitary towels, the addition of radio and television, the creation of hatches and windows, the establishment of sports grounds, and the installation of sewing machines, counselling chambers and reading rooms.
As Faraja Trust began to concentrate on prison reform and Meienberg's work gained more traction, Meienberg was further ably to find advocates to defend convicts in court, give them credit loans to kickstart their new lives, establish officer training to handle clientele, and construct new computer labs, living spaces, and cooking spaces. In 2013, Lang'ata Women's prison, in collaboration with Faraja Foundation, established a daycare for children of imprisoned mothers.
Meienberg's work in Lang'ata Women's prison has served as the blueprint for prison reform in Kenya, and Meienberg has consulted for several other prisons in Kenya. In 2009, Meienberg's work in prison reform was made into a documentary, The Prison and the Priest.
Faraja Trust was renamed Faraja Foundation in 2012. Today, Faraja foundation is focused on work in several city prisons to educate guards, train prisoners on computer, cooking, and employable skills, and help prisoners repatriate into society. Additionally, Faraja foundation has done work in agricultural training for young apprentices, launched initiatives to build rainwater tanks for small scale farmers.
In addition to his missionary work, Meienberg has published a number of hymn books over the years. Some of these, such as Aleluya, Sons for the Eucharistic Congress, sold more than 1 million copies. A short bibliography of his works is as follows:
- Recent Changes of Social Structure in Native Tanganyika, Fordham University, New York, 1959
- Tanganyika Citizen, A Handbook of Civics, Oxford University Press, East Africa, 1966
- The Gospel according to St. Mark and the Book of Gensis, Peramiho Girls Secondary, 1970
- Tumshangilie Bwana, Kitabu cha Sala na Nyimbo (National Prayer/Hymnbook), Kenya Episcopal Conference, Nairobi, 1976
- Aleluya, Songs for the Eucharistic Congress, Nairobit, 1985
- Tumshangilie Bwana, Kenya Episcopal Conference, Nairobi, 1987.
- Tumshangilie Bwana, Kitabu cha Nyimbo, Kenya Episcopal Conference, Nairobi 1988
- Benediktiner in Kenia, 1976-1996, Chronik der Benediktinerkongregation von St. Ottilien, 1996
- Montastic Ritual, Monastisches Rituale der Salzburger Aberkonferenz, Nairobi 2002
- English Hymns of the Liturgy of the Hours, Nairobi 2006
- Afrika - Under die Haut, 2012
- "More than just a white priest residing in Kenya". Daily Nation. Retrieved 2019-11-25.
- "Women in Jail - A Special Prison Ministry". Alive Publishing. 2010-10-19. Retrieved 2019-11-25.
- Meienberg, Peter Hildebrand, 1929-. Africa-my destiny : 50 years of service in East Africa. Nairobi, Kenya. ISBN 978-81-925371-7-7. OCLC 969438458.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- "Faraja Trust". www.faraja.net. Retrieved 2019-11-25.
- "History". www.peramiho.org. Retrieved 2019-11-25.
- "1 Aug 1994, 6 - The Boston Globe at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com. Retrieved 2019-11-25.
- "Pater Peter Meienberg - Radio". Play SRF (in German). Retrieved 2019-11-25.
- "Rede eines Flüchtlings zum Jahresende 2001". www.meienberg.net. Retrieved 2019-11-26.
- "Day Care Center Opens for Kenya's Female Prisoners". Voice of America. Retrieved 2019-11-25.
- "SWISS FILMS: The Prison And The Priest". www.swissfilms.ch. Retrieved 2019-11-25.
- "Here's how we defeat greenhouse tomato pests without using". Daily Nation. Retrieved 2019-11-25.