Peschiera del Garda

Peschiera del Garda (Italian pronunciation: [peˈskjɛːra del ˈɡarda]; Venetian: Pischera; Latin: Ardelica, Arilica) is a town and comune in the province of Verona, in Veneto, Italy. When Lombardy-Venetia was under Austrian rule, Peschiera was the northwest anchor of the four fortified towns constituting the Quadrilatero. The fortress is on an island in the river Mincio at its outlet from Lake Garda.

Peschiera del Garda

Pischera  (Venetian)
Comune di Peschiera del Garda
Location of Peschiera del Garda
Peschiera del Garda
Location of Peschiera del Garda in Italy
Peschiera del Garda
Peschiera del Garda (Veneto)
Coordinates: 45°26′N 10°41′E
CountryItaly
RegionVeneto
ProvinceVerona (VR)
FrazioniBroglie, San Benedetto di Lugana, Zanina
Government
  MayorUmberto Chincarini
Area
  Total17.63 km2 (6.81 sq mi)
Elevation
68 m (223 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
  Total9,995
  Density570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Arilicensi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
37019, 37010
Dialing code045
Patron saintSaint Martin
Saint dayNovember 11
WebsiteOfficial website

The town is encircled by massive Venetian defensive systems that have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 9 July 2017.[3]

Fortified Town of Peschiera
LocationPeschiera, Province of Verona, Veneto, Italy
TypeCultural
Criteriaiii, iv
Designated2017 (41 Session)
Part ofVenetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries: Stato da Terra – western Stato da Mar
Reference no.1533
RegionEurope and North America

History

Roman Ardelica was a town of Gallia Transpadana that occupied the site of the modern Peschiera del Garda, at the southeast angle of the Lacus Benacus (Lago di Garda), just where the Mincius (modern Mincio) issued from the lake. The name is found under the corrupted form Ariolica in the Tabula Peutingeriana, which correctly places it between Brixia and Verona; the true form is preserved by inscriptions, of which one says that it was a trading place, with a corporation of ship-owners, collegium naviculariorum Ardelicensium. (Orell. Inscr. 4108.) The town is mentioned as Arilica in Pliny the Elder's Naturalis Historia.

The fortress at Peschiera played a prominent part in most military campaigns conducted in northern Italy after 1400, especially during the Italian campaigns of the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. At the Battle of Peschiera fought on 6 August 1796, the day after the major French victory at the Battle of Castiglione, a French force commanded by general Masséna drove out the Austrians. After the Siege of Peschiera, during the First Italian War of Independence, it was taken by the Piedmontese from the Austrians, following a gallant defence by general Rath lasting six weeks, on 30 May, 1848.

Peschiera del Garda was also known for its military jail, which closed in 2002.

The commune is part of the Associazione Città del vino ("Association of Wine Cities").

In winter, the nearby Laghetto del Frassino is the most important habitat for tufted ducks in Italy (Morbioli & Sighele 2006).

World heritage site

Main sights of Peschiera del Garda

Main sights

  • Sanctuary of Madonna del Frassino (1511). It houses works by Paolo Farinati and Zeno da Verona.

Transport

Peschiera del Garda railway station, opened in 1854, forms part of the Milan–Venice railway. The town is additionally served by ferry services, which connect it to other towns on the coast of Lake Garda, including Sirmione and Desenzano del Garda.[6]

Bounding communes

Twin cities

References

  • Morbioli, Marco; Sighele, Maurizio (2006). "L'avifauna del Laghetto del Frassino (Peschiera del Garda, Verona, Veneto)". Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona Botanica Zoologia (30): 275–291. PDF fulltext
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