Peine

Peine is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany, capital of the district Peine. It is situated on the river Fuhse and the Mittellandkanal, approximately 25 km west of Braunschweig, and 40 km east of Hanover.

Peine
Market square

Coat of arms
Location of Peine within Peine district
Peine
Peine
Coordinates: 52°19′13″N 10°14′01″E
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
DistrictPeine
Government
  MayorMichael Kessler (SPD)
Area
  Total119.51 km2 (46.14 sq mi)
Elevation
68 m (223 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
  Total49,952
  Density420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
31224–31228
Dialling codes05171
Vehicle registrationPE
Websitewww.peine.de

History

A deed from 1130 mentions Berthold von Pagin, ministerialis of Lothair III, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, who gave his name to the town in the form of Peine. The castle, Burg Peine, dates to this era or before.

The 1201, the Hildesheim Chronicle describes a feud between the bishop Hartbert von Hildesheim and the brothers Ekbert and Gunzelin von Wolfenbüttel. Earl Gunzelin von Wolfenbüttel was the commander-in-chief of the German army and seneschal in attendance of Otto IV, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. Gunzelin prevailed and won control of Burg Peine and the surrounding area.

South of the castle, Gunzelin founded the town of Peine in 1218 or 1220. In 1223, the settlement gained town privileges. Gunzelin's coat of arms has been the town's symbol ever since.

In 1256, Peine was conquered by Duke Albrecht of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, and after Gunzelin's death in 1260, his sons lost the fief of Peine to the bishop of Hildesheim.

Otto I of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, bishop of Hildesheim, 1260–1279, gave Earl Wedekind von Poppenburg the castle, town and county of Peine as a fief. Otto later incorporated Peine as a market town.

Also in 1260, Peine earned the right to mint and issue coins and was, with a few interruptions, a mint for the Bishopric of Hildesheim until 1428. In 1954 and 1956, two of the largest German medieval treasures of silver (95 pieces of round bullion, weighing 7.5 kg, dating from the 14th century) were found under the streets Stederdorfer Straße and Horstweg.

Notable natives

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Peine is twinned with:[2]

Pictures of Peine

See also

References

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