Penang State Legislative Assembly

The Penang State Legislative Assembly (Malay: Dewan Undangan Negeri Pulau Pinang) is the legislature of the Malaysian state of Penang. It is a unicameral institution, consisting of a total of 40 elected lawmakers representing single-member constituencies throughout Penang. The state legislature, whose members are called State Assemblymen, convenes at the Penang State Assembly Building in Penang's capital city of George Town. The Penang State Executive Council, the executive branch of the Penang state government, is drawn from among the State Assemblymen.

Penang State Legislative Assembly

Dewan Undangan Negeri Pulau Pinang
ديوان اوندڠن نڬري ڤولاو ڤينڠ
槟城州议会
பினாங்கு மாநில சட்ட மன்றம்
14th Penang State Legislative Assembly
Type
Type
History
Founded11 July 1959 (1959-07-11)
Leadership
Abdul Rahman Abbas
since 1 May 2001 (2001-05-01)
Speaker
Law Choo Kiang[1], PHPKR
since 28 June 2013 (2013-06-28)
Deputy Speaker
Amar Pritpal Abdullah[2], PHPKR
since 2 August 2018 (2018-08-02)
Chow Kon Yeow, PHDAP
since 14 May 2018 (2018-05-14)
Opposition Leader
Muhamad Yusoff Mohd Noor[2], BNUMNO
since 2 August 2018 (2018-08-02)
Secretary
Maheswari Malayandy
Structure
Seats40
Quorum: 13
Simple majority: 21
Two-thirds majority: 27
Political groups
(As of 10 May 2018)

Government:
     Pakatan Harapan (37)

Opposition:
     Barisan Nasional (2)

  •      UMNO (2)
     PAS (1)
Committees
Elections
Plurality: First-past-the-post (40 single-member constituencies)
Last election
9 May 2018
Next election
2023
Meeting place
Penang State Assembly Building, Light Street, George Town, Penang
Website
dun.penang.gov.my

Out of the 40 seats, 37 are held by the Pakatan Harapan (PH) ruling coalition after the 2018 State Election. Within the coalition, the Democratic Action Party (DAP) holds 19 seats, the People's Justice Party (PKR) 14 seats, the Malaysian United Indigenous Party (Bersatu), and the National Trust Party (Amanah) holds two seats each. The PH coalition thus commands a supermajority in the legislature.

Meanwhile, the opposition is formed by the Barisan Nasional (BN) where all are from United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), which currently controls just two seats, and the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), which occupies only a single seat.

