Paul Hellyer, c. 1969 (age 46)
|Minister of Transport|
19 September 1967 – 30 April 1969
|Prime Minister||Lester B. Pearson|
|Preceded by||Jack Pickersgill|
|Succeeded by||James Armstrong Richardson|
|Minister of National Defence|
22 April 1963 – 18 September 1967
|Prime Minister||Lester B. Pearson|
|Preceded by||Gordon Churchill|
|Succeeded by||Léo Cadieux|
|Member of the Canadian Parliament|
|Preceded by||Edward Lockyer|
|Succeeded by||Aideen Nicholson|
|Member of the Canadian Parliament|
|Preceded by||John Ritchie MacNicol|
|Succeeded by||Douglas Morton|
Paul Theodore Hellyer
6 August 1923
Waterford, Ontario, Canada
|Political party||Liberal (1949-1971),|
Independent Liberal (1971),
Progressive Conservative (1972- post 1976)
|Action Canada (1971-1972),|
Canadian Action Party (1997-2004)
|Spouse(s)||Ellen Jean Hellyer (deceased)|
|Children||2 sons, 1 daughter|
|Years of service||1939-1946|
|Unit||Royal Canadian Artillery|
Hellyer was born and raised on a farm near Waterford, Ontario. Upon completion of high school, he studied aeronautical engineering at the Curtiss-Wright Technical Institute of Aeronautics in Glendale, California, graduating in 1941. While studying, he also obtained a private pilot's licence.
After graduation, Hellyer was employed at Fleet Aircraft in Fort Erie, Ontario, which was then making training craft for the Royal Canadian Air Force as part of Canada's war effort in World War II. He attempted to become an RCAF pilot himself, but was told no more pilots were necessary, after which he joined the Royal Canadian Artillery and served as a gunner for the duration of the war.
Hellyer earned a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Toronto in 1949.
Early political career
First elected as a Liberal in 1949 federal election in the riding of Davenport, he was the youngest person ever elected to that point in the House of Commons of Canada. He served a brief stint as Parliamentary Assistant to the Minister of National Defence. He was then named Associate Minister of National Defence in the cabinet of Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent. This post was short-lived, though, as Hellyer lost his seat when the St. Laurent government lost the 1957 election two months later.
Cabinet minister and Liberal leadership candidate
When the Liberals returned to power in the 1963 election, Hellyer became Minister of National Defence in the cabinet of Lester B. Pearson. This was the most significant period in Hellyer's political career. As Minister of Defence, he oversaw the drastic and controversial integration and unification of the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army, and the Royal Canadian Air Force into a single organization, the Canadian Forces.
Hellyer contested the 1968 Liberal leadership election, placing second on the first ballot, but slipped to third on the second and third ballots, and withdrew to support Robert Winters on the fourth ballot, in which Pierre Trudeau won the leadership. He served as Trudeau's Transport Minister.
In 1969, Hellyer issued a major report on housing and urban renewal in which he advocated incremental reforms rather than new government programs. He called for greater flexibility in Canada's mortgage loan system, and encouraged corporate pension funds to invest more money in housing programs. His approach did not meet with universal acceptance. Some provincial and municipal governments were openly skeptical, and Heward Grafftey, a left-leaning Progressive Conservative with an interest in housing, called for a more radical approach.
Hellyer's report also called for the suspension of the "wholesale destruction of older housing" and for "greater selectivity... in the demolition of existing houses". Grand urban renewal projects would come to an end as a result of his Task Force. Hellyer resigned from cabinet and the in 1969 over a dispute with Trudeau over the implementation of the housing program.
Hellyer sat in Parliament as an independent beginning in 1971. After his 1971 attempt to form a new political party, Action Canada, failed, Progressive Conservative leader Robert Stanfield invited him to join the PC caucus. He returned to prominence as an opposition critic and was re-elected in the 1972 election as a Progressive Conservative. He lost his seat, however, in the 1974 election.
Despite this loss, Hellyer contested the PC leadership election of 1976. His views were too right wing for most delegates, and alienated many Tories with a speech attacking Red Tories as not being "true conservatives". He finished a distant sixth of eight contestants on the second ballot; Joe Clark won the leadership.
Hellyer rejoined the Liberal Party in 1982, but remained mostly silent in politics. In 1988, he contested the Liberal nomination in the Toronto riding of St. Paul's, losing to Aideen Nicholson, who had defeated Hellyer 14 years previously when he was a Tory MP in the adjacent riding of Trinity.
Canadian Action Party
In 1997, Hellyer formed the Canadian Action Party (CAP) to provide voters with an economic nationalist option following the collapse of the National Party of Canada. Hellyer believed that both the Progressive Conservative and Liberal parties were embracing globalization, and that the New Democratic Party was no longer able to provide a credible alternative. CAP also embraced Hellyer's proposals for monetary reform: that the government should become more involved in the direction of the economy by gradually reducing the creation of private money and increasing the creation of public money from the current ratio of 5% public / 95% private back to 50% public and 50% private.
