People's Council of Syria

The People's Council (Arabic: مجلس الشعب, Majlis al-Sha'ab; French: Assemblée du peuple) is Syria's legislative authority. It has 250 members elected for a four-year term in 15 multi-seat constituencies. There are two main political fronts; the National Progressive Front and Popular Front for Change and Liberation. The 2012 elections, held on 7 May, resulted in a new parliament that, for the first time in four decades, is based on a multi-party system.[2] In 2016 Hadiya Khalaf Abbas, Ph.D., representing Deir Ezzor since 2003, became the first woman elected to be the Speaker.[3][4][5][6] In 2017, Hammouda Sabbagh became the first Orthodox Christian to have held the post.[7]

People’s Council of Syria

مجلس الشعب
Hammouda Sabbagh, NPF-ASBP[1]
since 28 September 2017
Political groups

     NPF (200)

     Independents (50)
Length of term
4 years
Last election
13 April 2016
Next election
On or before 13 April 2020
Meeting place
Parliament Building, Damascus, Syria
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The council meets at least three times a year and in special occasions called by the council's president or the president of the country.[8]

Latest elections

The last elections were held on the 13th of April, 2016.[9] The elections saw a recording 11,341 candidates seeking to run in the elections, and over 5 million voters out of 8 million eligible cast their votes.[9]

The National Progressive Front won 200 out of 250 seats, 172 of which were for the Ba'ath Party, while 50 Independents held the rest of the seats.

Summary of the 4 April 2016 People's Council of Syria election results

Parties Votes % Seats Seats inside
National Progressive Front (al-jabha al-waTaniyyah at-taqaddumiyyah) 200
Popular Front for Change and Liberation 0
Non-partisans (Independent) 50
Total   250
Source: Syrian parliament

Names of legislature

The name of the legislature in Syria has changed, as follows, as has the composition and functions:

  • Under the Occupied Enemy Territory Administration (1917–1920)
  • Arab Kingdom of Syria (1920)
  • State of Syria, part of the French Mandate (1922–1930)
    • Constituent Council (1923–1925)
    • Constituent Assembly (1924–1930)
  • Syrian Republic (1930–58)
    • Council of Representatives (1932–1933)
    • Chamber of Deputies (1932–1946)
    • House of Representatives (1947–1949)
    • Constituent Assembly (1949–1951)
    • Chamber of Deputies (1953–1958)
  • United Arab Republic (1958–1961)
    • Chamber of Deputies (1958–1960)
  • Syrian Arab Republic (1961–present)

See also


  1. "Little known Syrian politician elected parliament speaker". Fox News. 28 September 2017. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  2. "Assad says Syria 'able' to get out of crisis". Al Jazeera. 2012-05-25. Retrieved 2012-06-11.
  3. Hadiyeh Khalaf Abbas Elected as First Woman Speaker of Syrian People’s Assembly
  4. Hadiyeh Khalaf Abbas elected as first woman speaker of People’s Assembly
  5. [ Hadiyeh Khalaf Abbas elected as the first woman Speaker of the People’s Assembly]
  6. Syrian Parliament Elects First Woman Speaker Since 1919
  7. انتخاب مسيحي أرثوذكسي رئيسًا لمجلس الشعب السوري (in Arabic)
  8. Phillips, Douglas A.; Gritzner, Charles F. (2010). Syria. Infobase Publishing. ISBN 9781438132389.
  9. "Assad's party wins majority in Syrian election". France 24. 17 April 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
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