Current composition

PH BN GS
37 2 1
19 14 2 2 2 1
DAP PKR AMANAH BERSATU UMNO PAS


No. State Constituency Member Coalition (Party) Post
PH 37 | BN 2 | GS 1
N01PenagaMohd. Yusni Mat PiahGS (PAS)N/A
N02BertamKhaliq Mehtab Mohd. IshaqPH (BERSATU)N/A
N03Pinang TunggalAhmad Zakiyuddin Abd. RahmanPH (PKR)Deputy Chief Minister
N04Permatang BeranganNor Hafizah OthmanBN (UMNO)N/A
N05Sungai DuaMuhamad Yusoff Mohd. NoorBN (UMNO)Opposition Leader
N06Telok Ayer TawarMustafa Kamal AhmadPH (PKR)N/A
N07Sungai PuyuPhee Boon PohPH (DAP)EXCO Member
N08Bagan JermalSoon Lip CheePH (DAP)EXCO Member
N09Bagan DalamSatees MuniandyPH (DAP)N/A
N10Seberang JayaAfif BahardinPH (PKR)EXCO Member
N11Permatang PasirMuhammad Faiz Mohamed FadzilPH (AMANAH)N/A
N12PenantiNorlela AriffinPH (PKR)N/A
N13BerapitHeng Lee LeePH (DAP)N/A
N14Machang BubokLee Khai LoonPH (PKR)N/A
N15Padang LalangChong EngPH (DAP)EXCO Member
N16PeraiRamasamy PalanisamyPH (DAP)Deputy Chief Minister
N17Bukit TengahGooi Hsiao-LeungPH (PKR)N/A
N18Bukit TambunGoh Choon AikPH (PKR)N/A
N19JawiH’ng Mooi LyePH (DAP)N/A
N20Sungai BakapAmar Pritpal AbdullahPH (PKR)Deputy Speaker
N21Sungai AchehZulkifli IbrahimPH (PKR)N/A
N22Tanjong BungaZairil Khir JohariPH (DAP)EXCO Member
N23Air PutihLim Guan EngPH (DAP)N/A
N24Kebun BungaOng Khan LeePH (PKR)N/A
N25Pulau TikusChris Lee Chun KitPH (DAP)N/A
N26Padang KotaChow Kon Yeow PH (DAP)Chief Minister
N27Pengkalan KotaGooi Zi SenPH (DAP)N/A
N28KomtarTeh Lai HengPH (DAP)N/A
N29Datok KeramatJagdeep Singh DeoPH (DAP)EXCO Member
N30Sungai PinangLim Siew KhimPH (DAP)N/A
N31Batu LancangOng Ah TeongPH (DAP)N/A
N32Seri DelimaSyerleena Abdul RashidPH (DAP)N/A
N33Air ItamJoseph Ng Soon SeongPH (DAP)N/A
N34Paya TerubongYeoh Soon HinPH (DAP)EXCO Member
N35Batu UbanKumaresan AramugamPH (PKR)N/A
N36Pantai JerejakSaifuddin Nasution IsmailPH (PKR)N/A
N37Batu MaungAbdul Halim HussainPH (PKR)EXCO Member
N38Bayan LepasAzrul Mahathir AzizPH (AMANAH)N/A
N39Pulau BetongMohd. Tuah IsmailPH (PKR)N/A
N40Telok BahangZolkifly Md. LazimPH (BERSATU)N/A

Seating arrangement

The seating arrangement of the Penang State Legislative Assembly is as follows.[3]

N2 BertamN40 Telok BahangN25 Pulau TikusN32 Seri DelimaN17 Bukit TengahN24 Kebun BungaN11 Permatang PasirN38 Bayan Lepas
N30 Sungai PinangN28 KomtarN36 Pantai JerejakN23 Air Putih
N35 Batu UbanBVacant
N6 Telok Ayer TawarN20 Sungai Bakap (Deputy Speaker)
N33 Air ItamN12 PenantiCAN7 Sungai PuyuN8 Bagan Jermal
N19 JawiN14 Machang BubukN29 Datok KeramatN34 Paya Terubong
N39 Pulau BetongN31 Batu LancangN15 Padang LalangN37 Batu Maung
N18 Bukit TambunN9 Bagan DalamN16 Perai (Deputy Chief Minister II)N22 Tanjong Bunga
N27 Pengkalan KotaN1 PenagaN3 Pinang Tunggal (Deputy Chief Minister I)N10 Seberang Jaya
N13 BerapitN4 Permatang BeranganState Legal AdvisorState Financial Officer
N21 Sungai AchehN5 Sungai Dua (Opposition Leader)SecretaryN26 Padang Kota (Chief Minister)State Secretary
Speaker
Yang Di-Pertua Negeri

Role

The Penang State Legislative Assembly's main function is to enact legislation and policies relating to the State List and Joint List as defined in the Federal Constitution. Its members also provide oversight on the state's executive branch of government, ensuring the state departments and agencies enforce the aforementioned legislation.[4] Debates in the Assembly are presided over by the Speaker.

The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the Governor of Penang. The Chief Minister heads the state's executive, known as the State Executive Council, whose members are also drawn from the Assembly.

