Pathum Thani Province

Pathum Thani (Thai: ปทุมธานี, pronounced [pā.tʰūm tʰāːnīː]) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise): Ayutthaya, Saraburi, Nakhon Nayok, Chachoengsao, Bangkok, and Nonthaburi.

Pathum Thani



Map of Thailand highlighting Pathum Thani Province
CapitalPathum Thani
  GovernorSurachai Khan-asa
(since October 2015-present)
  Total1,526 km2 (589 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 70th
  RankRanked 18th
  Density751,0/km2 (19,500/sq mi)
  Density rankRanked 5th
Human Achievement Index
  HAI (2017)0.6384 "high"
Ranked 10th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
Calling code02
ISO 3166 codeTH-13

The province is north of Bangkok and is part of the Bangkok metropolitan area. In many places the boundary between the two provinces is not noticeable as both sides of the boundary are equally urbanized. Pathum Thani town is the administrative seat, but Ban Rangsit, seat of Thanyaburi District, is the largest populated place in the province.[4]

Pathum Thani is an old province, heavily populated by the Mon people, dotted with 186 temples and parks. The Dream World amusement park is here.


The province lies on the low alluvial flats of the Chao Phraya River that flows through the capital. Many canals (khlongs) cross the province and feed the rice paddies.


The city dates back to a settlement founded by Mon migrating from Mottama (Thai: เมาะตะมะ) in Myanmar around 1650. The original name was Sam Khok.[5]:230,369 In 1815 King Rama II visited the city and the citizens offered him many lotus flowers, which prompted the king to rename the city Pathum Thani, meaning 'lotus flower town'.[6]


The provincial seal shows a pink lotus flower with two rice stalks bending over it, representing the fertility of the province. The provincial tree is the Indian coral tree (Erythrina variegata). The provincial flower is the lotus (Nymphaea lotus).

Education and technology

Pathum Thani has a very high concentration of higher education institutions, especially ones in the field of science and technology. This, together with a large number of industrial parks and research facilities (including those in Thailand Science Park), make the region the educational and technology hub of the area.

Academic institutes
National Science Museum, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok University, Eastern Asia University, North Bangkok University (Rangsit), Pathumthani University, Rajamangala University of Technology, Rangsit University, Shinawatra University, Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University (Rangsit Center, and Valaya Alongkorn - Rajahbaht University).
Research bodies
Thailand Science Park, National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), National Metal and Materials Technology Center (MTEC), National Nanotechnology Center (NANOTEC), National Electronics and Computer Technology Center (NECTEC), Thai Microelectronics Center (TMEC), Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research (TISTR), TOT Innovation Institute (TOT)
Industrial parks
Software Park Thailand (in Nonthaburi, southwest of Pathum Thani), Nava Nakorn Industrial Promotion Zone (1376 acres / 5.6 km²), Bangkadi Industrial Park (470 acres / 1.9 km²), Techno Thani (a "Technology City" administered by the Ministry of Science and Technology), and a number of industrial parks in neighboring Ayutthaya and Nonthaburi Provinces

Administrative divisions

Provincial government

The province is divided into seven districts (amphoes). The districts are further subdivided into 60 communes (tambons) and 529 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Pathum Thani
  2. Khlong Luang
  3. Thanyaburi
  4. Nong Suea
  1. Lat Lum Kaeo
  2. Lam Luk Ka
  3. Sam Khok

Local government

As of 31 December 2018 there are: one Pathum Thani Provincial Administrative Organization - PAO (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and twenty-seven municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Rangsit has city (thesaban nakhon) status. Further nine have town (thesaban mueang) status and seventeen subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon).[2]

# City municipality 1 Rangsit[7]
# Town municipalities 5 Bueng Yitho
1 Bang Khu Wat 6 Sanan Rak
2 Pathum Thani 7 Lam Sam Kaeo
3 Tha Khlong 8 Lat Sawai
4 Khlong Luang 9 Khu Khot[8]
# Subdistrict mun. 9 Thanyaburi
1 Bang Phun 10 Nong Suea
2 Lak Hok 11 Rahaeng
3 Bang Khayaeng 12 Khlong Phra Udom
4 Bang Duea 13 Khu Khwang
5 Ban Mai 14 Lam Luk Ka
6 Bang Kadi 15 Lam Sai
7 Ban Klang 16 Sam Khok
8 Bang Luang 17 Bang Toei

The non-municipal areas are administered by thirty-nine Subdistrict Administrative Organizations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).

Human achievement index 2017

Index for the province Pathum thani[3]
HAI indices Map Index Rank list
Housing and environment60.699168th
Family and community life70.71688th
Transport and communication80.89263rd
HAI 201710.638410th

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]
Province Pathum Thani, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6384, takes the 10th place in the rankings. This is "high" between the values of 0.6246 and 0.6885.


Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.


  1. Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.
  2. "ร่ยงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  3. ดัชนีความก้าวหน้าของคน ปี2560 [Human Achievement Index - HAI year 2017] (PDF). (Report) (in Thai). National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). 2017. pp. 54–55. ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1. Retrieved 14 September 2019, Maps 1-9
  4. "Population Statistics 2008". Department of Provincial Administration. Archived from the original on 2010-03-25. Retrieved 2010-06-28. Pathum Thani town population 18,843; Rangsit town population 76,843
  5. Rajanubhab, D., 2001, Our Wars With the Burmese, Bangkok: White Lotus Co. Ltd., ISBN 9747534584
  6. "Pathum Thani". Amazing Thailand. Tourism Authority of Thailand. Retrieved 2015-01-03.
  7. "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง เปลี่ยนแปลงฐานะเทศบาลเมืองรังสิต อำเภอธัญบุรี จังหวัดปทุมธานี เป็นเ ทศบาลนครรังสิต" [Announcement from the Ministry of Interior Re: Change of Rangsit Municipality, Thanyaburi District, Pathum Thani Province Is Thesaban Nakon Rangsit] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 128 (Special 61 Ngor): 42. 1 June 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  8. "พระราชกฤษฎีกาจัดตั้งเทศบลเมืองคูคต พ.ศ.๒๕๓๙" [Royal Decree Establish of Thesaban Mueang Khu Khot B.E.2539] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 113 (5 Kor): 4–7. 6 March 1996. Retrieved 31 October 2019.

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