Peerage of Great Britain

The Peerage of Great Britain comprises all extant peerages created in the Kingdom of Great Britain after the Acts of Union 1707 but before the Acts of Union 1800. It replaced the Peerage of England and the Peerage of Scotland, but was itself replaced by the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1801.

The ranks of the Peerage of Great Britain are Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount and Baron. Until the passage of the House of Lords Act 1999, all Peers of Great Britain could sit in the House of Lords.

In the following table of peers of Great Britain, holders of higher or equal titles in the other peerages are listed. Those peers who are known by a higher title in one of the other peerages are listed in italics.

Some peerages of Great Britain were created for peers in the Peerage of Scotland and Peerage of Ireland as they did not have an automatic seat in the House of Lords until the Peerage Act 1963 which gave Scottish Peers an automatic right to sit in the Lords.

Ranks

The ranks of the peerage are Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount, and Baron.[1]

The last non-royal dukedom was created in 1766, and the last marquessate was created in 1796. Creation of the remaining ranks ceased when the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was formed; subsequent creations of peers were in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, and only 8 (6 non-royal and two royal) people have been created hereditary peers since 1798. These were:

NameYear CreatedTitle(s)Noted for
Sir Horatio Nelson 6 October 1798 (extinct) Baron Nelson Military Peerage–Royal Navy
Prince Edward 23 April 1799 (extinct) Duke of Kent and Strathearn
Earl of Dublin
Fourth son of King George III
Prince Ernest Augustus 23 April 1799 (suspended) Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale
Earl of Armagh
Fifth son of King George III
Sir John Scott 18 July 1799 Baron Eldon He was the incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.
John FitzGibbon, 1st Earl of Clare 31 August 1799 (extinct) Baron FitzGibbon He was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Ireland.
Also he had an imperial peerage in the House of Lords as Irish Peers was not allowed to sit in the Lords.
Alexander Hood, 1st Baron Bridport 16 June 1800 Viscount Bridport Military Peerage–Royal Navy
Charles Cadogan, 3rd Baron Cadogan 27 December 1800 Earl Cadogan
Viscount Chelsea
James Harris, 1st Baron Malmesbury 29 December 1800 Earl of Malmesbury
Viscount FitzHarris

Dukes in the Peerage of Great Britain

ShieldTitleCreationGranteeReasonMonarch

The Duke of Brandon 10 September 1711 The 4th Duke of Hamilton His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1963 as a Scottish Peer and until 1999. Queen Anne

The Duke of Manchester 28 April 1719 The 4th Earl of Manchester King George I

The Duke of Northumberland 22 October 1766 The 2nd Earl of Northumberland King George III

The Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale 24 April 1799 Prince Ernest Augustus Currently suspended

Marquesses in the Peerage of Great Britain

ShieldTitleCreationGranteeReasonMonarch

The Marquess of Lansdowne 6 December 1784 The 2nd Earl of Shelburne He was the former Prime Minister. King George III

The Marquess of Stafford 1 March 1786 Duke of Sutherland in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Marquess Townshend 31 October 1787 The 4th Viscount Townshend

The Marquess of Salisbury 18 August 1789 The 7th Earl of Salisbury

The Marquess of Bath 24 August 1789 The 3rd Viscount Weymouth

The Marquess of Abercorn 15 October 1790 Duke of Abercorn in the Peerage of Ireland.

The Marquess of Hertford 5 July 1793 The 1st Earl of Hertford

The Marquess of Bute 21 March 1796 The 4th Earl of Bute

Earls in the Peerage of Great Britain

ShieldTitleCreationGranteeReasonMonarch

The Earl Ferrers 3 September 1711 The 13th Baron Ferrers of Chartley Queen Anne

The Earl of Dartmouth 5 September 1711 The 2nd Baron Dartmouth

The Earl of Tankerville 19 October 1714 The 2nd Baron Ossulston King George I

The Earl of Aylesford 19 October 1714 The 1st Baron Guernsey

The Earl of Bristol 19 October 1714 Marquess of Bristol in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Earl of Macclesfield 15 November 1721 The 1st Baron Parker He was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain. [2]

