Peder Hansen (bishop)

Peder Hansen (8 May 1746 – 26 October 1810) was a Danish theologian and priest. He served as a Bishop in both Norway and in Denmark from 1798 until his death in 1810. Hansen is the elder brother to Christian Frederik Hansen, the famous Danish architect.[1][2][3]

Right Reverend Doctor

Peder Hansen
ChurchChurch of Norway
Church of Denmark
DioceseChristianssand and Funen
In office1798-1810
Personal details
Born(1746-05-08)8 May 1746
Copenhagen, Denmark
Died26 October 1810(1810-10-26) (aged 64)
Odense, Denmark
EducationD.Theol. (1793)
Alma materUniversity of Halle

Personal life

Peder Hansen was born on 8 May 1746 in Copenhagen, Denmark, the son of shoemaker Matthias Hansen (c.1708–1789) and his wife Anna Marie Malling (1716–1766). He was married three times. He married Marie Hedevig Runchel in 1771, but she died just four years later. In 1777, he married Abeline Marie Clausen, but she passed away about ten years later. His third marriage, in 1798, was to Juliane Marie Rasch, and she out-lived him by nearly 25 years. Peder Hansen was a brother of architect Christian Frederik Hansen. He died in October 1810 in Odense, Denmark.[1][2][3]

Education and career

He graduated with a diploma from the school in Copenhagen in 1768 and then received a royal scholarship to study abroad. He studied theology for two years at the University of Halle in Halle in Prussia and then spent a year at the University of Jena in Jena in Thuringia. In 1771, Hansen was hired as the assistant chaplain in Helsingør where he served the local castle, Kronborg and the local prison. In this role, he was able to preach to the imprisoned Queen Caroline Mathilde who was held in the castle prior to her divorce from the King.[2]

In 1775, he was hired as the parish priest in Skanderborg. In 1779, he moved to Ringsted to become their parish priest. In 1780, was hired at the University of Halle as an extraordinary professor of theology. He was hired as the parish priest of the Helligåndskirken in the Danish capital of Copenhagen in 1787. He was called to Copenhagen with a mission of reforming the way the church worked in the poorest parts of the city. He received his doctorate in 1793 from the University of Halle.[2]

In 1798, Peder Hansen was appointed as the Bishop of the Diocese of Christianssand (in Norway). He moved to Christianssand and served the church their until 1804. During that time, he was an opponent to the Haugean movement within the Church of Norway. He was also a great proponent of improving the schools in the diocese of Christianssand as well as improving the quality of teacher education in Norway. He held courses for teachers each year. In 1804, he was appointed to be the Bishop of the Diocese of Funen back in Denmark. He held that position until his death on 26 October 1810.[1][3]


  1. Elstad, Hallgeir, ed. (2009-02-15). "Peder Hansen". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2017-05-14.
  2. Bugge Amundsen, Arne, ed. (2009-02-13). "Peder Hansen". Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2017-05-14.
  3. Jantzen, A., ed. (1893). "Hansen, Peder". Dansk biografisk Lexikon (in Danish). VII. Kjøbenhavn: Gyldendalske boghandels forlag. Retrieved 2017-05-14.
Religious titles
Preceded by
Hans Heinrich Tübring
Bishop of Christianssand
Succeeded by
Jens Bloch
Preceded by
Tønne Bloch
Bishop of Funen
Succeeded by
Frederik Plum
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