Following the 2000 election, and a resurgence for the New Democratic Party, Hellyer approached NDP leadership to discuss the possibility of merging the two parties into 'One Big Party'. This process was furthered by the passage of a unanimous motion at the CAP's convention in 2003.
In early 2004, after several extensions of the merger deadline, the NDP rejected Hellyer's merger proposal which would have required the NDP to change its name. Hellyer resigned as CAP leader, but remains a member of the party. Rumours that he might run for the NDP in the 2004 election proved to be unfounded.
Extraterrestrial intelligence claims
On 3 June 1967, Hellyer flew in by helicopter to officially inaugurate an unidentified flying object landing pad in St. Paul, Alberta. The town had built it as its Canadian Centennial celebration project, and as a symbol of keeping space free from human warfare. The sign beside the pad reads:
The area under the World's First UFO Landing Pad was designated international by the Town of St. Paul as a symbol of our faith that mankind will maintain the outer universe free from national wars and strife. That future travel in space will be safe for all intergalactic beings, all visitors from earth or otherwise are welcome to this territory and to the Town of St. Paul.
In early September 2005, Hellyer made headlines by publicly announcing that he believed in the existence of UFOs. On 25 September 2005, he was an invited speaker at an exopolitics conference in Toronto, where he told the audience that he had seen a UFO one night with his late wife and some friends. He said that, although he had discounted the experience at the time, he had kept an open mind to it. He said that he started taking the issue much more seriously after watching ABC's UFO special in February 2005.
I would like to see what (alien) technology there might be that could eliminate the burning of fossil fuels within a generation...that could be a way to save our planet...We need to persuade governments to come clean on what they know. Some of us suspect they know quite a lot, and it might be enough to save our planet if applied quickly enough.
In an interview with RT (formerly Russia Today) in 2014, Hellyer said that at least four species of aliens have been visiting Earth for thousands of years, with most of them coming from other star systems, although there are some living on Venus, Mars and Saturn’s moon. According to him, they "don't think we are good stewards of our planet."
Hellyer was an early investor in the Toronto Sun. He also served as a syndicated columnist for the newspaper between 1974 and 1984.
Hellyer has written several books on Canada and globalization, including One Big Party: To Keep Canada Independent, in which he promoted the merger of the CAP, NDP, and various left-wing activists to save Canada from the effects of globalization, as well as possible annexation by the United States.
- Agenda, a Plan for Action (1971)
- Exit Inflation (1981)
- Jobs for All: Capitalism on Trial (1984)
- Damn the Torpedoes (1990)
- Funny Money: A common sense alternative to mainline economics (1994)
- Surviving the Global Financial Crisis: The Economics of Hope for Generation X (1996)
- Evil Empire : Globalization's Darker Side (1997)
- Stop: Think (1999)
- Goodbye Canada (2001)
- One Big Party: To Keep Canada Independent (2003)
- A Miracle in Waiting (2010), update of Surviving the Global Financial Crisis
- Light at the End of the Tunnel: A Survival Plan for the Human Species (2010)
- The Money Mafia: A World in Crisis (2014)
- "Current Chronological List of Members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada". Privy Council Office. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- Hellyer, Paul (20 February 1958). Inflation vs. Unemployment (Speech). The Empire Club of Canada: Speeches 1957-1958. Archived from the original on 12 September 2007. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
- Winnipeg Free Press, 25 January 1969, p. 11.
- Winnipeg Free Press, 30 January 1969, p. 6. It was noted that Toronto councillor David Rotenberg was a supporter of Hellyer's proposals.
- Milner, J.B. (1969). "Review of Report of the Federal Task Force on Housing and Urban Development by Paul T. Hellyer". University of Toronto Law Journal. 19 (3): 442. doi:10.2307/825051. JSTOR 825051.
- "Canadian Action Party: Our History". Archived from the original on 9 October 2006. Retrieved 27 July 2005.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Canadian Action Party:Policies (2006)". Archived from the original on 9 October 2006. Retrieved 27 July 2005.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Canadian Action Party:Policies (2005)". Archived from the original on 1 December 2005. Retrieved 27 July 2005.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Ottawa Citizen (28 February 2007). Alien technology the best hope to 'save our planet': ex-defence boss. Ottawa Citizen, 28 February 2007. Retrieved on 2008-04-30 from "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 April 2008. Retrieved 30 April 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link).
- "Aliens miffed at Earth's warmongering ways, former Canadian defence minister says". 7 January 2014. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
- The Writers Directory 1980-1982, p. 554. https://books.google.ca/books?id=Hi-xCwAAQBAJ&pg=PA554&lpg=PA554&dq=paul+hellyer+toronto+sun+column&source=bl&ots=sRRqZ63c6l&sig=ABvNWQzUUSRLjWsiZofm80gObco&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjbj-K2y6LSAhXM3YMKHQrxA-QQ6AEITjAI#v=onepage&q=paul%20hellyer%20toronto%20sun%20column&f=false
- "Paul Hellyer". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
- Hellyer, Paul T.
- Hellyer at "Midland Park Toronto"
|Party political offices|
| Canadian Action Party leaders