The Earl Graham 23 May 1722 Held by the Duke of Montrose in the Peerage of Scotland since 1742. [3]

The Earl Waldegrave 13 September 1729 The 2nd Baron Waldegrave King George II

The Earl of Harrington 9 February 1742 The 1st Baron Harrington

The Earl of Portsmouth 11 April 1743 The 1st Viscount Lymington

The Earl Brooke 7 July 1746 The 8th Baron Brooke

The Earl Gower 8 July 1746 Duke of Sutherland in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Earl of Buckinghamshire 5 September 1746 The 1st Baron Hobart

The Earl of Northumberland 2 October 1749 Held by the Duke of Northumberland in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1766. [4]

The Earl of Hertford 3 August 1750 Marquess of Hertford in the Peerage of Great Britain. [5]

The Earl of Guilford 8 April 1752 The 3rd Baron Guilford

The Earl of Hardwicke 2 April 1754 The 1st Baron Hardwicke

The Earl of Ilchester 17 June 1756 The 1st Baron Ilchester and Stavordale [6]

The Earl of Warwick 30 November 1759 Held by the Earl Brooke in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1759.

The Earl De La Warr 18 March 1761 The 7th Baron De La Warr King George III

The Earl of Radnor 31 October 1765 The 2nd Viscount Folkestone [7]

The Earl Spencer 1 November 1765 The 1st Viscount Spencer

The Earl Bathurst 27 August 1772 The 1st Baron Bathurst

The Earl of Hillsborough 28 August 1772 Marquess of Downshire in the Peerage of Ireland.

The Earl of Ailesbury 10 June 1776 Marquess of Ailesbury in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Earl of Clarendon 14 June 1776 The 1st Baron Hyde

The Earl of Mansfield 31 October 1776 The 1st Baron Mansfield [8]

The Earl of Abergavenny 17 May 1784 Marquess of Abergavenny in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Earl of Uxbridge 19 May 1784 Marquess of Anglesey in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Earl Talbot 3 July 1784 Held by the Earl of Shrewsbury in the Peerage of England since 1858.

The Earl Grosvenor 5 July 1784 Duke of Westminster in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Earl Camden 13 May 1786 Marquess Camden in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Earl of Mount Edgcumbe 31 August 1789 The 1st Viscount Mount Edgcumbe and Valletort

The Earl Fortescue 1 September 1789 The 3rd Baron Fortescue

The Earl of Beverley 2 November 1790 Held by the Duke of Northumberland in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1865.

The Earl of Mansfield 1 August 1792 Held by the Earl of Mansfield in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1843. [9]

The Earl of Carnarvon 3 July 1793 The 1st Baron Porchester

The Earl Cadogan 27 December 1800 The 3rd Baron Cadogan

The Earl of Malmesbury 29 December 1800 The 1st Baron Malmesbury

Viscounts in the Peerage of Great Britain

ShieldTitleCreationGranteeReasonMonarch

The Viscount Bolingbroke 7 July 1712 Henry St John, MP [10] Queen Anne

The Viscount St John 2 July 1716 Held by the Viscount Bolingbroke in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1751. [11] King George I

The Viscount Stanhope 2 July 1717 Held by the Earl of Harrington in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1967. [12]

The Viscount Cobham 23 May 1718 The 1st Baron Cobham [13]

The Viscount Falmouth 9 June 1720 Hugh Boscawen, MP

The Viscount Lymington 11 June 1720 Earl of Portsmouth in the Peerage of Great Britain.

The Viscount Torrington 21 September 1721 Sir George Byng, Bt., MP

The Viscount Leinster 21 February 1747 Duke of Leinster in the Peerage of Ireland. King George II

The Viscount Folkestone 29 June 1747 Earl of Radnor in the Peerage of Great Britain.

The Viscount Spencer 3 April 1761 Earl Spencer in the Peerage of Great Britain. King George III

The Viscount Mount Edgcumbe and Valletort 5 March 1781 Earl of Mount Edgcumbe in the Peerage of Great Britain.

The Viscount Hamilton 8 August 1786 Duke of Abercorn in the Peerage of Ireland.

