Passerea

Passerea is a clade of neoavian birds that was proposed by Jarvis et al. (2014).[1] Their genomic analyis recovered two major clades within Neoaves, Passerea and Columbea, and concluded that both clades appear to have many ecologically driven convergent traits.

Passerea
Temporal range:
Late Cretaceous - Holocene, 75–0 Ma
Beautiful firetail (Stagonopleura bella)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Infraclass: Neognathae
Clade: Neoaves
Clade: Passerea
Jarvis et al., 2014
Clades

According to Jarvis (2014), these convergences include the footpropelled diving trait of grebes in Columbea with loons and cormorants in Passerea; the wading-feeding trait of flamingos in Columbea with ibises and egrets in Passerea; and pigeons and sandgrouse in Columbea with shorebirds (killdeer) in Passerea. For Jarvis (2014), these long-known trait and morphological alliances suggest that some of the traditional nongenomic trait classifications are based on polyphyletic assemblages.

Passerea was not recovered in other studies.[2]

Phylogeny

Cladogram of Passerea relationships based on Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014)[1] with some clade names after Yury, T. et al. (2013)[3] and Kimball et al. 2013.[4]

Passerea
Otidae

Cypselomorphae (hummingbirds, swifts)

Otidimorphae

Cuculiformes (cuckoos)

Otidiformes (bustards)

Musophagiformes (turacos)

Gruae

Opisthocomiformes (hoatzin)

Gruimorphae

Gruiformes (rails and cranes)

Charadriiformes (shorebirds)

Ardeae

Aequornithes (loons, penguins, herons, pelicans, storks, etc)

Eurypygimorphae

Eurypygiformes (sunbittern, kagu)

Phaethontiformes (tropicbirds)

Telluraves

Telluraves
Afroaves
Accipitrimorphae

Cathartiformes

Accipitriformes

Strigiformes (owls)

Coraciimorphae

Coliiformes (mousebirds)

Cavitaves

Leptosomiformes (cuckoo roller)

Eucavitaves

Trogoniformes (trogons)

Picocoraciae

Bucerotiformes (hornbills, hoopoe and wood hoopoes)

Picodynastornithes

Coraciformes

Piciformes

Australaves

Cariamiformes (seriamas, terror birds etc.)

Eufalconimorphae

Falconiformes (falcons)

Psittacopasserae

Psittaciformes (parrots)

Passeriformes (songbirds and kin)

References

  1. Jarvis, E. D.; Mirarab, S.; Aberer, A. J.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds". Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. Bibcode:2014Sci...346.1320J. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. PMC 4405904. PMID 25504713.
  2. Prum, R.O. et al. (2015) A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing. Nature 526, 569–573.
  3. Yuri, T.; et al. (2013). "Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals". Biology. 2 (1): 419–444. doi:10.3390/biology2010419. PMC 4009869. PMID 24832669.
  4. Kimball, R.T. et al. (2013) Identifying localized biases in large datasets: A case study using the Avian Tree of Life. Mol Phylogenet Evol. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.05.029


This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.