Percy Gardner

Percy Gardner, FSA, FBA (24 November 1846  17 July 1937) was an English classical archaeologist and numismatist. He was Disney Professor of Archaeology at the University of Cambridge from 1879 to 1887. He was Lincoln Professor of Classical Archaeology and Art at the University of Oxford from 1887 to 1925.

Percy Gardner

Born(1846-11-24)24 November 1846
London, England
Died17 July 1937(1937-07-17) (aged 90)
CitizenshipUnited Kingdom
Academic background
EducationCity of London School
Alma materChrist's College, Cambridge
Academic work

Early life

Gardner was born in Hackney, Middlesex, United Kingdom on 24 November 1846 to Thomas Gardner and Ann Pearse.[1] He was educated at the City of London School to the age of fifteen when he joined his father's stockbroker business. Having been unsuccessful in the field, in 1865 he matriculated into Christ's College, University of Cambridge. He graduated with a first-class Bachelor of Arts (BA) in the classics and moral sciences tripos in 1869.[1] In 1870, he received the one year, University of Cambridge' Whewell Scholarship in international law.[2]

Academic career

From 1871 to 1887, Gardner was an assistant in the Department of Coins and Medals at the British Museum. While there, he helped to write the first collections catalogues for Greek coins at the museum.[1] He was elected a Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge in 1872.[2] He held the first editorship of The Journal of Hellenic Studies from 1879 to 1895.[1] He was Disney Professor of Archaeology at the University of Cambridge from 1879 to 1886.[1] He then moved to the University of Oxford and held the Lincoln and Merton Professorship of Classical Archaeology from 1887 to 1925.[1] During his time at the university, he had a stimulating influence on the study of ancient, and particularly Greek, art.[3] He was succeeded by John Beazley.[1] In his later years, he also became prominent as an historical critic on Biblical subjects.[3]

Gardner died on 17 July 1937 in Oxford, England.[1]


Gardner was elected a Fellow of the British Academy (FBA) in 1903.[4] He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the Archaeological Institute of America.[5]

Personal life

Gardner was married to Agnes Reid until their marriage broke down in 1874.[1] His sister Alice Gardner was a historian and her brother, Ernest Arthur Gardner, was also an archaeologist.[6]

Selected Works

  • Stephani on the Tombs at Mycenae The Journal of Hellenic Studies, Vol. 1. (1880), pp. 94–106
  • Types of Greek Coins (1883)[7]
  • The Coins of the Greek and Scythic Kings of Bactria and India in the British Museum (1886)
  • A Numismatic Commentary on Pausanias (with Friedrich Imhoof-Blumer, 1887)
  • New Chapters in Greek History: Historical Results of Recent Excavations in Greece and Asia Minor (1892)
  • Manual of Greek Antiquities (1895)
  • Sculptured Tombs of Hellas (1896)
  • Exploratio Evangelica: A Brief Examination of the Basis and Origin of Christian Belief (1899)
  • A Grammar of Greek Art (1905)
  • A Historic View of the New Testament (1901)
  • Growth of Christianity: London Lectures (1907)
  • The Religious Experience of Saint Paul (1911)
  • The Ephesian Gospel (1915)
  • Evolution in Christian Ethics (1918)
  • A History of Ancient Coinage 700-300 B.C. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1918.


  1. "Gardner, Percy". Dictionary of Art Historians. Archived from the original on 3 October 2006. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  2. J. M. C. Toynbee and H. D. A. Major (2004). "Gardner, Percy (1846–1937)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  3.  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gardner, Percy". Encyclopædia Britannica. 11 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 462.
  4. "Record for: GARDNER, Professor". British Academy Fellows Archive. The British Academy. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  5. "Foreign Honorary Members, Archaeological Institute of American". American Journal of Archaeology. 7: 50–162. 1903. JSTOR 497071.
  6. Gillian Sutherland, 'Gardner, Alice (1854–1927)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 21 Feb 2017
  7. Oman, C. W. C. (26 May 1883). "Review of Types of Greek Coins by Percy Gardner". The Academy. 23 (577): 371–372.
Academic offices
Preceded by
Churchill Babington
Disney Professor of Archaeology
Succeeded by
George Forrest Browne
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Dyke Acland
President of the Churchmen's Union
Succeeded by
Hastings Rashdall
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