The Viscount Hood 1 June 1796 The 1st Baron Hood

The Viscount Lowther 26 October 1796 Earl of Lonsdale in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

Barons in the Peerage of Great Britain

ShieldTitleCreationGranteeReasonMonarch

The Baron Boyle of Marston 5 September 1711 The 4th Earl of Orrery, also held with the Earl of Cork since 1753. His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999. Queen Anne

The Baron Hay 31 December 1711 Held by the Earl of Kinnoull in the Peerage of Scotland since 1719.

The Baron Bathhurst 1 January 1712 Earl Bathurst in the Peerage of Great Britain.

The Baron Middleton 1 January 1712 Sir Thomas Willoughby, Bt.

The Baron Parker 10 March 1716 Earl of Macclesfield in the Peerage of Great Britain. King George I

The Baron Onslow 19 June 1716 Earl of Onslow in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. [14]

The Baron Romney 22 June 1716 Earl of Romney in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Baron Newburgh 10 July 1716 Marquess of Cholmondeley in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Baron Cadogan 8 May 1718 Earl Cadogan in the Peerage of Great Britain.

The Baron Percy 21 January 1722 [15] Held by the Duke of Northumberland in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1957.

The Baron Walpole 1 June 1723 Robert Walpole [16]

The Baron Hobart 28 May 1728 Earl of Buckinghamshire in the Peerage of Great Britain. King George II

The Baron Monson 28 May 1728 Sir John Monson, Bt.

The Baron Harrington 6 January 1730 Earl of Harrington in the Peerage of Great Britain.

The Baron Hardwicke 23 November 1733 Earl of Hardwicke in the Peerage of Great Britain.

The Baron Talbot of Hensol 5 December 1733 Earl of Shrewsbury in the Peerage of England.

The Baron Ilchester 11 May 1741 Earl of Ilchester in the Peerage of Great Britain.

The Baron Strangways 11 May 1741 Earl of Ilchester in the Peerage of Great Britain.

The Baron Edgcumbe 20 April 1742 Earl of Mount Edgcumbe in the Peerage of Great Britain.

The Baron Bruce 17 April 1746 Marquess of Ailesbury in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Baron Fortescue 5 July 1746 Earl Fortescue in the Peerage of Great Britain.

The Baron Ilchester and Stavordale 12 January 1747 Earl of Ilchester in the Peerage of Great Britain.

The Baron Ponsonby of Sysonby 12 June 1749 The 1st Earl of Bessborough His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999.

The Baron Vere of Hanworth 28 March 1750 Held by the Duke of St Albans in the Peerage of England since 1787.

The Baron Hyde 3 June 1756 Earl of Clarendon in the Peerage of Great Britain.

The Baron Walpole 4 June 1756 Held by the Baron Walpole in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1931.

The Baron Harwich 17 November 1756 Marquess of Downshire in the Peerage of Ireland.

The Baron Wycombe 17 May 1760 Marquess of Lansdowne in the Peerage of Great Britain.

The Baron Mount Stuart of Wortley 3 April 1761 Marquess of Bute in the Peerage of Great Britain. King George III

The Baron Grosvenor 8 April 1761 Duke of Westminster in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

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The Baron Scarsdale 9 April 1761 Held by the Viscount Scarsdale in the Peerage of the United Kingdom since 1911.

The Baron Boston 10 April 1761 Sir William Irby, Bt.

The Baron Pelham of Stanmer 4 May 1762 Earl of Chichester in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Baron Vernon 12 May 1762 George Venables-Vernon

The Baron Ducie 27 April 1763 Earl of Ducie in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Baron Camden 17 July 1765 Marquess Camden in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

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The Baron Digby 19 August 1765 The 7th Baron Digby His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999.

The Baron Sundridge 22 December 1766 Held by the Duke of Argyll in the Peerage of Scotland since 1770.

The Baron Apsley 24 January 1771 Held by the Earl Bathurst in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1775.

The Baron Brownlow 20 May 1776 Sir Brownlow Cust, Bt.

The Baron Cardiff 20 May 1776 Marquess of Bute in the Peerage of Great Britain.

The Baron Cranley 20 May 1776 Earl of Onslow in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

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The Baron Foley 20 May 1776 Thomas Foley

The Baron Hamilton of Hameldon 20 May 1776 Held by the Duke of Argyll in the Peerage of Scotland since 1806.

