Peak inspiratory pressure

Peak inspiratory pressure (PIP) is the highest level of pressure applied to the lungs during inhalation.[1] In mechanical ventilation the number reflects a positive pressure in centimeters of water pressure (cmH2O). In normal breathing, it may sometimes be referred to as the maximal inspiratory pressure (MIPO), which is a negative value.[2]

Peak inspiratory pressure increases with any airway resistance. Things that may increase PIP could be increased secretions, bronchospasm, biting down on ventilation tubing, and decreased lung compliance. PIP should never be chronically higher than 40(cmH2O) unless the patient has acute respiratory distress syndrome.

See also


  1. Rose, Louise (2010). "Clinical application of ventilator modes: Ventilatory strategies for lung protection". Australian Critical Care. 23 (2): 71–80. doi:10.1016/j.aucc.2010.03.003. PMID 20378369.
  2. Sarkar, Subrata; Donn, Steven M. (2007). "In Support of Pressure Support". Clinics in Perinatology. 34 (1): 117–128. doi:10.1016/j.clp.2006.12.010. PMID 17394934.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.