Committees

The State Assembly also consists of committees to handle administrative matters. The committees include:[5]

  • Public Accounts Committee
  • Committee on Privileges
  • House Committee
  • Standing Orders Committee
  • Constitution Committee

Speakers Roll of Honour

The following is the Speaker of the Penang State Legislative Assembly Roll of Honour, since 1959:[6]

No.SpeakerTerm startTerm end
1Sulaiman Ahmad6 January 19591 April 1964
25 April 196419 March 1969
2Harun Sirat10 May 196931 July 1974
24 August 197416 June 1978
3Hassan Md. Noh8 July 197829 March 1982
4Teh Ewe Lim22 April 198219 July 1986
5Ooi Ean Kwong3 August 19865 October 1990
6Abdul Rahman Abbas21 October 19904 April 1995
7Yahaya Abdul Hamid25 April 199510 November 1999
29 November 19992 March 2004
21 March 200412 February 2008
8Abdul Halim Hussain8 March 200827 June 2013
9Law Choo Kiang28 June 2013Incumbent

Election pendulum

The 14th General Election witnessed 37 governmental seats and 3 non-governmental seats filled the Penang State Legislative Assembly. The government side has 25 safe seats and 2 fairly safe seats. However, none of the non-government side has safe and fairly safe seat.

GOVERNMENT SEATS
Marginal
Pinang TunggalAhmad Zakiyuddin Abd. RahmanPKR38.76
BertamKhaliq Mehtab Mohd. IshaqBERSATU41.20
Sungai AchehZulkifli IbrahimPKR44.19
Telok Ayer TawarMustafa Kamal AhmadPKR44.40
PenantiDr. Norlela AriffinPKR44.95
Permatang PasirMuhammad Faiz Mohamed FadzilAMANAH45.33
Sungai BakapAmar Pritpal AbdullahPKR45.56
Telok BahangZolkifly Md. LazimBERSATU45.65
Pulau BetongMohd. Tuah IsmailPKR49.63
Seberang JayaDr. Afif BahardinPKR53.12
Fairly safe
Bayan LepasAzrul Mahathir AzizAMANAH56.17
Batu MaungAbdul Halim HussainPKR58.72
Safe
Bukit TengahGooi Hsiao-LeungPKR66.16
Sungai PinangLim Siew KhimDAP68.79
Machang BubokLee Khai LoonPKR68.98
Bagan DalamSatees MuniandyDAP72.54
Pantai JerejakSaifuddin Nasution IsmailPKR73.45
Datok KeramatJagdeep Singh DeoDAP75.25
Tanjong BungaZairil Khir JohariDAP76.37
JawiH’ng Mooi LyeDAP78.58
Air ItamJoseph Ng Soon SeongDAP79.76
Batu UbanKumaresan AramugamPKR80.43
Bukit TambunGoh Choon AikPKR81.54
Pulau TikusChris Lee Chun KitDAP82.32
PeraiProf. Dr. Ramasamy PalanisamyDAP82.46
Seri DelimaSyerleena Abdul RashidDAP82.54
KomtarTeh Lai HengDAP84.64
Bagan JermalSoon Lip CheeDAP85.37
Air PutihLim Guan EngDAP85.61
Padang KotaChow Kon YeowDAP85.76
Kebun BungaJason Ong Khan LeePKR86.27
Paya TerubongYeoh Soon HinDAP88.59
Padang LalangChong EngDAP88.66
Pengkalan KotaGooi Zi SenDAP88.87
Batu LancangOng Ah TeongDAP89.01
Sungai PuyuPhee Boon PohDAP90.17
BerapitHeng Lee LeeDAP92.06
NON-GOVERNMENT SEATS
Marginal
Permatang BeranganNor Hafizah OthmanUMNO37.87
Sungai DuaMuhamad Yusoff Mohd. NoorUMNO41.07
PenagaMohd. Yusni Mat PiahPAS53.55

See also

References

  1. Nambiar, Predeep (2 August 2018). "Guan Eng, Saifuddin to make history in Penang assembly". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  2. Dermawan, Audrey (2 August 2018). "'Lawan tetap lawan, kawan tetap kawan, dewan tetap dewan'". New Straits Times. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  3. "Persidangan Dewan Undangan Negeri Keempat Belas" (PDF). Penang State Legislative Assembly. 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  4. Role and Membership of the State Assembly Penang State Assembly Portal
  5. List of State Assembly Committees Penang State Assembly Portal
  6. Senarai Yang di-Pertua Dewan Undangan Negeri
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