The Baron Harrowby 20 May 1776 Earl of Harrowby in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

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The Baron Hawke 20 May 1776 Edward Hawke

The Baron Southampton 17 September 1780 Charles FitzRoy

The Baron Bagot 12 October 1780 Sir William Bagot, Bt.

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The Baron Dynevor 17 October 1780 The 1st Earl Talbot

The Baron Porchester 17 October 1780 Earl of Carnarvon in the Peerage of Great Britain.

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The Baron Walsingham 17 October 1780 William de Grey

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The Baron Grantley 9 April 1782 Fletcher Norton He was the former Speaker of the House of Commons.

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The Baron Rodney 19 June 1782 Sir George Brydges Rodney, Bt.

The Baron Lovaine 28 January 1784 Duke of Northumberland in the Peerage of Great Britain.

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The Baron Somers 17 May 1784 Sir Charles Cocks, Bt.

The Baron Boringdon 18 May 1784 Earl of Morley in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Baron Eliot 13 June 1784 Earl of St Germans in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Baron Carleton 21 August 1786 The 2nd Earl of Shannon His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999.

The Baron Suffield 21 August 1786 Sir Harbord Harbord, Bt.

The Baron Tyrone 21 August 1786 Marquess of Waterford in the Peerage of Ireland.

The Baron Kenyon 9 June 1788 Sir Lloyd Kenyon, Bt.

The Baron Howe 19 August 1788 Earl Howe in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

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The Baron Braybrooke 5 September 1788 The 4th Baron Howard de Walden

The Baron Howe 19 September 1788 Earl of Malmesbury in the Peerage of Great Britain.

The Baron Fisherwick 3 July 1790 Marquess of Donegall in the Peerage of Ireland.

The Baron Verulam 6 July 1790 Earl of Verulam in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

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The Baron Gage 1 November 1790 The 2nd Viscount Gage His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999.

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The Baron Thurlow 11 June 1792 The 1st Baron Thurlow He was the incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

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The Baron Auckland 22 May 1793 The 1st Baron Auckland His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999.

The Baron Bradford 13 August 1794 Earl of Bradford in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Baron Clive 13 August 1794 Earl of Powis in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Baron Curzon 13 August 1794 Earl Howe in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Baron Dundas 13 August 1794 Marquess of Zetland in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Baron Lyttelton 13 August 1794 Held by the Viscount Cobham in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1889.

The Baron Mendip 13 August 1794 Held by the Earl of Normanton in the Peerage of Ireland since 1974.

The Baron Mulgrave 13 August 1794 Marquess of Normanby in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Baron Yarborough 13 August 1794 Earl of Yarborough in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Baron Hood 27 May 1795 Viscount Hood in Peerage of Great Britain.

The Baron Loughborough 31 October 1795 Earl of Rosslyn in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Baron Rous 28 May 1796 Earl of Stradbroke in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

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The Baron Brodrick 1 June 1796 The 4th Viscount Midleton His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999.

The Baron Stuart 4 June 1796 The 9th Earl of Moray His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1963 as a Scottish Peer and until 1999.

The Baron Stewart of Garlies 6 June 1796 The 7th Earl of Galloway His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1963 as a Scottish Peer and until 1999.

The Baron Saltersford 7 June 1796 The 2nd Earl of Courtown His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999.

The Baron Harewood 18 June 1796 Earl of Harewood in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Baron Cawdor 21 June 1796 Earl Cawdor in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

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The Baron Bolton 20 October 1797 Thomas Orde-Powlett

The Baron Carrington 20 October 1797 The 1st Baron Carrington His descendants sat in the House of Lords until 1999.

The Baron Minto 20 October 1797 Earl of Minto in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

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The Baron Lilford 26 October 1797 Thomas Powys

The Baron Wodehouse 26 October 1797 Earl of Kimberley in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The Baron Eldon 18 July 1799 Earl of Eldon in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

References

  1. "The Dukes of the Peerage of the United Kingdom". Archived from the original on 12 May 2008. Retrieved 11 May 2008.
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